Specific gene transcription in yeast nuclei and chromatin by added homologous RNA polymerases I and II.

P. A. Tekamp, P. Valenzuela, T. Maynard, G. I. Bell, W. J. Rutter

Resultado de la investigación: Article

21 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

When treated at pH less than 4.5, yeast nuclei or chromatin lose endogenous RNA synthetic activity. This activity is regained by addition of exogenous RNA polymerases. The specificity of transcription in this system by homologous RNA polymerases I and III has been investigated by gel electrophoresis, hybridization analysis, and RNase T1 mapping. Exogenous RNA polymerase I selectively transcribes rRNA genes. The transcription of these genes by polymerase I is 30- and 8-fold more selective than RNA polymerase III and Escherichia coli polymerase holoenzyme, respectively. Exogenous RNA polymerase III synthesized RNAs similar in size to authentic 5 S RNA, 4.5 S pre-tRNA, and 4 S tRNA. Eleven per cent of this RNA is 5 S RNA as determined by hybridization. Neither polymerase I nor E. coli polymerase synthesizes detectable quantities of RNA in this size range. AT1 ribonuclease digestion of 5 S RNA synthesized by exogenous RNA polymerase III acting on acid-treated chromatin gives a fragment pattern corresponding to that of 5 S RNA. Thus, RNA polymerase III transcribes the entire 5 S gene in this system.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)955-963
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volumen254
N.º3
EstadoPublished - 10 feb 1979

Huella dactilar

RNA Polymerase I
RNA Polymerase II
Transcription
Yeast
Chromatin
RNA Polymerase III
Genes
Yeasts
RNA
Escherichia coli
Ribonuclease T1
Holoenzymes
RNA Precursors
DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases
Transfer RNA
Electrophoresis
rRNA Genes
Digestion
Gels
Acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Citar esto

Tekamp, P. A., Valenzuela, P., Maynard, T., Bell, G. I., & Rutter, W. J. (1979). Specific gene transcription in yeast nuclei and chromatin by added homologous RNA polymerases I and II. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 254(3), 955-963.
Tekamp, P. A. ; Valenzuela, P. ; Maynard, T. ; Bell, G. I. ; Rutter, W. J. / Specific gene transcription in yeast nuclei and chromatin by added homologous RNA polymerases I and II. En: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 1979 ; Vol. 254, N.º 3. pp. 955-963.
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Tekamp, PA, Valenzuela, P, Maynard, T, Bell, GI & Rutter, WJ 1979, 'Specific gene transcription in yeast nuclei and chromatin by added homologous RNA polymerases I and II.', Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 254, n.º 3, pp. 955-963.

Specific gene transcription in yeast nuclei and chromatin by added homologous RNA polymerases I and II. / Tekamp, P. A.; Valenzuela, P.; Maynard, T.; Bell, G. I.; Rutter, W. J.

En: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 254, N.º 3, 10.02.1979, p. 955-963.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

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AU - Bell, G. I.

AU - Rutter, W. J.

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N2 - When treated at pH less than 4.5, yeast nuclei or chromatin lose endogenous RNA synthetic activity. This activity is regained by addition of exogenous RNA polymerases. The specificity of transcription in this system by homologous RNA polymerases I and III has been investigated by gel electrophoresis, hybridization analysis, and RNase T1 mapping. Exogenous RNA polymerase I selectively transcribes rRNA genes. The transcription of these genes by polymerase I is 30- and 8-fold more selective than RNA polymerase III and Escherichia coli polymerase holoenzyme, respectively. Exogenous RNA polymerase III synthesized RNAs similar in size to authentic 5 S RNA, 4.5 S pre-tRNA, and 4 S tRNA. Eleven per cent of this RNA is 5 S RNA as determined by hybridization. Neither polymerase I nor E. coli polymerase synthesizes detectable quantities of RNA in this size range. AT1 ribonuclease digestion of 5 S RNA synthesized by exogenous RNA polymerase III acting on acid-treated chromatin gives a fragment pattern corresponding to that of 5 S RNA. Thus, RNA polymerase III transcribes the entire 5 S gene in this system.

AB - When treated at pH less than 4.5, yeast nuclei or chromatin lose endogenous RNA synthetic activity. This activity is regained by addition of exogenous RNA polymerases. The specificity of transcription in this system by homologous RNA polymerases I and III has been investigated by gel electrophoresis, hybridization analysis, and RNase T1 mapping. Exogenous RNA polymerase I selectively transcribes rRNA genes. The transcription of these genes by polymerase I is 30- and 8-fold more selective than RNA polymerase III and Escherichia coli polymerase holoenzyme, respectively. Exogenous RNA polymerase III synthesized RNAs similar in size to authentic 5 S RNA, 4.5 S pre-tRNA, and 4 S tRNA. Eleven per cent of this RNA is 5 S RNA as determined by hybridization. Neither polymerase I nor E. coli polymerase synthesizes detectable quantities of RNA in this size range. AT1 ribonuclease digestion of 5 S RNA synthesized by exogenous RNA polymerase III acting on acid-treated chromatin gives a fragment pattern corresponding to that of 5 S RNA. Thus, RNA polymerase III transcribes the entire 5 S gene in this system.

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