Variaciones en el estado nutricional, presión arterial y capacidad cardiorrespiratoria de obesos candidatos a cirugía bariátrica: Beneficios del ejercicio físico con apoyo multidisciplinar

Pedro Delgado Floody, Felipe Caamaño Navarrete, Aldo Osorio Poblete, Daniel Jerez Mayorga

Resultado de la investigación: Article

Resumen

Introduction: Morbid obesity decreases considerably the hope and quality of life. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the effects of exercise with multidisciplinary support on nutritional status, the cardio respiratory fitness and blood pressure of the morbidly obese candidates for surgery to bariatric. Material and methods: Twelve women and one man between the age of 18 and 60 candidates to bariatric surgery, 10 patients with morbid obesity and 3 with obesity and comorbidities, were subjected to a 5-month program of physical exercise with nutritional education and psychological support. Body weight, body mass index (BMI), contour waist (CW), cardio respiratory fitness, systolic and diastolic blood pressure were evaluated before and after the intervention. Results: The average age of participants was 49.92 years, average height was 1.62 m. All the variables in the study improved significantly (p < 0.05): weight (p = 0.000), BMI (p = 0.000), CW (p = 0.005), cardio respiratory fitness (p = 0.009), systolic blood pressure (p = 0.006) and diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.010). Cardio respiratory fitness increased by 9.17%, the diastolic blood pressure and systolic blood pressure decreased by 5.16% and 7.68% respectively. The BMI decreased by 8.39% and the CC a 6.63%. Conclusions: The program improved levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure and cardio respiratory fitness. This was supplemented by the significant weight loss in the participants of this research. Physical exercise with disciplinary support demonstrated benefits for the preoperative treatment producing favorable adaptations in cardiovascular risk factors.

Idioma originalSpanish
Páginas (desde-hasta)54-58
Número de páginas5
PublicaciónNutricion Hospitalaria
Volumen33
N.º1
EstadoPublished - 1 ene 2016

Huella dactilar

Bariatric Surgery
Nutritional Status
Exercise
Blood Pressure
Body Mass Index
Morbid Obesity
Hope
Comorbidity
Weight Loss
Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Citar esto

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title = "Variaciones en el estado nutricional, presi{\'o}n arterial y capacidad cardiorrespiratoria de obesos candidatos a cirug{\'i}a bari{\'a}trica: Beneficios del ejercicio f{\'i}sico con apoyo multidisciplinar",
abstract = "Introduction: Morbid obesity decreases considerably the hope and quality of life. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the effects of exercise with multidisciplinary support on nutritional status, the cardio respiratory fitness and blood pressure of the morbidly obese candidates for surgery to bariatric. Material and methods: Twelve women and one man between the age of 18 and 60 candidates to bariatric surgery, 10 patients with morbid obesity and 3 with obesity and comorbidities, were subjected to a 5-month program of physical exercise with nutritional education and psychological support. Body weight, body mass index (BMI), contour waist (CW), cardio respiratory fitness, systolic and diastolic blood pressure were evaluated before and after the intervention. Results: The average age of participants was 49.92 years, average height was 1.62 m. All the variables in the study improved significantly (p < 0.05): weight (p = 0.000), BMI (p = 0.000), CW (p = 0.005), cardio respiratory fitness (p = 0.009), systolic blood pressure (p = 0.006) and diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.010). Cardio respiratory fitness increased by 9.17{\%}, the diastolic blood pressure and systolic blood pressure decreased by 5.16{\%} and 7.68{\%} respectively. The BMI decreased by 8.39{\%} and the CC a 6.63{\%}. Conclusions: The program improved levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure and cardio respiratory fitness. This was supplemented by the significant weight loss in the participants of this research. Physical exercise with disciplinary support demonstrated benefits for the preoperative treatment producing favorable adaptations in cardiovascular risk factors.",
keywords = "Blood pressure, Morbid obesity, Obesity, Physical exercise",
author = "{Delgado Floody}, Pedro and {Caama{\~n}o Navarrete}, Felipe and {Osorio Poblete}, Aldo and {Jerez Mayorga}, Daniel",
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T1 - Variaciones en el estado nutricional, presión arterial y capacidad cardiorrespiratoria de obesos candidatos a cirugía bariátrica

T2 - Beneficios del ejercicio físico con apoyo multidisciplinar

AU - Delgado Floody, Pedro

AU - Caamaño Navarrete, Felipe

AU - Osorio Poblete, Aldo

AU - Jerez Mayorga, Daniel

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Introduction: Morbid obesity decreases considerably the hope and quality of life. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the effects of exercise with multidisciplinary support on nutritional status, the cardio respiratory fitness and blood pressure of the morbidly obese candidates for surgery to bariatric. Material and methods: Twelve women and one man between the age of 18 and 60 candidates to bariatric surgery, 10 patients with morbid obesity and 3 with obesity and comorbidities, were subjected to a 5-month program of physical exercise with nutritional education and psychological support. Body weight, body mass index (BMI), contour waist (CW), cardio respiratory fitness, systolic and diastolic blood pressure were evaluated before and after the intervention. Results: The average age of participants was 49.92 years, average height was 1.62 m. All the variables in the study improved significantly (p < 0.05): weight (p = 0.000), BMI (p = 0.000), CW (p = 0.005), cardio respiratory fitness (p = 0.009), systolic blood pressure (p = 0.006) and diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.010). Cardio respiratory fitness increased by 9.17%, the diastolic blood pressure and systolic blood pressure decreased by 5.16% and 7.68% respectively. The BMI decreased by 8.39% and the CC a 6.63%. Conclusions: The program improved levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure and cardio respiratory fitness. This was supplemented by the significant weight loss in the participants of this research. Physical exercise with disciplinary support demonstrated benefits for the preoperative treatment producing favorable adaptations in cardiovascular risk factors.

AB - Introduction: Morbid obesity decreases considerably the hope and quality of life. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the effects of exercise with multidisciplinary support on nutritional status, the cardio respiratory fitness and blood pressure of the morbidly obese candidates for surgery to bariatric. Material and methods: Twelve women and one man between the age of 18 and 60 candidates to bariatric surgery, 10 patients with morbid obesity and 3 with obesity and comorbidities, were subjected to a 5-month program of physical exercise with nutritional education and psychological support. Body weight, body mass index (BMI), contour waist (CW), cardio respiratory fitness, systolic and diastolic blood pressure were evaluated before and after the intervention. Results: The average age of participants was 49.92 years, average height was 1.62 m. All the variables in the study improved significantly (p < 0.05): weight (p = 0.000), BMI (p = 0.000), CW (p = 0.005), cardio respiratory fitness (p = 0.009), systolic blood pressure (p = 0.006) and diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.010). Cardio respiratory fitness increased by 9.17%, the diastolic blood pressure and systolic blood pressure decreased by 5.16% and 7.68% respectively. The BMI decreased by 8.39% and the CC a 6.63%. Conclusions: The program improved levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure and cardio respiratory fitness. This was supplemented by the significant weight loss in the participants of this research. Physical exercise with disciplinary support demonstrated benefits for the preoperative treatment producing favorable adaptations in cardiovascular risk factors.

KW - Blood pressure

KW - Morbid obesity

KW - Obesity

KW - Physical exercise

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SP - 54

EP - 58

JO - Nutricion Hospitalaria

JF - Nutricion Hospitalaria

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