Role of donor-acceptor functional groups in N3P3 cyclic-triphosphazene backbone. Unraveling bonding characteristics from natural orbitals within an extended transition state-natural orbital for the chemical valence scheme

Cristian Linares-Flores, Rodrigo Ramirez-Tagle, Macarena Rojas-Poblete, Ramiro Arratia-Perez, Alvaro Muñoz-Castro, Raul Guajardo-Maturana

Resultado de la investigación: Article

Resumen

The formation of cyclophospazenes containing several ligands or substituent groups gives rise to an attractive derivative set, for development of novel applications, with variable properties. Here, it is possible to unravel the role of different functional groups attached to the N3P3 backbone, to reach a better understanding of the bonding character in the cyclic [─P─N─] skeleton. We employed the extended transition state-natural orbital for the chemical valence scheme to unravel the σ and π orbital kernels that are involved in the assembling of such structures, by varying the acceptor-donor characteristics of the ─CF3, ─NO2, ─COOH, ─CN, ─NH2, ─OH, and ─OCH3 groups, where ─NO2 behaves as a stronger electron-withdrawing substituent rather than ─CF3, ─COOH, and ─CN, denoting that the nature of the ligand-phosphazene interaction contributes to some degree to the bond strength of the cyclic [─P─N─] backbone. Our results reveal that the electron-withdrawing ─NO2 group leads to higher σ and π [─P─N─] orbital-energy contributions, which is reflected in a shortening of the [─P─N─] distance, contrasting with the case of electron-donating groups such as ─NH2, ─OH, and ─OCH3 within the phosphazene set. These insights allow further variation and modulation of the bonding in the [─P─N─] ring.

Idioma originalEnglish
Número de artículoe26057
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Quantum Chemistry
DOI
EstadoAccepted/In press - 1 ene 2019

Huella dactilar

Functional groups
valence
orbitals
phosphazene
Electrons
Ligands
ligands
Modulation
electrons
Derivatives
assembling
musculoskeletal system
modulation
rings
interactions
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Citar esto

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title = "Role of donor-acceptor functional groups in N3P3 cyclic-triphosphazene backbone. Unraveling bonding characteristics from natural orbitals within an extended transition state-natural orbital for the chemical valence scheme",
abstract = "The formation of cyclophospazenes containing several ligands or substituent groups gives rise to an attractive derivative set, for development of novel applications, with variable properties. Here, it is possible to unravel the role of different functional groups attached to the N3P3 backbone, to reach a better understanding of the bonding character in the cyclic [─P─N─] skeleton. We employed the extended transition state-natural orbital for the chemical valence scheme to unravel the σ and π orbital kernels that are involved in the assembling of such structures, by varying the acceptor-donor characteristics of the ─CF3, ─NO2, ─COOH, ─CN, ─NH2, ─OH, and ─OCH3 groups, where ─NO2 behaves as a stronger electron-withdrawing substituent rather than ─CF3, ─COOH, and ─CN, denoting that the nature of the ligand-phosphazene interaction contributes to some degree to the bond strength of the cyclic [─P─N─] backbone. Our results reveal that the electron-withdrawing ─NO2 group leads to higher σ and π [─P─N─] orbital-energy contributions, which is reflected in a shortening of the [─P─N─] distance, contrasting with the case of electron-donating groups such as ─NH2, ─OH, and ─OCH3 within the phosphazene set. These insights allow further variation and modulation of the bonding in the [─P─N─] ring.",
keywords = "cyclic-phosphazene, ETS-NOCV, sigma and pi contributions",
author = "Cristian Linares-Flores and Rodrigo Ramirez-Tagle and Macarena Rojas-Poblete and Ramiro Arratia-Perez and Alvaro Mu{\~n}oz-Castro and Raul Guajardo-Maturana",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/qua.26057",
language = "English",
journal = "International Journal of Quantum Chemistry",
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T1 - Role of donor-acceptor functional groups in N3P3 cyclic-triphosphazene backbone. Unraveling bonding characteristics from natural orbitals within an extended transition state-natural orbital for the chemical valence scheme

AU - Linares-Flores, Cristian

AU - Ramirez-Tagle, Rodrigo

AU - Rojas-Poblete, Macarena

AU - Arratia-Perez, Ramiro

AU - Muñoz-Castro, Alvaro

AU - Guajardo-Maturana, Raul

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - The formation of cyclophospazenes containing several ligands or substituent groups gives rise to an attractive derivative set, for development of novel applications, with variable properties. Here, it is possible to unravel the role of different functional groups attached to the N3P3 backbone, to reach a better understanding of the bonding character in the cyclic [─P─N─] skeleton. We employed the extended transition state-natural orbital for the chemical valence scheme to unravel the σ and π orbital kernels that are involved in the assembling of such structures, by varying the acceptor-donor characteristics of the ─CF3, ─NO2, ─COOH, ─CN, ─NH2, ─OH, and ─OCH3 groups, where ─NO2 behaves as a stronger electron-withdrawing substituent rather than ─CF3, ─COOH, and ─CN, denoting that the nature of the ligand-phosphazene interaction contributes to some degree to the bond strength of the cyclic [─P─N─] backbone. Our results reveal that the electron-withdrawing ─NO2 group leads to higher σ and π [─P─N─] orbital-energy contributions, which is reflected in a shortening of the [─P─N─] distance, contrasting with the case of electron-donating groups such as ─NH2, ─OH, and ─OCH3 within the phosphazene set. These insights allow further variation and modulation of the bonding in the [─P─N─] ring.

AB - The formation of cyclophospazenes containing several ligands or substituent groups gives rise to an attractive derivative set, for development of novel applications, with variable properties. Here, it is possible to unravel the role of different functional groups attached to the N3P3 backbone, to reach a better understanding of the bonding character in the cyclic [─P─N─] skeleton. We employed the extended transition state-natural orbital for the chemical valence scheme to unravel the σ and π orbital kernels that are involved in the assembling of such structures, by varying the acceptor-donor characteristics of the ─CF3, ─NO2, ─COOH, ─CN, ─NH2, ─OH, and ─OCH3 groups, where ─NO2 behaves as a stronger electron-withdrawing substituent rather than ─CF3, ─COOH, and ─CN, denoting that the nature of the ligand-phosphazene interaction contributes to some degree to the bond strength of the cyclic [─P─N─] backbone. Our results reveal that the electron-withdrawing ─NO2 group leads to higher σ and π [─P─N─] orbital-energy contributions, which is reflected in a shortening of the [─P─N─] distance, contrasting with the case of electron-donating groups such as ─NH2, ─OH, and ─OCH3 within the phosphazene set. These insights allow further variation and modulation of the bonding in the [─P─N─] ring.

KW - cyclic-phosphazene

KW - ETS-NOCV

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