The addition of blood flow restriction to resistance exercise in individuals with knee pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Iván Cuyul-Vásquez, Alejandro Leiva-Sepúlveda, Oscar Catalán-Medalla, Felipe Araya-Quintanilla, Hector Gutiérrez-Espinoza

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de revisiónrevisión exhaustiva

5 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: Blood flow restriction (BFR) is an effective clinical intervention used to increase strength in healthy individuals. However, its effects on pain and function in individuals with knee pain are unknown. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of adding BFR to resistance exercise for pain relief and improvement of function improvement in patients with knee pain. Methods: design: Systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Data sources: Medline, Central, Embase, PEDro, Lilacs, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception to May 2019. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies: Randomized clinical trials that compared resistance exercise with or without BFR to treat knee pain and function in individuals older than 18 years of age with knee pain. Results: Eight randomized clinical trials met the eligibility criteria and for the quantitative synthesis, five studies were included. The pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) estimate showed that resistance exercises with BFR was not more effective than resistance exercises for reducing pain (SMD: −0.37 cm, 95% CI = −0.93, 0.19) and improving knee function (SMD = −0.23 points, 95% CI = −0.71, 0.26) in patients with knee pain. Conclusion: In the short term, there is low quality of evidence that resistance exercise with BFR does not provide significant differences in pain relief and knee function compared to resistance exercises in patients with knee pain. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42018102839.

Idioma originalInglés
PublicaciónBrazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
DOI
EstadoEn prensa - 2020
Publicado de forma externa

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Ortopedia y medicina del deporte
  • Terapia física, deportiva y rehabilitación
  • Rehabilitación

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