The art of hunger: Self-Starvation in the red army faction

Resultado de la investigación: Article

23 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The founding generation of the Red Army Faction (RAF), a West German terrorist group, spent two frenzied years in the underground followed by five years in prison, culminating with the suicides of the group's leadersin 1976 and 1977. This paper examines the prison hunger strikes of the RAF as structured acts of communication that together with accompanying texts were central to a sustained media campaign run fromwithin prison. It examines the internal and external prison communication networks established to enable the coordination of the strikes as well as the discursive functions of the self-starvation of the RAF members. Within the prison system hunger was constructed as ' holy ' and ascribed a pseudo-religious function used tosupport a group identity and maintain an internal group discipline. In the texts produced for publication beyondthe prison walls, however, hunger became a central element in the RAF strategy to counter what it sawas a mainstream medicalization of terrorism. This, in turn, was the tool employed to repackage the group'sestablished rhetoric, as self-starvation allowed RAF prisoners to literally embody their long-standing ' antifascism' and ' anti-imperialism '.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)32-59
Número de páginas28
PublicaciónGerman History
Volumen27
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 ene 2009

Huella dactilar

Factions
Hunger
Red Army
Art
Prison
Communication
Group Identity
Discursive
Prisoners
Anti-imperialism
Religion
Founding
Rhetoric
Anti-Fascism
Medicalization
Holy
Suicide
Terrorism
Terrorist

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History

Citar esto

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The art of hunger : Self-Starvation in the red army faction. / Passmore, Leith.

En: German History, Vol. 27, N.º 1, 01.01.2009, p. 32-59.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

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AB - The founding generation of the Red Army Faction (RAF), a West German terrorist group, spent two frenzied years in the underground followed by five years in prison, culminating with the suicides of the group's leadersin 1976 and 1977. This paper examines the prison hunger strikes of the RAF as structured acts of communication that together with accompanying texts were central to a sustained media campaign run fromwithin prison. It examines the internal and external prison communication networks established to enable the coordination of the strikes as well as the discursive functions of the self-starvation of the RAF members. Within the prison system hunger was constructed as ' holy ' and ascribed a pseudo-religious function used tosupport a group identity and maintain an internal group discipline. In the texts produced for publication beyondthe prison walls, however, hunger became a central element in the RAF strategy to counter what it sawas a mainstream medicalization of terrorism. This, in turn, was the tool employed to repackage the group'sestablished rhetoric, as self-starvation allowed RAF prisoners to literally embody their long-standing ' antifascism' and ' anti-imperialism '.

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KW - Meinhof

KW - Performativity

KW - Prison communication

KW - Prison protest

KW - Red Army Faction

KW - Terrorism

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