Theoretical study of the thermolysis reaction of Ethyl β-hydroxycarboxylates in the gas phase

Rafael Notario, Jairo Quijano, J. Camilo Quijano, Luisa P. Gutiérrez, Wilmar A. Suárez, Claudia Sánchez, Luis A. León, Eduardo Chamorro

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

15 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Theoretical studies on the thermolysis of three ethyl β-hydroxycarboxylates in the gas phase were carried out using ab initio theoretical methods, at the MP2/6-31G(d) and MP2/6-311++G(2d,p)//MP2/6-31G(d) levels of theory. Two competitive reaction pathways for the decomposition process have been studied. The first pathway describes a two-step mechanism, with the formation in a first step of an aldehyde, or a ketone, and an enol intermediate, followed by the tautomerization of this intermediate to ethyl acetate. The second pathway is a one-step mechanism with formation of ethylene and a carboxylic acid. Both processes occur via six-membered cyclic transition states. The thermolysis is favorable along the first pathway with the first step as the rate-limiting step for the global process. The progress of the principal reactions was followed by means of the Wiberg bond indices. The results indicate that the transition states are late, and the calculated synchronicities show that the reactions are concerted and highly synchronous. The bond-breaking processes are more advanced than the bond-forming ones indicating a bond deficiency in the transition states. The kinetic parameters calculated for the studied reactions agree very well with the available experimental results. A theoretical study on the kinetic deuterium isotope primary, and α- and β-secondary, effects has also been carried out.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)4377-4383
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volumen106
N.º17
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2 may 2002

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Química física y teórica

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