ATP-dependent phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) carboxykinases are found in plants and microorganisms, and catalyse the reversible formation of PEP, ADP, and CO2 from oxaloacetate plus ATP. These enzymes vary in quaternary structure although there is significant sequence identity among the proteins isolated from different sources. To help understand the influence of quaternary structure in protein stability, the urea-induced unfolding of free- and substrate-bound tetrameric Saccharomyces cerevisiae PEP carboxykinase is described and compared with the unfolding characteristics of the monomeric Escherichia coli enzyme [Eur. J. Biochem. 255 (1998) 439]. The urea-induced denaturation of S. cerevisiae PEP carboxykinase was studied by monitoring the enzyme activity, intrinsic protein fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD) spectra, and 1-anilino-8-naphthalenesulfonate (ANS) binding. The unfolding profiles were multi-steps, and formation of hydrophobic structures were detected. The data indicate that unfolding and dissociation of the enzyme tetramer are simultaneous events. Ligand binding, most notably PEP in the presence of MnCl2, conferred a marked protection against urea-induced denaturation. A similar protection effect was found when N-iodoacetyl-N′-(5-sulfo-1-napthyl)ethylene diamine (1,5-I-AEDANS) was covalently bound at Cys365, within the active site region. Refolding experiments indicated that total recovery of tertiary structure was only obtained from samples previously unfolded to less than 30%. In the presence of substrates, complete refolding was achieved from samples originally denatured up to 50%. The unfolding behaviour of S. cerevisiae PEP carboxykinase was found to be similar to that of E. coli PEP carboxykinase, however all steps take place at lower urea concentrations. These findings show that, at least for monomeric and tetrameric ATP-dependent PEP carboxykinases, quaternary structure does not contribute to protein conformational stability.
|Número de páginas||12|
|Publicación||International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology|
|Estado||Publicada - 13 abr 2002|
Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus
- Biología celular