«También ayudar o facilitar la búsqueda de trabajo». Discursos de interventoras/es en situaciones de trabajo infantil de programas del SENAME1 en la Comuna de Valparaíso (Chile)

Eduardo Bustos, Mauricio Sánchez-Aliaga

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva


Introduction. This article focuses on child labour intervention processes from a governmental viewpoint. We analysed the discourses of interveners in childhood programmes that address Child Labour (CL) situations in the Commune of Valparaíso (Chile). Methodology. A qualitative study design was followed. A total of 9 individual interviews were conducted together with 2 discussion groups with 19 interveners which were then analysed using the Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) method. Results. Criticisms were formulated of the intervention model designed by institutional mechanisms that address violations of the rights of Children and Adolescents (CA), including CL. This critique implies reinterpreting practices based on affective approaches to address the problem. The intervention distances itself from the prohibitionist approach and would address CL only in situations that affect educational processes or involve risky jobs. In the case of specific family contexts and children profiles, some CL modalities are considered protective and beneficial, and are incorporated into intervention processes. Finally, we argue that the subjectivisation processes of working children and adolescents respond to scenarios marked by the restitution of their rights and, if applicable, the educational reintegration and resignification of the violation, but also by a justification of the work activity. Discussion. By reinterpreting the practices, it would be possible to modify governmental mechanisms, reordering the expectations and experiences of the children and the effects of institutional frameworks. Conclusions. The study provides an additional interpretation of child labour, emphasizing the tensions existing within the intervention and operational processes to achieve results for children and adolescents whose rights have been violated. To conclude, interventions will depend on the type of work and the intervener’s interpretation. A rationalization of prohibitionism, a low level of recognition of work as a violation of rights, and a justification of work activity were found. As a result, no critical subjectivisation of CL is taking place. The scope of application of the study results is limited to interveners in the Commune of Valparaíso and its institutional framework. It would therefore be relevant to investigate other mechanisms in the region and in Chile as a whole. In this way, it would be possible to identify differences and similarities in the way interveners construct the problem.

Título traducido de la contribución«Also helping or facilitating the search for work». Discourses of intervenors in child labour situations from SENAME2 programmes in the Valparaiso Commune (Chile)
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)335-358
Número de páginas24
EstadoPublicada - 2023

Palabras clave

  • child labour
  • discourses
  • social intervention
  • social programme

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Estudios culturales
  • Antropología
  • Historia
  • Enfermería (miscelánea)


Profundice en los temas de investigación de '«También ayudar o facilitar la búsqueda de trabajo». Discursos de interventoras/es en situaciones de trabajo infantil de programas del SENAME1 en la Comuna de Valparaíso (Chile)'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

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