The Araucaria Project: An improved distance to the Sculptor spiral galaxy NGC 300 from its Cepheid variables

Wolfgang Gieren, Grzegorz Pietrzyński, Alistair Walker, Fabio Bresolin, Dante Minniti, Rolf Peter Kudritzki, Andrzej Udalski, Igor Soszyński, Pascal Fouqué, Jesper Storm, Giuseppe Bono

Resultado de la investigación: Article

41 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

In a previous paper, we reported on the discovery of more than a hundred new Cepheid variables in the Sculptor Group spiral galaxy NGC 300 from wide-field images taken in the B and Vphotometric bands at ESO/La Silla. In this paper, we present additional VI data, derive improved periods and mean magnitudes for the variables, and construct period-luminosity relations in the V, I, and the reddening-independent V - I Wesenheit bands using 58 Cepheid variables with periods between 11 and 90 days. We obtain tightly defined relations, and by fitting the slopes determined for the LMC Cepheids by the OGLE II Project we obtain reddening-corrected distances to the galaxy in all bands, which show a slight offset to each other in the sense that the Wesenheit relation yields the smallest distance, whereas the I- and V-band distances are larger by 0.094 and 0.155 mag, respectively. We adopt as our best value the distance derived from the reddening-free Wesenheit magnitudes, which is 26.43 ± 0.04(random) ±0.05 (systematic) mag. The distance moduli from both the Vand I bands agree perfectly with the Wesenheit value if one assumes an additional reddening of E(B - V) = 0.05 mag intrinsic to NGC 300, in addition to the Galactic foreground reddening toward NGC 300 of 0.025 mag. Such a modest intrinsic reddening is supported by recent Hubble Space Telescope (HST) images of NGC 300, which show that this galaxy is relatively dustfree but also reveal that there must be some dust absorption in NGC 300. We argue that our current distance result for NGC 300 is the most accurate that has so far been obtained using Cepheid variables and that it is largely free from systematic effects due to metallicity, blending, and sample selection. It agrees very well with the recent distance determination from the tip of the red giant branch method obtained from HST data by Butler and coworkers, and it is consistent with the Cepheid distance to NGC 300 that was derived by Freedman and coworkers from CCD photometry of a smaller sample of stars.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)1167-1176
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónAstronomical Journal
Volumen128
N.º3 1785
DOI
EstadoPublished - sep 2004

Huella dactilar

cepheid variables
spiral galaxies
dust
Hubble Space Telescope
galaxies
project
extremely high frequencies
European Southern Observatory
metallicity
photometry
charge coupled devices
luminosity
slopes
stars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Citar esto

Gieren, W., Pietrzyński, G., Walker, A., Bresolin, F., Minniti, D., Kudritzki, R. P., ... Bono, G. (2004). The Araucaria Project: An improved distance to the Sculptor spiral galaxy NGC 300 from its Cepheid variables. Astronomical Journal, 128(3 1785), 1167-1176. https://doi.org/10.1086/422924
Gieren, Wolfgang ; Pietrzyński, Grzegorz ; Walker, Alistair ; Bresolin, Fabio ; Minniti, Dante ; Kudritzki, Rolf Peter ; Udalski, Andrzej ; Soszyński, Igor ; Fouqué, Pascal ; Storm, Jesper ; Bono, Giuseppe. / The Araucaria Project : An improved distance to the Sculptor spiral galaxy NGC 300 from its Cepheid variables. En: Astronomical Journal. 2004 ; Vol. 128, N.º 3 1785. pp. 1167-1176.
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abstract = "In a previous paper, we reported on the discovery of more than a hundred new Cepheid variables in the Sculptor Group spiral galaxy NGC 300 from wide-field images taken in the B and Vphotometric bands at ESO/La Silla. In this paper, we present additional VI data, derive improved periods and mean magnitudes for the variables, and construct period-luminosity relations in the V, I, and the reddening-independent V - I Wesenheit bands using 58 Cepheid variables with periods between 11 and 90 days. We obtain tightly defined relations, and by fitting the slopes determined for the LMC Cepheids by the OGLE II Project we obtain reddening-corrected distances to the galaxy in all bands, which show a slight offset to each other in the sense that the Wesenheit relation yields the smallest distance, whereas the I- and V-band distances are larger by 0.094 and 0.155 mag, respectively. We adopt as our best value the distance derived from the reddening-free Wesenheit magnitudes, which is 26.43 ± 0.04(random) ±0.05 (systematic) mag. The distance moduli from both the Vand I bands agree perfectly with the Wesenheit value if one assumes an additional reddening of E(B - V) = 0.05 mag intrinsic to NGC 300, in addition to the Galactic foreground reddening toward NGC 300 of 0.025 mag. Such a modest intrinsic reddening is supported by recent Hubble Space Telescope (HST) images of NGC 300, which show that this galaxy is relatively dustfree but also reveal that there must be some dust absorption in NGC 300. We argue that our current distance result for NGC 300 is the most accurate that has so far been obtained using Cepheid variables and that it is largely free from systematic effects due to metallicity, blending, and sample selection. It agrees very well with the recent distance determination from the tip of the red giant branch method obtained from HST data by Butler and coworkers, and it is consistent with the Cepheid distance to NGC 300 that was derived by Freedman and coworkers from CCD photometry of a smaller sample of stars.",
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Gieren, W, Pietrzyński, G, Walker, A, Bresolin, F, Minniti, D, Kudritzki, RP, Udalski, A, Soszyński, I, Fouqué, P, Storm, J & Bono, G 2004, 'The Araucaria Project: An improved distance to the Sculptor spiral galaxy NGC 300 from its Cepheid variables', Astronomical Journal, vol. 128, n.º 3 1785, pp. 1167-1176. https://doi.org/10.1086/422924

The Araucaria Project : An improved distance to the Sculptor spiral galaxy NGC 300 from its Cepheid variables. / Gieren, Wolfgang; Pietrzyński, Grzegorz; Walker, Alistair; Bresolin, Fabio; Minniti, Dante; Kudritzki, Rolf Peter; Udalski, Andrzej; Soszyński, Igor; Fouqué, Pascal; Storm, Jesper; Bono, Giuseppe.

En: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 128, N.º 3 1785, 09.2004, p. 1167-1176.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Araucaria Project

T2 - An improved distance to the Sculptor spiral galaxy NGC 300 from its Cepheid variables

AU - Gieren, Wolfgang

AU - Pietrzyński, Grzegorz

AU - Walker, Alistair

AU - Bresolin, Fabio

AU - Minniti, Dante

AU - Kudritzki, Rolf Peter

AU - Udalski, Andrzej

AU - Soszyński, Igor

AU - Fouqué, Pascal

AU - Storm, Jesper

AU - Bono, Giuseppe

PY - 2004/9

Y1 - 2004/9

N2 - In a previous paper, we reported on the discovery of more than a hundred new Cepheid variables in the Sculptor Group spiral galaxy NGC 300 from wide-field images taken in the B and Vphotometric bands at ESO/La Silla. In this paper, we present additional VI data, derive improved periods and mean magnitudes for the variables, and construct period-luminosity relations in the V, I, and the reddening-independent V - I Wesenheit bands using 58 Cepheid variables with periods between 11 and 90 days. We obtain tightly defined relations, and by fitting the slopes determined for the LMC Cepheids by the OGLE II Project we obtain reddening-corrected distances to the galaxy in all bands, which show a slight offset to each other in the sense that the Wesenheit relation yields the smallest distance, whereas the I- and V-band distances are larger by 0.094 and 0.155 mag, respectively. We adopt as our best value the distance derived from the reddening-free Wesenheit magnitudes, which is 26.43 ± 0.04(random) ±0.05 (systematic) mag. The distance moduli from both the Vand I bands agree perfectly with the Wesenheit value if one assumes an additional reddening of E(B - V) = 0.05 mag intrinsic to NGC 300, in addition to the Galactic foreground reddening toward NGC 300 of 0.025 mag. Such a modest intrinsic reddening is supported by recent Hubble Space Telescope (HST) images of NGC 300, which show that this galaxy is relatively dustfree but also reveal that there must be some dust absorption in NGC 300. We argue that our current distance result for NGC 300 is the most accurate that has so far been obtained using Cepheid variables and that it is largely free from systematic effects due to metallicity, blending, and sample selection. It agrees very well with the recent distance determination from the tip of the red giant branch method obtained from HST data by Butler and coworkers, and it is consistent with the Cepheid distance to NGC 300 that was derived by Freedman and coworkers from CCD photometry of a smaller sample of stars.

AB - In a previous paper, we reported on the discovery of more than a hundred new Cepheid variables in the Sculptor Group spiral galaxy NGC 300 from wide-field images taken in the B and Vphotometric bands at ESO/La Silla. In this paper, we present additional VI data, derive improved periods and mean magnitudes for the variables, and construct period-luminosity relations in the V, I, and the reddening-independent V - I Wesenheit bands using 58 Cepheid variables with periods between 11 and 90 days. We obtain tightly defined relations, and by fitting the slopes determined for the LMC Cepheids by the OGLE II Project we obtain reddening-corrected distances to the galaxy in all bands, which show a slight offset to each other in the sense that the Wesenheit relation yields the smallest distance, whereas the I- and V-band distances are larger by 0.094 and 0.155 mag, respectively. We adopt as our best value the distance derived from the reddening-free Wesenheit magnitudes, which is 26.43 ± 0.04(random) ±0.05 (systematic) mag. The distance moduli from both the Vand I bands agree perfectly with the Wesenheit value if one assumes an additional reddening of E(B - V) = 0.05 mag intrinsic to NGC 300, in addition to the Galactic foreground reddening toward NGC 300 of 0.025 mag. Such a modest intrinsic reddening is supported by recent Hubble Space Telescope (HST) images of NGC 300, which show that this galaxy is relatively dustfree but also reveal that there must be some dust absorption in NGC 300. We argue that our current distance result for NGC 300 is the most accurate that has so far been obtained using Cepheid variables and that it is largely free from systematic effects due to metallicity, blending, and sample selection. It agrees very well with the recent distance determination from the tip of the red giant branch method obtained from HST data by Butler and coworkers, and it is consistent with the Cepheid distance to NGC 300 that was derived by Freedman and coworkers from CCD photometry of a smaller sample of stars.

KW - Cepheids

KW - Distance scale

KW - Galaxies: distances and redshifts

KW - Galaxies: individual (NGC 300)

KW - Galaxies: stellar content

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