The "degradative" and "biological" pumps controls on the atmospheric deposition and sequestration of hexachlorocyclohexanes and hexachlorobenzene in the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans

Cristóbal J. Galbán-Malagón, Naiara Berrojalbiz, Rosalinda Gioia, Jordi Dachs

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

33 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The cycling of hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) has been studied in the North Atlantic and Arctic Ocean. Concentrations of HCHs and HCB were measured simultaneously in the atmosphere (gas and aerosol phases), seawater (dissolved and particulate phases), and phytoplankton. The atmospheric concentrations of HCHs decrease during transport over the Greenland Current with estimated e-folding times of 1.6 days, a trend not observed for HCB. This strong decrease in atmospheric concentrations of HCH is consistent with the estimated atmospheric depositional fluxes driven by the air-water disequilibrium. The removal of HCHs from the surface ocean by the degradative pump due to hydrolysis and microbial degradation and by the biological pump due to settling of particle-associated HCHs are estimated; the removal fluxes are within a factor of 2 of the atmospheric inputs for most sampling events, suggesting an important role of the degradative pump in the overall oceanic sink of HCHs. Conversely, the lack of degradation of HCB in surface waters and its relatively low hydrophobicity imply a lack of effective removal processes, consistent with the observed air and water concentrations close to equilibrium. This work is the first that estimates the relative importance of the biological and degradative pumps on the atmospheric deposition of the less persistent organic pollutants and points out the need for further research for quantifying the magnitude of degradative processes in the environment.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)7195-7203
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volumen47
N.º13
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2 jul 2013

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Química (todo)
  • Química ambiental

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