Use of Human Fallopian Tube Organ in Culture (FTOC) and Primary Fallopian Tube Epithelial Cells (FTEC) to Study the Biology of Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infection

A. Said Álamos-Musre, Alejandro Escobar, Cecilia V. Tapia, Myron Christodoulides, Paula I. Rodas

Resultado de la investigación: Chapter

Resumen

Epithelial cells represent one of the most important physical barriers to many bacterial pathogens. In the case of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the epithelial cell response is critical because they are the main target of the tissue damage triggered by the pathogen, particularly when the organism reaches the Fallopian tube (FT). Although the irreversible damage triggered by N. gonorrhoeae in the FT has been previously reported (ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility), the mechanisms of gonococcal-induced tissue damage are not fully understood. In addition, the lack of animal models that efficiently mimic the human disease and the complexity of gonococcus–host interactions make studying gonococcal pathogenesis particularly difficult. The use of human immortalized cells is also limited, since a variety of commercial FT cell lines is not yet available. Finally, the phase and antigenic variation of many gonococcal surface molecules involved in attachment and invasion of epithelial tissues leads to a failure to reproduce results using different human cells lines used in previous studies. The FT organ in culture (FTOC) and primary human fallopian tube epithelial cell (FTEC) represent the closest ex vivo cell models to explore the biology of Neisseria gonorrhoeae during infection of the FT, since it is a natural host target of the gonococcus. In this chapter, we describe protocols to process human FT samples to obtain FTOC and FTEC and assess their response to infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

Idioma originalEnglish
Título de la publicación alojadaMethods in Molecular Biology
EditorialHumana Press Inc.
Páginas377-402
Número de páginas26
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 ene 2019

Serie de la publicación

NombreMethods in Molecular Biology
Volumen1997
ISSN (versión impresa)1064-3745

Huella dactilar

Fallopian Tubes
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Organ Culture Techniques
Epithelial Cells
Infection
Antigenic Variation
Cell Line
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Architectural Accessibility
Ectopic Pregnancy
Infertility
Epithelium
Animal Models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

Citar esto

Álamos-Musre, A. S., Escobar, A., Tapia, C. V., Christodoulides, M., & Rodas, P. I. (2019). Use of Human Fallopian Tube Organ in Culture (FTOC) and Primary Fallopian Tube Epithelial Cells (FTEC) to Study the Biology of Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infection. En Methods in Molecular Biology (pp. 377-402). (Methods in Molecular Biology; Vol. 1997). Humana Press Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-9496-0_22
Álamos-Musre, A. Said ; Escobar, Alejandro ; Tapia, Cecilia V. ; Christodoulides, Myron ; Rodas, Paula I. / Use of Human Fallopian Tube Organ in Culture (FTOC) and Primary Fallopian Tube Epithelial Cells (FTEC) to Study the Biology of Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infection. Methods in Molecular Biology. Humana Press Inc., 2019. pp. 377-402 (Methods in Molecular Biology).
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abstract = "Epithelial cells represent one of the most important physical barriers to many bacterial pathogens. In the case of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the epithelial cell response is critical because they are the main target of the tissue damage triggered by the pathogen, particularly when the organism reaches the Fallopian tube (FT). Although the irreversible damage triggered by N. gonorrhoeae in the FT has been previously reported (ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility), the mechanisms of gonococcal-induced tissue damage are not fully understood. In addition, the lack of animal models that efficiently mimic the human disease and the complexity of gonococcus–host interactions make studying gonococcal pathogenesis particularly difficult. The use of human immortalized cells is also limited, since a variety of commercial FT cell lines is not yet available. Finally, the phase and antigenic variation of many gonococcal surface molecules involved in attachment and invasion of epithelial tissues leads to a failure to reproduce results using different human cells lines used in previous studies. The FT organ in culture (FTOC) and primary human fallopian tube epithelial cell (FTEC) represent the closest ex vivo cell models to explore the biology of Neisseria gonorrhoeae during infection of the FT, since it is a natural host target of the gonococcus. In this chapter, we describe protocols to process human FT samples to obtain FTOC and FTEC and assess their response to infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae.",
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Álamos-Musre, AS, Escobar, A, Tapia, CV, Christodoulides, M & Rodas, PI 2019, Use of Human Fallopian Tube Organ in Culture (FTOC) and Primary Fallopian Tube Epithelial Cells (FTEC) to Study the Biology of Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infection. En Methods in Molecular Biology. Methods in Molecular Biology, vol. 1997, Humana Press Inc., pp. 377-402. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-9496-0_22

Use of Human Fallopian Tube Organ in Culture (FTOC) and Primary Fallopian Tube Epithelial Cells (FTEC) to Study the Biology of Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infection. / Álamos-Musre, A. Said; Escobar, Alejandro; Tapia, Cecilia V.; Christodoulides, Myron; Rodas, Paula I.

Methods in Molecular Biology. Humana Press Inc., 2019. p. 377-402 (Methods in Molecular Biology; Vol. 1997).

Resultado de la investigación: Chapter

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AU - Tapia, Cecilia V.

AU - Christodoulides, Myron

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Álamos-Musre AS, Escobar A, Tapia CV, Christodoulides M, Rodas PI. Use of Human Fallopian Tube Organ in Culture (FTOC) and Primary Fallopian Tube Epithelial Cells (FTEC) to Study the Biology of Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infection. En Methods in Molecular Biology. Humana Press Inc. 2019. p. 377-402. (Methods in Molecular Biology). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-9496-0_22