Specialized pro-resolving lipid mediators: The future of chronic pain therapy?

Mervin Chávez-Castillo, Ángel Ortega, Lorena Cudris-Torres, Pablo Duran, Milagros Rojas, Alexander Manzano, Bermary Garrido, Juan Salazar, Aljadis Silva, Diana Marcela Rojas-Gomez, Juan B. De Sanctis, Valmore Bermúdez

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de revisiónrevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Chronic pain (CP) is a severe clinical entity with devastating physical and emotional con-sequences for patients, which can occur in a myriad of diseases. Often, conventional treatment ap-proaches appear to be insufficient for its management. Moreover, considering the adverse effects of traditional analgesic treatments, specialized pro-resolving lipid mediators (SPMs) have emerged as a promising alternative for CP. These include various bioactive molecules such as resolvins, maresins, and protectins, derived from ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs); and lipoxins, pro-duced from ω-6 PUFAs. Indeed, SPMs have been demonstrated to play a central role in the regulation and resolution of the inflammation associated with CP. Furthermore, these molecules can mod-ulate neuroinflammation and thus inhibit central and peripheral sensitizations, as well as long-term potentiation, via immunomodulation and regulation of nociceptor activity and neuronal pathways. In this context, preclinical and clinical studies have evidenced that the use of SPMs is beneficial in CP-related disorders, including rheumatic diseases, migraine, neuropathies, and others. This review integrates current preclinical and clinical knowledge on the role of SPMs as a potential therapeutic tool for the management of patients with CP.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo370
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volumen22
N.º19
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 oct 2021

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Catálisis
  • Biología molecular
  • Espectroscopia
  • Informática aplicada
  • Química física y teórica
  • Química orgánica
  • Química inorgánica

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