The EXPLORE project: A deep search for transiting extra-solar planets

H. K C Yee, G. Mallén-Ornelas, S. Seager, M. Gladders, T. Brown, D. Minniti, S. Ellison, G. M. Mallén-Fullerton

Resultado de la investigación: Article

3 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Searching for transits provides a very promising technique for finding close-in extra-solar planets. Transiting planets present the advantage of allowing one to determine physical properties such as mass and radius unambiguously. The EXPLORE (EXtra-solar PLanet Occultation REsearch) project is a transit search project carried out using wide-field CCD imaging cameras on 4-m class telescopes, and 8-10m class telescopes for radial velocity verification of the photometric candidates. We describe some of the considerations that go into the design of the EXPLORE transit search to maximize the discovery rate and minimize contaminating objects that mimic transiting planets. We show that high precision photometry (2 to 10 millimag) and high time sampling (few minutes) are crucial for sifting out contaminating signatures, such as grazing binaries. We have an efficient data reduction pipeline which allows us to completely reduce the data and search for transit candidates in less than one month after the imaging observations, allowing us to conduct same-semester radial velocity follow-up observations, reducing the phase uncertainty. We have completed two searches using the 8k MOSAIC camera at the CTIO4m and the CFH12k camera at CFHT, with runs covering 11 and 16 nights, respectively. Using the 4400 images from the two fields, we obtained preliminary light curves for approximately 47,000 stars with better than ∼ 1% photometric precision. A number of light curves with flat-bottomed eclipses consistent with being produced by transiting planets has been discovered. Preliminary results from follow-up spectroscopic observations using the VLT UVES spectrograph and the Keck HIRES spectrograph obtained for a number of the candidates are presented. Data from four of these can be interpreted consistently as possible planet candidates, although further data are still required for definitive confirmations.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)150-160
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volumen4834
DOI
EstadoPublished - 2002

Huella dactilar

Extrasolar planets
Extrasolar Planets
research projects
occultation
Planets
extrasolar planets
transit
planets
Radial velocity
Spectrographs
Camera
Cameras
cameras
Spectrograph
Telescopes
radial velocity
light curve
spectrographs
Telescope
Imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

Citar esto

Yee, H. K. C., Mallén-Ornelas, G., Seager, S., Gladders, M., Brown, T., Minniti, D., ... Mallén-Fullerton, G. M. (2002). The EXPLORE project: A deep search for transiting extra-solar planets. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 4834, 150-160. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.457701
Yee, H. K C ; Mallén-Ornelas, G. ; Seager, S. ; Gladders, M. ; Brown, T. ; Minniti, D. ; Ellison, S. ; Mallén-Fullerton, G. M. / The EXPLORE project : A deep search for transiting extra-solar planets. En: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. 2002 ; Vol. 4834. pp. 150-160.
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abstract = "Searching for transits provides a very promising technique for finding close-in extra-solar planets. Transiting planets present the advantage of allowing one to determine physical properties such as mass and radius unambiguously. The EXPLORE (EXtra-solar PLanet Occultation REsearch) project is a transit search project carried out using wide-field CCD imaging cameras on 4-m class telescopes, and 8-10m class telescopes for radial velocity verification of the photometric candidates. We describe some of the considerations that go into the design of the EXPLORE transit search to maximize the discovery rate and minimize contaminating objects that mimic transiting planets. We show that high precision photometry (2 to 10 millimag) and high time sampling (few minutes) are crucial for sifting out contaminating signatures, such as grazing binaries. We have an efficient data reduction pipeline which allows us to completely reduce the data and search for transit candidates in less than one month after the imaging observations, allowing us to conduct same-semester radial velocity follow-up observations, reducing the phase uncertainty. We have completed two searches using the 8k MOSAIC camera at the CTIO4m and the CFH12k camera at CFHT, with runs covering 11 and 16 nights, respectively. Using the 4400 images from the two fields, we obtained preliminary light curves for approximately 47,000 stars with better than ∼ 1{\%} photometric precision. A number of light curves with flat-bottomed eclipses consistent with being produced by transiting planets has been discovered. Preliminary results from follow-up spectroscopic observations using the VLT UVES spectrograph and the Keck HIRES spectrograph obtained for a number of the candidates are presented. Data from four of these can be interpreted consistently as possible planet candidates, although further data are still required for definitive confirmations.",
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Yee, HKC, Mallén-Ornelas, G, Seager, S, Gladders, M, Brown, T, Minniti, D, Ellison, S & Mallén-Fullerton, GM 2002, 'The EXPLORE project: A deep search for transiting extra-solar planets', Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 4834, pp. 150-160. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.457701

The EXPLORE project : A deep search for transiting extra-solar planets. / Yee, H. K C; Mallén-Ornelas, G.; Seager, S.; Gladders, M.; Brown, T.; Minniti, D.; Ellison, S.; Mallén-Fullerton, G. M.

En: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 4834, 2002, p. 150-160.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - The EXPLORE project

T2 - A deep search for transiting extra-solar planets

AU - Yee, H. K C

AU - Mallén-Ornelas, G.

AU - Seager, S.

AU - Gladders, M.

AU - Brown, T.

AU - Minniti, D.

AU - Ellison, S.

AU - Mallén-Fullerton, G. M.

PY - 2002

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KW - Extra-solar planets

KW - Photometry

KW - Radial velocity

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