The molecular nature of the 17β-Estradiol binding site in the voltage- and Ca2+-activated K+ (BK) channel β1 subunit

Sara T. Granados, Karen Castillo, Felipe Bravo-Moraga, Romina V. Sepúlveda, Willy Carrasquel-Ursulaez, Maximiliano Rojas, Emerson Carmona, Yenisleidy Lorenzo-Ceballos, Fernando González-Nilo, Carlos González, Ramón Latorre, Yolima P. Torres

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

4 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The accessory β1 subunit modulates the Ca2+- and voltage-activated K+ (BK) channel gating properties mainly by increasing its apparent Ca2+ sensitivity. β1 plays an important role in the modulation of arterial tone and blood pressure by vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). 17β-estradiol (E2) increases the BK channel open probability (Po) in SMCs, through a β1 subunit-dependent modulatory effect. Here, using molecular modeling, bioinformatics, mutagenesis, and electrophysiology, we identify a cluster of hydrophobic residues in the second transmembrane domain of the β1 subunit, including the residues W163 and F166, as the binding site for E2. We further show that the increase in Po induced by E2 is associated with a stabilization of the voltage sensor in its active configuration and an increase in the coupling between the voltage sensor activation and pore opening. Since β1 is a key molecular player in vasoregulation, the findings reported here are of importance in the design of novel drugs able to modulate BK channels.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo9965
PublicaciónScientific Reports
Volumen9
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 dic 2019

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