The efflux pump inhibitor phenylalanine-arginine β-naphthylamide (PAβN) increases resistance to carbapenems in Chilean clinical isolates of KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae

Alejandra Vera-Leiva, Sergio Carrasco-Anabalón, Celia A. Lima, Nicolás Villagra, Mariana Domínguez, Helia Bello-Toledo, Gerardo González-Rocha

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

1 Cita (Scopus)

Resumen

Objectives KPC-producing strains present a wide range of carbapenem minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs). This variation may be due to differential expression of blaKPC and porin genes, efflux pump activity and the production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases and/or AmpC β-lactamases. The aim of this study was to determine the role of efflux pumps inhibited by phenylalanine-arginine β-naphthylamide (PAβN) in resistance to carbapenems in Chilean clinical isolates of blaKPC-harbouring Klebsiella pneumoniae. Methods MICs were determined by the agar dilution method for imipenem, meropenem, ertapenem and ciprofloxacin in the presence and absence of PAβN (25 mg/L) in 17 carbapenem-resistant KPC-producing K. pneumoniae strains. Outer protein membrane (OMP) profiles were determined by sodium dodecyl sulphate—polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Expression levels of the ompK35 and ompK36 genes were also determined by real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). Results No contribution of PAβN-inhibited efflux pumps to carbapenem resistance was found, unlike ciprofloxacin resistance. However, a ≥4-fold increase in the MIC of at least one carbapenem was observed in 13 isolates in the presence of PAβN. Additionally, decreased gene expression of ompK35 and ompK36 in the presence of PAβN was detected, however no obvious differences in porin band intensity were observed by SDS-PAGE. Conclusions The presence of PAβN resulted in an increase in carbapenem MICs unrelated to efflux pump inhibition, and a decrease in the expression of ompK35 and ompK36 genes without an obvious difference in OMP profiles observed by SDS-PAGE. Therefore, additional factors are responsible for the increase in carbapenem MIC in the presence of PAβN.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)73-76
Número de páginas4
PublicaciónJournal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Volumen12
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 mar 2018

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Microbiología
  • Inmulogía y alergología
  • Inmunología
  • Microbiología (médica)

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