Skeletal Gene Expression in Nuclear Microenvironments

Gary S. Stein, Jane B. Lian, Martin Montecino, J. Van Wijnen, Janet L. Stein, Amjad Javed, Daniel W. Young, Mohammad Q. Hassan, Sayyed K. Zaidi

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a los tipos de informe/libroCapítulo

1 Cita (Scopus)

Resumen

Skeletal development and bone remodeling require stringent control of gene activation and suppression in response to physiological cues. This chapter focuses on contributions by several indices of nuclear architecture to the control of gene expression in bone cells. It presents cellular, biochemical, molecular, genetic, and epigenetic evidence for linkages of developmental and tissue-specific gene expression with the organization of transcriptional regulatory machinery in subnuclear compartments. The fidelity of gene regulation necessitates the coordination of transcription factor metabolism and the spatial organization of genes and regulatory proteins within the three-dimensional context of nuclear architecture. Using skeletal genes as a paradigm, this chapter addresses mechanisms that functionally organize the regulatory machinery for transcriptional activation and suppression as well as cell fate and lineage commitment during skeletal development and remodeling. It also provides evidence for consequences that result from perturbations in nuclear structure: gene expression interrelationships that are associated with skeletal disease and tumors that metastasize to bone. Finally, it suggests that there is emerging recognition that the placement of regulatory components of gene expression must be coordinated temporally and spatially to facilitate biological control. The consequences of breaches in nuclear structure-function relationships are observed in an expanding series of diseases that include cancer and neurological disorders.

Idioma originalInglés
Título de la publicación alojadaPrinciples of Bone Biology, Two-Volume Set
EditorialElsevier Inc.
Páginas263-283
Número de páginas21
Volumen1
ISBN (versión impresa)9780123738844
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 dic 2008

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Bioquímica, genética y biología molecular (todo)

Huella Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Skeletal Gene Expression in Nuclear Microenvironments'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

  • Citar esto

    Stein, G. S., Lian, J. B., Montecino, M., Van Wijnen, J., Stein, J. L., Javed, A., Young, D. W., Hassan, M. Q., & Zaidi, S. K. (2008). Skeletal Gene Expression in Nuclear Microenvironments. En Principles of Bone Biology, Two-Volume Set (Vol. 1, pp. 263-283). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-373884-4.00033-1