Theoretical study of the regioselectivity of [2 + 2] photocycloaddition reactions of acrolein with olefins

Pablo Jaque, Alejandro Toro-Labbe, Paul Geerlings, Frank De Proft

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

41 Citas (Scopus)


The regioselectivity of the [2 + 2] photocycloaddition reaction between triplet ππ* acrolein and substituted olefins in their ground states was studied using the reaction force concept and reactivity indices from conceptual spin-polarized density functional theory. In the first part, the reaction path was determined for the attack of the acrolein a- and β-carbon atoms on the alkenes, yielding biradical intermediates evolving to the head-totail (HT) and head-to-head (HH) regioisomers, respectively. The β pathway was found to be the most favorable path from the thermodynamic and kinetic points of view, indicating that the formation of the HH cycloadduct should be preferred for reactions with both electron-rich and electron-poor alkenes if this first step determines the final regioselectivity. In the second part, the reactivity of the biradical intermediates was characterized through global and local spin-polarized response functions, together with the local hard-soft acid-base principle. The results indicate that the intermediate formed from the electron-rich alkenes evolves preferentially toward the HT regioisomer whereas electron-poor alkenes tend to form the HH isomer, in agreement with experiment and previous theoretical studies.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)332-344
Número de páginas13
PublicaciónJournal of Physical Chemistry A
EstadoPublicada - 8 ene 2009

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Química física y teórica


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