Synergism between NSAIDs in the orofacial formalin test in mice

H. F. Miranda, F. Sierralta, J. C. Prieto

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

36 Citas (Scopus)


Opioids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used to relieve acute and chronic pain. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of interaction between dexketoprofen and NSAID examples of COXs inhibitors using the isobolographic analysis in the formalin orofacial test in mice. The drugs, i.p., induced a dose-dependent antinociception with different potencies in both test phases. Combinations of dexketoprofen with naproxen, nimesulide, ibuprofen or paracetamol on the basis of the fixed ratio (1:1) of their ED50's values alone demonstrated synergism in both phases. This is important since the orofacial pain is a test not currently used in mice; the drugs are all analgesic for humans and phase II is representative of inflammatory pain. The synergism was: COX-3 > COX-2 > COX-1 inhibitors, this is particularly interesting since the inhibitor of COX-3, paracetamol, displayed a robust anti-inflammatory activity in an assay of acute and inflammatory pain that mimics inflammatory pain in humans. In conclusion, the synergism of the dexketoprofen/NSAID combinations may improve this type of therapeutic profile, since with low doses of the components, side effects are not likely to occur, and they may be used in long-term treatments.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)314-318
Número de páginas5
PublicaciónPharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior
EstadoPublicada - abr 2009

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Bioquímica
  • Bioquímica clínica
  • Farmacología
  • Toxicología
  • Psicobiología
  • Psiquiatría biológica


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