When nonshivering thermogenesis equals maximum metabolic rate: Thermal acclimation and phenotypic plasticity of fossorial Spalacopus cyanus (Rodentia)

R. F. Nespolo, L. D. Bacigalupe, E. L. Rezende, F. Bozinovic

Resultado de la investigación: Article

59 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Many small mammals inhabiting fluctuating and cold environments display enhanced capacity for seasonal changes in nonshivering thermogenesis (NST) and thermoregulatory maximum metabolic rate (MMR). However, it is not known how this plasticity remains in a mammal that rarely experiences extreme thermal fluctuations. In order to answer this question, we determined body mass (mb), basal metabolic rate (BMR), NST, MMR, and minimum thermal conductance (C) on a Chilean fossorial caviomorph (Spalacopus cyvanus) from a coastal population, acclimated to cold (15°C) and warm (30°C) conditions. NST was measured as the maximum response of metabolic rate (NSTmax) after injection of norepinephrine (NE) in thermoneutrality minus BMR. Maximum metabolic rate was assessed in animals exposed to enhanced heat-loss atmosphere (He-O2) connected with an open-flow respirometer. Body mass and metabolic variables increased significantly after cold acclimation with respect to warm acclimation but to a low extent (BMR, 26%; NST, 10%; and MMR, 12%). However, aerobic scope (MMR/BMR), calculated shivering thermogenesis (ST), and C did not change with acclimation regime. Our data suggest that physiological plasticity of S. cyanus is relatively low, which is in accordance with a fossorial mode of life. Although little is known about MMR and NST in fossorial mammals, S. cyanus has remarkably high NST; low MMR; and surprisingly, a nil capacity of ST when compared with other rodents.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)325-332
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónPhysiological and Biochemical Zoology
Volumen74
N.º3
DOI
EstadoPublished - 2001

Huella dactilar

Centaurea
Mammals
Thermogenesis
Acclimatization
Rodentia
heat production
phenotypic plasticity
Plasticity
acclimation
Hot Temperature
heat
Basal Metabolism
basal metabolic rate
Shivering
Heat losses
Norepinephrine
Animals
Extreme Heat
mammals
thermal conductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Biochemistry

Citar esto

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title = "When nonshivering thermogenesis equals maximum metabolic rate: Thermal acclimation and phenotypic plasticity of fossorial Spalacopus cyanus (Rodentia)",
abstract = "Many small mammals inhabiting fluctuating and cold environments display enhanced capacity for seasonal changes in nonshivering thermogenesis (NST) and thermoregulatory maximum metabolic rate (MMR). However, it is not known how this plasticity remains in a mammal that rarely experiences extreme thermal fluctuations. In order to answer this question, we determined body mass (mb), basal metabolic rate (BMR), NST, MMR, and minimum thermal conductance (C) on a Chilean fossorial caviomorph (Spalacopus cyvanus) from a coastal population, acclimated to cold (15°C) and warm (30°C) conditions. NST was measured as the maximum response of metabolic rate (NSTmax) after injection of norepinephrine (NE) in thermoneutrality minus BMR. Maximum metabolic rate was assessed in animals exposed to enhanced heat-loss atmosphere (He-O2) connected with an open-flow respirometer. Body mass and metabolic variables increased significantly after cold acclimation with respect to warm acclimation but to a low extent (BMR, 26{\%}; NST, 10{\%}; and MMR, 12{\%}). However, aerobic scope (MMR/BMR), calculated shivering thermogenesis (ST), and C did not change with acclimation regime. Our data suggest that physiological plasticity of S. cyanus is relatively low, which is in accordance with a fossorial mode of life. Although little is known about MMR and NST in fossorial mammals, S. cyanus has remarkably high NST; low MMR; and surprisingly, a nil capacity of ST when compared with other rodents.",
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When nonshivering thermogenesis equals maximum metabolic rate : Thermal acclimation and phenotypic plasticity of fossorial Spalacopus cyanus (Rodentia). / Nespolo, R. F.; Bacigalupe, L. D.; Rezende, E. L.; Bozinovic, F.

En: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, Vol. 74, N.º 3, 2001, p. 325-332.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - When nonshivering thermogenesis equals maximum metabolic rate

T2 - Thermal acclimation and phenotypic plasticity of fossorial Spalacopus cyanus (Rodentia)

AU - Nespolo, R. F.

AU - Bacigalupe, L. D.

AU - Rezende, E. L.

AU - Bozinovic, F.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Many small mammals inhabiting fluctuating and cold environments display enhanced capacity for seasonal changes in nonshivering thermogenesis (NST) and thermoregulatory maximum metabolic rate (MMR). However, it is not known how this plasticity remains in a mammal that rarely experiences extreme thermal fluctuations. In order to answer this question, we determined body mass (mb), basal metabolic rate (BMR), NST, MMR, and minimum thermal conductance (C) on a Chilean fossorial caviomorph (Spalacopus cyvanus) from a coastal population, acclimated to cold (15°C) and warm (30°C) conditions. NST was measured as the maximum response of metabolic rate (NSTmax) after injection of norepinephrine (NE) in thermoneutrality minus BMR. Maximum metabolic rate was assessed in animals exposed to enhanced heat-loss atmosphere (He-O2) connected with an open-flow respirometer. Body mass and metabolic variables increased significantly after cold acclimation with respect to warm acclimation but to a low extent (BMR, 26%; NST, 10%; and MMR, 12%). However, aerobic scope (MMR/BMR), calculated shivering thermogenesis (ST), and C did not change with acclimation regime. Our data suggest that physiological plasticity of S. cyanus is relatively low, which is in accordance with a fossorial mode of life. Although little is known about MMR and NST in fossorial mammals, S. cyanus has remarkably high NST; low MMR; and surprisingly, a nil capacity of ST when compared with other rodents.

AB - Many small mammals inhabiting fluctuating and cold environments display enhanced capacity for seasonal changes in nonshivering thermogenesis (NST) and thermoregulatory maximum metabolic rate (MMR). However, it is not known how this plasticity remains in a mammal that rarely experiences extreme thermal fluctuations. In order to answer this question, we determined body mass (mb), basal metabolic rate (BMR), NST, MMR, and minimum thermal conductance (C) on a Chilean fossorial caviomorph (Spalacopus cyvanus) from a coastal population, acclimated to cold (15°C) and warm (30°C) conditions. NST was measured as the maximum response of metabolic rate (NSTmax) after injection of norepinephrine (NE) in thermoneutrality minus BMR. Maximum metabolic rate was assessed in animals exposed to enhanced heat-loss atmosphere (He-O2) connected with an open-flow respirometer. Body mass and metabolic variables increased significantly after cold acclimation with respect to warm acclimation but to a low extent (BMR, 26%; NST, 10%; and MMR, 12%). However, aerobic scope (MMR/BMR), calculated shivering thermogenesis (ST), and C did not change with acclimation regime. Our data suggest that physiological plasticity of S. cyanus is relatively low, which is in accordance with a fossorial mode of life. Although little is known about MMR and NST in fossorial mammals, S. cyanus has remarkably high NST; low MMR; and surprisingly, a nil capacity of ST when compared with other rodents.

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