Stigmatization of psychiatrists and general practitioners

results of an international survey

Wolfgang Gaebel, Harald Zäske, Jürgen Zielasek, Helen Rose Cleveland, Kathrin Samjeske, Heather Stuart, Julio Arboleda-Florez, Tsuyoshi Akiyama, Anja E. Baumann, Oye Gureje, Miguel R. Jorge, Marianne Kastrup, Yuriko Suzuki, Allan Tasman, Thiago M. Fidalgo, Marek Jarema, Sarah B. Johnson, Lola Kola, Dzmytry Krupchanka, Veronica Larach & 8 otros Lyndy Matthews, Graham Mellsop, David M. Ndetei, Tarek A. Okasha, Ekaterina Padalko, Joyce A. Spurgeoun, Magdalena Tyszkowska, Norman Sartorius

Resultado de la investigación: Article

22 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The stigma of mental illness affects psychiatry as a medical profession and psychiatrists. The present study aimed to compare the extent and correlation patterns of perceived stigma in psychiatrists and general practitioners. An international multicenter survey was conducted in psychiatrists and general practitioners from twelve countries. Responses were received from N = 1,893 psychiatrists and N = 1,238 general practitioners. Aspects of stigma assessed in the questionnaire included perceived stigma, self-stigma (stereotype agreement), attitudes toward the other profession, and experiences of discrimination. Psychiatrists reported significantly higher perceived stigma and discrimination experiences than general practitioners. Separate multiple regression analyses showed different predictor patterns of perceived stigma in the two groups. Hence, in the psychiatrists group, perceived stigma correlated best with discrimination experiences and self-stigma, while in the general practitioners group it correlated best with self-stigma. About 17 % of the psychiatrists perceive stigma as a serious problem, with a higher rate in younger respondents. Against this background, psychiatry as a medical profession should set a high priority on improving the training of young graduates. Despite the number of existing antistigma interventions targeting mental health professionals and medical students, further measures to improve the image of psychiatry and psychiatrists are warranted, in particular improving the training of young graduates with respect to raising awareness of own stigmatizing attitudes and to develop a better profession-related self-assertiveness.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)189-197
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónEuropean Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
Volumen265
N.º3
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 ene 2015

Huella dactilar

Stereotyping
General Practitioners
Psychiatry
Surveys and Questionnaires
Assertiveness
Medical Students
Mental Health
Regression Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Citar esto

Gaebel, W., Zäske, H., Zielasek, J., Cleveland, H. R., Samjeske, K., Stuart, H., ... Sartorius, N. (2015). Stigmatization of psychiatrists and general practitioners: results of an international survey. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 265(3), 189-197. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00406-014-0530-8
Gaebel, Wolfgang ; Zäske, Harald ; Zielasek, Jürgen ; Cleveland, Helen Rose ; Samjeske, Kathrin ; Stuart, Heather ; Arboleda-Florez, Julio ; Akiyama, Tsuyoshi ; Baumann, Anja E. ; Gureje, Oye ; Jorge, Miguel R. ; Kastrup, Marianne ; Suzuki, Yuriko ; Tasman, Allan ; Fidalgo, Thiago M. ; Jarema, Marek ; Johnson, Sarah B. ; Kola, Lola ; Krupchanka, Dzmytry ; Larach, Veronica ; Matthews, Lyndy ; Mellsop, Graham ; Ndetei, David M. ; Okasha, Tarek A. ; Padalko, Ekaterina ; Spurgeoun, Joyce A. ; Tyszkowska, Magdalena ; Sartorius, Norman. / Stigmatization of psychiatrists and general practitioners : results of an international survey. En: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience. 2015 ; Vol. 265, N.º 3. pp. 189-197.
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abstract = "The stigma of mental illness affects psychiatry as a medical profession and psychiatrists. The present study aimed to compare the extent and correlation patterns of perceived stigma in psychiatrists and general practitioners. An international multicenter survey was conducted in psychiatrists and general practitioners from twelve countries. Responses were received from N = 1,893 psychiatrists and N = 1,238 general practitioners. Aspects of stigma assessed in the questionnaire included perceived stigma, self-stigma (stereotype agreement), attitudes toward the other profession, and experiences of discrimination. Psychiatrists reported significantly higher perceived stigma and discrimination experiences than general practitioners. Separate multiple regression analyses showed different predictor patterns of perceived stigma in the two groups. Hence, in the psychiatrists group, perceived stigma correlated best with discrimination experiences and self-stigma, while in the general practitioners group it correlated best with self-stigma. About 17 {\%} of the psychiatrists perceive stigma as a serious problem, with a higher rate in younger respondents. Against this background, psychiatry as a medical profession should set a high priority on improving the training of young graduates. Despite the number of existing antistigma interventions targeting mental health professionals and medical students, further measures to improve the image of psychiatry and psychiatrists are warranted, in particular improving the training of young graduates with respect to raising awareness of own stigmatizing attitudes and to develop a better profession-related self-assertiveness.",
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Gaebel, W, Zäske, H, Zielasek, J, Cleveland, HR, Samjeske, K, Stuart, H, Arboleda-Florez, J, Akiyama, T, Baumann, AE, Gureje, O, Jorge, MR, Kastrup, M, Suzuki, Y, Tasman, A, Fidalgo, TM, Jarema, M, Johnson, SB, Kola, L, Krupchanka, D, Larach, V, Matthews, L, Mellsop, G, Ndetei, DM, Okasha, TA, Padalko, E, Spurgeoun, JA, Tyszkowska, M & Sartorius, N 2015, 'Stigmatization of psychiatrists and general practitioners: results of an international survey', European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, vol. 265, n.º 3, pp. 189-197. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00406-014-0530-8

Stigmatization of psychiatrists and general practitioners : results of an international survey. / Gaebel, Wolfgang; Zäske, Harald; Zielasek, Jürgen; Cleveland, Helen Rose; Samjeske, Kathrin; Stuart, Heather; Arboleda-Florez, Julio; Akiyama, Tsuyoshi; Baumann, Anja E.; Gureje, Oye; Jorge, Miguel R.; Kastrup, Marianne; Suzuki, Yuriko; Tasman, Allan; Fidalgo, Thiago M.; Jarema, Marek; Johnson, Sarah B.; Kola, Lola; Krupchanka, Dzmytry; Larach, Veronica; Matthews, Lyndy; Mellsop, Graham; Ndetei, David M.; Okasha, Tarek A.; Padalko, Ekaterina; Spurgeoun, Joyce A.; Tyszkowska, Magdalena; Sartorius, Norman.

En: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, Vol. 265, N.º 3, 01.01.2015, p. 189-197.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stigmatization of psychiatrists and general practitioners

T2 - results of an international survey

AU - Gaebel, Wolfgang

AU - Zäske, Harald

AU - Zielasek, Jürgen

AU - Cleveland, Helen Rose

AU - Samjeske, Kathrin

AU - Stuart, Heather

AU - Arboleda-Florez, Julio

AU - Akiyama, Tsuyoshi

AU - Baumann, Anja E.

AU - Gureje, Oye

AU - Jorge, Miguel R.

AU - Kastrup, Marianne

AU - Suzuki, Yuriko

AU - Tasman, Allan

AU - Fidalgo, Thiago M.

AU - Jarema, Marek

AU - Johnson, Sarah B.

AU - Kola, Lola

AU - Krupchanka, Dzmytry

AU - Larach, Veronica

AU - Matthews, Lyndy

AU - Mellsop, Graham

AU - Ndetei, David M.

AU - Okasha, Tarek A.

AU - Padalko, Ekaterina

AU - Spurgeoun, Joyce A.

AU - Tyszkowska, Magdalena

AU - Sartorius, Norman

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - The stigma of mental illness affects psychiatry as a medical profession and psychiatrists. The present study aimed to compare the extent and correlation patterns of perceived stigma in psychiatrists and general practitioners. An international multicenter survey was conducted in psychiatrists and general practitioners from twelve countries. Responses were received from N = 1,893 psychiatrists and N = 1,238 general practitioners. Aspects of stigma assessed in the questionnaire included perceived stigma, self-stigma (stereotype agreement), attitudes toward the other profession, and experiences of discrimination. Psychiatrists reported significantly higher perceived stigma and discrimination experiences than general practitioners. Separate multiple regression analyses showed different predictor patterns of perceived stigma in the two groups. Hence, in the psychiatrists group, perceived stigma correlated best with discrimination experiences and self-stigma, while in the general practitioners group it correlated best with self-stigma. About 17 % of the psychiatrists perceive stigma as a serious problem, with a higher rate in younger respondents. Against this background, psychiatry as a medical profession should set a high priority on improving the training of young graduates. Despite the number of existing antistigma interventions targeting mental health professionals and medical students, further measures to improve the image of psychiatry and psychiatrists are warranted, in particular improving the training of young graduates with respect to raising awareness of own stigmatizing attitudes and to develop a better profession-related self-assertiveness.

AB - The stigma of mental illness affects psychiatry as a medical profession and psychiatrists. The present study aimed to compare the extent and correlation patterns of perceived stigma in psychiatrists and general practitioners. An international multicenter survey was conducted in psychiatrists and general practitioners from twelve countries. Responses were received from N = 1,893 psychiatrists and N = 1,238 general practitioners. Aspects of stigma assessed in the questionnaire included perceived stigma, self-stigma (stereotype agreement), attitudes toward the other profession, and experiences of discrimination. Psychiatrists reported significantly higher perceived stigma and discrimination experiences than general practitioners. Separate multiple regression analyses showed different predictor patterns of perceived stigma in the two groups. Hence, in the psychiatrists group, perceived stigma correlated best with discrimination experiences and self-stigma, while in the general practitioners group it correlated best with self-stigma. About 17 % of the psychiatrists perceive stigma as a serious problem, with a higher rate in younger respondents. Against this background, psychiatry as a medical profession should set a high priority on improving the training of young graduates. Despite the number of existing antistigma interventions targeting mental health professionals and medical students, further measures to improve the image of psychiatry and psychiatrists are warranted, in particular improving the training of young graduates with respect to raising awareness of own stigmatizing attitudes and to develop a better profession-related self-assertiveness.

KW - Attitude survey

KW - General practitioners

KW - Psychiatrists

KW - Psychiatry

KW - Stigma

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U2 - 10.1007/s00406-014-0530-8

DO - 10.1007/s00406-014-0530-8

M3 - Article

VL - 265

SP - 189

EP - 197

JO - Archiv fur Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten

JF - Archiv fur Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten

SN - 0003-9373

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ER -