Theoretical exploration of seleno and tellurophenols as promising alternatives to sulfur ligands for anchoring to gold (111) materials

Sebastián Miranda-Rojas, Richard Salazar-Molina, Johannes Kästner, Ramiro Arratia-Pérez, Fernando Mendizábal

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

9 Citas (Scopus)


It is widely known that sulfur ligands, such as alkanethiols or phenothiols and their derivatives, are useful anchor systems for gold materials due to the high affinity of sulfur to gold surfaces. In this study we use DFT calculations and a 42-atom gold cluster model to study the interaction between selenophenol and tellurophenol-derivatives with the Au(111) surface to gain information towards potential new gold-based materials. We modulated the interaction strength by controlling the charge transfer process of a particular interaction by chemically modifying the ligands. To obtain a complete analysis, we studied the ligands in their protonated, anionic and radical states aiming to cover the three possibilities in which these may interact with the gold cluster. In order to get a deeper insight into the nature of the interaction we used several analysis techniques such as energy decomposition analysis (EDA), non-covalent interactions (NCI) and natural population analysis (NPA). Our results reveal that tellurium in the anionic state provides complexes of better thermodynamic stability by ∼12.0 kcal mol, when compared with the strongest sulfur-gold complex, also in the anionic state. Furthermore, this indicates that the anionic ligand is probably the dominant state for both selenium and tellurium as observed previously for sulfur. The extent to which the interaction strength could be controlled directly depends on the state of the anchor atom. In our case the anionic state is the most suitable for tuning the interaction. Finally, our main findings suggest that exchanging sulfur with selenium or tellurium involves an important increase of the interaction strength, thus, making these selenophenol and tellurophenol derivatives attractive for the development of new functional materials.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)4458-4468
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónRSC Advances
EstadoPublicada - 2016

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Ingeniería Química General
  • Química General


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