The Effect of Resistance Training on Motor Unit Firing Properties: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Edith Elgueta-Cancino, Ethan Evans, Eduardo Martinez-Valdes, Deborah Falla

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de revisiónrevisión exhaustiva

10 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

While neural changes are thought to be responsible for early increases in strength following resistance training (RT), the exact changes in motor unit (MU) firing properties remain unclear. This review aims to synthesize the available evidence on the effect of RT on MU firing properties. MEDLINE (OVID interface), EMBASE (OVID interface), Web of Science (all databases), Cochrane Library, EBSCO CINAHL Plus, PubMed, and EBSCO SportDiscus were searched from inception until June 2021. Randomized controlled trials and non-randomized studies of interventions that compared RT to no intervention (control) were included. Two reviewers independently extracted data from each trial, assessed the risk of bias and rated the cumulative quality of evidence. Motor unit discharge rate (MUDR), motor unit recruitment threshold (MURT), motor unit discharge rate variability (MUDRV), MU discharge rate at recruitment vs. recruitment threshold relationship, and MU discharge rate vs. recruitment threshold relationship were assessed. Seven trials including 167 participants met the inclusion criteria. Meta-analysis (four studies) revealed that MUDR did not change significantly (P = 0.43), but with considerable heterogeneity likely to be present (I2 = 91). Low to moderate evidence supports changes in MUDRV, MUDR at recruitment vs. recruitment threshold relationship, and the MUDR vs. recruitment threshold relationship. Overall, this systematic review revealed that there is a lack of high-quality evidence for the effect of RT on MU firing properties. Heterogeneity across studies undermines the quality of the evidence for multiple outcomes and affects the conclusions that can be drawn.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo817631
PublicaciónFrontiers in Physiology
Volumen13
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 28 feb. 2022
Publicado de forma externa

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Fisiología
  • Fisiología (médica)

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