The challenge of identifying INTEGRAL sources on the Galactic plane

Raffaella Landi, Loredana Bassani, Gabriele Bruni, Manuela Molina, Nicola Masetti, Angela Malizia, Mariateresa Fiocchi, Angela Bazzano, Pietro Ubertini

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva


(INTEGRAL) has been surveying the sky above 20 keV since its launch in 2002 providing new insights into the nature of the sources that populate our Universe at soft γ-ray energies. The latest IBIS/ISGRI survey lists 929 hard X-ray sources, of which 113 are reported as unidentified, i.e. lacking a lower energy counterpart or simply not studied in other wavebands. To overcome this lack of information, we either browsed the X-ray archives, or, if no data in the X-ray band were available, we requested Target of Opportunity (ToO) observations with the X-ray Telescope (XRT) on-board the Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory. Following this approach, we selected a sample of 10 objects for which X-ray data were key to investigate their nature. We found a single X-ray association for all of the sources, except for IGR J16267−3303, for which two X-ray detections were spotted within the IBIS positional uncertainty. We then browsed multi-waveband archives to search for counterparts to these X-ray detections at other wavelengths and analysed X-ray spectral properties to determine their nature and association with the high-energy emitter. As a result of our analysis, we identified the most likely counterpart for 7 sources, although in some cases its nature/class could not be definitely assessed on the basis of the information collected. Interestingly, SWIFT J2221.6+5952, first reported in the 105-month Swift/Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) survey, is the only source of the sample for which we did not find any counterpart at radio/optical/IR wavebands. Finally, we found that two IBIS source, IGR J17449−3037 and IGR J17596−2315 are positionally associated with a Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) object.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)67-80
Número de páginas14
PublicaciónJournal of High Energy Astrophysics
EstadoPublicada - mar. 2024

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Astronomía y astrofísica


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