Variabilidad terapéutica en lactantes con bronquiolitis hospitalizados en unidades de cuidados intensivos latinoamericanas

LARed Colaborativa Pediátrica de Latinoamérica (LARed Network)

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

6 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The objective of this study was to describe the management of infants with acute bronchiolitis admitted to 20 pediatric intensive care units (PICU) members of LARed in 5 Latin American countries. Patients and Method: Retrospective, multicenter, observational study of data from the Latin American Registry of Acute Pediatric Respiratory Failure. We included children under 2 years of age admitted to the PICU due to community-based acute bronchiolitis between May and September 2017. Demographic and clinical data, respiratory support, therapies used, and clinical results were collected. A subgroup analysis was carried out according to geographical location (Atlantic v/s Pacific), type of insurance (Public v/s Private), and Academic v/s non-Academic centers. Results: 1,155 patients were included in the registry which present acute respiratory failure and 6 were excluded due to the lack of information in their record form. Out of the 1,147 patients, 908 were under 2 years of age, and out of those, 467 (51.4%) were diagnosed with acute bronchiolitis, which was the main cause of admission to the PICU due to acute respiratory failure. The demographic and severity characteristics among the centers were similar. The most frequent maximum ventilatory support was the high-flow nasal cannula (47%), followed by non-invasive ventilation (26%) and invasive mechanical ventilation (17%), with a wide coefficient of variation (CV) between centers. There was a great dispersion in the use of treatments, where the use of bronchodilators, antibiotics, and corticosteroids, representing a CV up to 400%. There were significant differences in subgroup analysis regarding respiratory support and treatments used. One patient of this cohort passed away. Conclusion: we detected wide variability in respiratory support and treatments among Latin American PICUs. This variability was not explained by demographic or clinical differences. The heterogeneity of treatments should encourage collaborative initiatives to reduce the gap between scientific evidence and practice.

Título traducido de la contribuciónTherapeutic variability in infants admitted to latin-american pediatric intensive units due to acute bronchiolitis
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)216-225
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónRevista Chilena de Pediatria
Volumen91
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 mar. 2020

Palabras clave

  • Bronchiolitis
  • Critical care
  • Latin-America
  • Pediatrics
  • Respiratory failure
  • Respiratory syncytial virus
  • Therapeutic variability

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Pediatría, perinaltología y salud infantil

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