Trust, acceptance and knowledge of technological and environmental hazards in Chile

Nicolas C. Bronfman, Esperanza Lopez Vazquez, Virna Vaneza Gutierrez, Luis Abdon Cifuentes

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

33 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Studies over the past decade have found empirical links between trust in risk management institutions and the risk perceptions and acceptability of various individual hazards. Mostly addressing food technologies, no study to date has explored wider possible relationships among all four core variables (risk, benefit, trust and acceptability) covering a heterogeneous group of hazards. Our prime objective was to ascertain effects among social trust in regulatory entities, and the public's perceived risk, perceived benefit and the degree of acceptability towards both technological and environmental hazards. We also assess whether trust in regulatory authorities is the cause (causal model) or a consequence (associationist model) of a hazard's acceptability for a wide and heterogeneous range of hazards on all four core variables. Using a web-based survey, 539 undergraduates in Chile rated the five variables across 30 hazards. Implications for technology and environmental risk management organizations are discussed. Independent of the magnitude of the perceived risk or benefit surrounding a given hazard, or how knowledgeable the public claim to be of it, the trust sustained in regulatory institutions will either generate or be the consequence of public attitudes towards the hazard.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)755-773
Número de páginas19
PublicaciónJournal of Risk Research
Volumen11
N.º6
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 9 sep 2008

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Seguridad, riesgos, fiabilidad y calidad
  • Ciencias sociales (todo)
  • Ingeniería (todo)
  • Estrategia y gestión

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