This paper reviews the main results obtained so far by the VIRMOS VLT Deep Survey (VVDS) collaboration. The VVDS is one of the leading extragalactic surveys, started in 2002 using GTO awarded for the construction of VIMOS-VLT. Its aim is to study the evolution of galaxies, large-scale structures, and AGNs from a goal sample of ∼100,000 objects down to a magnitude I(AB)=24, with redshifts measured using VIMOS-VLT (typically in the range 0 < z < 5), and a wide wavelength coverage from different follow-up observations. Among the most important results achived by the VVDS so far are the redshift distributions for different galaxy populations, the evolution of the galaxy Luminosity Function in various filter bands (as a function of redshift, galaxy type, and environment), the evolution of the typedensity relation with redshfit, and the clustering properties from z ∼ 2. One of the most impressive findings of the VVDS using a pure magnitude-selected sample is the existence of an important population of bright galaxies at 1.6 < z < 5, 1.6 to 6.2 times larger than previous estimates based on color preselections (LBG technique).