Variaciones en el estado nutricional, presión arterial y capacidad cardiorrespiratoria de obesos candidatos a cirugía bariátrica: Beneficios del ejercicio físico con apoyo multidisciplinar

Pedro Delgado Floody, Felipe Caamaño Navarrete, Aldo Osorio Poblete, Daniel Jerez Mayorga

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

Resumen

Introduction: Morbid obesity decreases considerably the hope and quality of life. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the effects of exercise with multidisciplinary support on nutritional status, the cardio respiratory fitness and blood pressure of the morbidly obese candidates for surgery to bariatric. Material and methods: Twelve women and one man between the age of 18 and 60 candidates to bariatric surgery, 10 patients with morbid obesity and 3 with obesity and comorbidities, were subjected to a 5-month program of physical exercise with nutritional education and psychological support. Body weight, body mass index (BMI), contour waist (CW), cardio respiratory fitness, systolic and diastolic blood pressure were evaluated before and after the intervention. Results: The average age of participants was 49.92 years, average height was 1.62 m. All the variables in the study improved significantly (p < 0.05): weight (p = 0.000), BMI (p = 0.000), CW (p = 0.005), cardio respiratory fitness (p = 0.009), systolic blood pressure (p = 0.006) and diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.010). Cardio respiratory fitness increased by 9.17%, the diastolic blood pressure and systolic blood pressure decreased by 5.16% and 7.68% respectively. The BMI decreased by 8.39% and the CC a 6.63%. Conclusions: The program improved levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure and cardio respiratory fitness. This was supplemented by the significant weight loss in the participants of this research. Physical exercise with disciplinary support demonstrated benefits for the preoperative treatment producing favorable adaptations in cardiovascular risk factors.

Título traducido de la contribuciónVariations in the nutritional status, blood pressure, and cardio respiratory fitness of the morbidly obese candidates for bariatric surgery: Benefits of physical exercise with disciplinary support
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)54-58
Número de páginas5
PublicaciónNutricion Hospitalaria
Volumen33
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene 2016

Palabras clave

  • Blood pressure
  • Morbid obesity
  • Obesity
  • Physical exercise

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Medicina (miscelánea)
  • Nutrición y dietética

Huella Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Variaciones en el estado nutricional, presión arterial y capacidad cardiorrespiratoria de obesos candidatos a cirugía bariátrica: Beneficios del ejercicio físico con apoyo multidisciplinar'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

  • Citar esto