Tectonic styles and crustal shortening of the Central Andes “Pampean” flat-slab segment in northern Chile (27–29°S)

Fernando Martínez, César Arriagada, Matías Peña, Katja Deckart, Reynaldo Charrier

Resultado de la investigación: Article

11 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The Andean orogenic belt, located in the Central Andes “Pampean flat-slab” segment in northern Chile (27–29°S), is composed of two major tectonic regions: the Coastal Cordillera and the Frontal Cordillera. To understand their internal tectonic styles, history of growth and the shortening absorbed by the upper crustal structure of this segment, we combined regional geological mapping data, new ages obtained from radiometric U–Pb dating, and a semibalanced and restored cross-section 225.18 km in length. The results as shown in the previous Mesozoic extensional fault systems, established in northern Chile by the Gondwana breakup, have played a fundamental role in the orogenic buildup. The central structure is characterized by an asymmetric basin (Upper Cretaceous–Paleocene) confined by a doubly vergent fault system composed of inverted faults related to the edges of the Mesozoic Chañarcillo and Lautaro Basins. The U–Pb geochronological data obtained from synorogenic volcano-sedimentary deposits and the angular unconformities recorded between the Cenozoic geological units have revealed that the compressive deformation in this segment started at around ~ 80 Ma by tectonic inversion in the eastern Coastal Cordillera and western Frontal Cordillera, however, the presence of Paleocene and Miocene synorogenic successions at the footwall of the basement reverse faults of the Frontal Cordillera suggests a migration of Andean deformation from the west to the east during the Paleocene–Miocene by propagation of ramps involving inherited basement highs. The pre-compression restoration makes it possible to estimate 40.94 km of minimum shortening, concentrated by inversion anticlines and fault-controlled basement highs across the Frontal Cordillera.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)144-162
Número de páginas19
PublicaciónTectonophysics
Volumen667
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 ene 2016

Huella dactilar

crustal shortening
Chile
basements
cordillera
tectonics
slab
slabs
inversions
anticlines
ramps
dating
restoration
volcanoes
deposits
histories
inversion tectonics
propagation
geological mapping
reverse fault
estimates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Citar esto

Martínez, Fernando ; Arriagada, César ; Peña, Matías ; Deckart, Katja ; Charrier, Reynaldo. / Tectonic styles and crustal shortening of the Central Andes “Pampean” flat-slab segment in northern Chile (27–29°S). En: Tectonophysics. 2016 ; Vol. 667. pp. 144-162.
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abstract = "The Andean orogenic belt, located in the Central Andes “Pampean flat-slab” segment in northern Chile (27–29°S), is composed of two major tectonic regions: the Coastal Cordillera and the Frontal Cordillera. To understand their internal tectonic styles, history of growth and the shortening absorbed by the upper crustal structure of this segment, we combined regional geological mapping data, new ages obtained from radiometric U–Pb dating, and a semibalanced and restored cross-section 225.18 km in length. The results as shown in the previous Mesozoic extensional fault systems, established in northern Chile by the Gondwana breakup, have played a fundamental role in the orogenic buildup. The central structure is characterized by an asymmetric basin (Upper Cretaceous–Paleocene) confined by a doubly vergent fault system composed of inverted faults related to the edges of the Mesozoic Cha{\~n}arcillo and Lautaro Basins. The U–Pb geochronological data obtained from synorogenic volcano-sedimentary deposits and the angular unconformities recorded between the Cenozoic geological units have revealed that the compressive deformation in this segment started at around ~ 80 Ma by tectonic inversion in the eastern Coastal Cordillera and western Frontal Cordillera, however, the presence of Paleocene and Miocene synorogenic successions at the footwall of the basement reverse faults of the Frontal Cordillera suggests a migration of Andean deformation from the west to the east during the Paleocene–Miocene by propagation of ramps involving inherited basement highs. The pre-compression restoration makes it possible to estimate 40.94 km of minimum shortening, concentrated by inversion anticlines and fault-controlled basement highs across the Frontal Cordillera.",
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Tectonic styles and crustal shortening of the Central Andes “Pampean” flat-slab segment in northern Chile (27–29°S). / Martínez, Fernando; Arriagada, César; Peña, Matías; Deckart, Katja; Charrier, Reynaldo.

En: Tectonophysics, Vol. 667, 01.01.2016, p. 144-162.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tectonic styles and crustal shortening of the Central Andes “Pampean” flat-slab segment in northern Chile (27–29°S)

AU - Martínez, Fernando

AU - Arriagada, César

AU - Peña, Matías

AU - Deckart, Katja

AU - Charrier, Reynaldo

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - The Andean orogenic belt, located in the Central Andes “Pampean flat-slab” segment in northern Chile (27–29°S), is composed of two major tectonic regions: the Coastal Cordillera and the Frontal Cordillera. To understand their internal tectonic styles, history of growth and the shortening absorbed by the upper crustal structure of this segment, we combined regional geological mapping data, new ages obtained from radiometric U–Pb dating, and a semibalanced and restored cross-section 225.18 km in length. The results as shown in the previous Mesozoic extensional fault systems, established in northern Chile by the Gondwana breakup, have played a fundamental role in the orogenic buildup. The central structure is characterized by an asymmetric basin (Upper Cretaceous–Paleocene) confined by a doubly vergent fault system composed of inverted faults related to the edges of the Mesozoic Chañarcillo and Lautaro Basins. The U–Pb geochronological data obtained from synorogenic volcano-sedimentary deposits and the angular unconformities recorded between the Cenozoic geological units have revealed that the compressive deformation in this segment started at around ~ 80 Ma by tectonic inversion in the eastern Coastal Cordillera and western Frontal Cordillera, however, the presence of Paleocene and Miocene synorogenic successions at the footwall of the basement reverse faults of the Frontal Cordillera suggests a migration of Andean deformation from the west to the east during the Paleocene–Miocene by propagation of ramps involving inherited basement highs. The pre-compression restoration makes it possible to estimate 40.94 km of minimum shortening, concentrated by inversion anticlines and fault-controlled basement highs across the Frontal Cordillera.

AB - The Andean orogenic belt, located in the Central Andes “Pampean flat-slab” segment in northern Chile (27–29°S), is composed of two major tectonic regions: the Coastal Cordillera and the Frontal Cordillera. To understand their internal tectonic styles, history of growth and the shortening absorbed by the upper crustal structure of this segment, we combined regional geological mapping data, new ages obtained from radiometric U–Pb dating, and a semibalanced and restored cross-section 225.18 km in length. The results as shown in the previous Mesozoic extensional fault systems, established in northern Chile by the Gondwana breakup, have played a fundamental role in the orogenic buildup. The central structure is characterized by an asymmetric basin (Upper Cretaceous–Paleocene) confined by a doubly vergent fault system composed of inverted faults related to the edges of the Mesozoic Chañarcillo and Lautaro Basins. The U–Pb geochronological data obtained from synorogenic volcano-sedimentary deposits and the angular unconformities recorded between the Cenozoic geological units have revealed that the compressive deformation in this segment started at around ~ 80 Ma by tectonic inversion in the eastern Coastal Cordillera and western Frontal Cordillera, however, the presence of Paleocene and Miocene synorogenic successions at the footwall of the basement reverse faults of the Frontal Cordillera suggests a migration of Andean deformation from the west to the east during the Paleocene–Miocene by propagation of ramps involving inherited basement highs. The pre-compression restoration makes it possible to estimate 40.94 km of minimum shortening, concentrated by inversion anticlines and fault-controlled basement highs across the Frontal Cordillera.

KW - Doubly vergent fault system

KW - Flat-slab segment

KW - Inverted fault

KW - Mesozoic extensional fault systems

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