Respuestas metabólicas inducidas por ejercicio físico de alta intensidad en mujeres sedentarias con glicemia basal alterada e hipercolesterolemia

Cristian Álvarez L., Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Marcelo Flores O., Carlos Henríquez-Olguín, Christian Campos J., Vanesa Carrasco, Cristian Martínez S., Carlos Celis-Morales

Resultado de la investigación: Article

11 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: High intensity training could be an effective way of improving health on individuals at high metabolic risk. Aim: To investigate the effects of a high intensity training intervention on metabolic-related markers in sedentary women at high metabolic risk. Material and Methods: Forty six sedentary women with a body mass index (BMI) over 25 kg/m2 were assigned to four groups, according to their metabolic profile; hyperglycemia (H, n = 12), hyperglycemia/ hypercholesterolemia (HH, n = 13), normoglycemia (N, n = 10) and normoglycemia/hypercholesterolemia (NH, n = 11). For 12 weeks and five days per week, subjects performed seven intervals of high intensity training (20 to 30 seconds) during a training session of 20 minutes. Anthropometric (body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference) and metabolic variables (glucose, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and TG) were measured at baseline, at 6 and 12 weeks of intervention. Results: BMI and waist circumference decreased significantly after 12 weeks of intervention. Similarly, glucose decreased significantly after 12 weeks of intervention in all groups. The reduction was of higher magnitude in those groups with hyperglycemia (H = -16%, HH = -22%, N = -7,5%, NH = -9,6%). However, lipid profile (TG, total cholesterol, LDL and HDL) improved significantly only in the hypercholesterolemic groups. Conclusions: Physical activity programs incorporating high intensity training can improve glucose and lipid profile in women with metabolic disorders. Moreover, this benefit is greatest in those individuals with highest metabolic burden.

Idioma originalSpanish
Páginas (desde-hasta)1293-1299
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónRevista Medica de Chile
Volumen141
N.º10
DOI
EstadoPublished - oct 2013

Huella dactilar

Hyperglycemia
Body Mass Index
Waist Circumference
Exercise
Hypercholesterolemia
Glucose
LDL Cholesterol
HDL Cholesterol
Lipids
Metabolome
Body Weight
Health
High-Intensity Interval Training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Citar esto

Álvarez L., Cristian ; Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo ; Flores O., Marcelo ; Henríquez-Olguín, Carlos ; Campos J., Christian ; Carrasco, Vanesa ; Martínez S., Cristian ; Celis-Morales, Carlos. / Respuestas metabólicas inducidas por ejercicio físico de alta intensidad en mujeres sedentarias con glicemia basal alterada e hipercolesterolemia. En: Revista Medica de Chile. 2013 ; Vol. 141, N.º 10. pp. 1293-1299.
@article{d27547f6f5bb4772a2a726163a32ee48,
title = "Respuestas metab{\'o}licas inducidas por ejercicio f{\'i}sico de alta intensidad en mujeres sedentarias con glicemia basal alterada e hipercolesterolemia",
abstract = "Background: High intensity training could be an effective way of improving health on individuals at high metabolic risk. Aim: To investigate the effects of a high intensity training intervention on metabolic-related markers in sedentary women at high metabolic risk. Material and Methods: Forty six sedentary women with a body mass index (BMI) over 25 kg/m2 were assigned to four groups, according to their metabolic profile; hyperglycemia (H, n = 12), hyperglycemia/ hypercholesterolemia (HH, n = 13), normoglycemia (N, n = 10) and normoglycemia/hypercholesterolemia (NH, n = 11). For 12 weeks and five days per week, subjects performed seven intervals of high intensity training (20 to 30 seconds) during a training session of 20 minutes. Anthropometric (body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference) and metabolic variables (glucose, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and TG) were measured at baseline, at 6 and 12 weeks of intervention. Results: BMI and waist circumference decreased significantly after 12 weeks of intervention. Similarly, glucose decreased significantly after 12 weeks of intervention in all groups. The reduction was of higher magnitude in those groups with hyperglycemia (H = -16{\%}, HH = -22{\%}, N = -7,5{\%}, NH = -9,6{\%}). However, lipid profile (TG, total cholesterol, LDL and HDL) improved significantly only in the hypercholesterolemic groups. Conclusions: Physical activity programs incorporating high intensity training can improve glucose and lipid profile in women with metabolic disorders. Moreover, this benefit is greatest in those individuals with highest metabolic burden.",
keywords = "Diabetes mellitus, Exercise, Hypercholesterolemia",
author = "{{\'A}lvarez L.}, Cristian and Rodrigo Ram{\'i}rez-Campillo and {Flores O.}, Marcelo and Carlos Henr{\'i}quez-Olgu{\'i}n and {Campos J.}, Christian and Vanesa Carrasco and {Mart{\'i}nez S.}, Cristian and Carlos Celis-Morales",
year = "2013",
month = "10",
doi = "10.4067/S0034-98872013001000008",
language = "Spanish",
volume = "141",
pages = "1293--1299",
journal = "Revista Medica de Chile",
issn = "0034-9887",
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number = "10",

}

Álvarez L., C, Ramírez-Campillo, R, Flores O., M, Henríquez-Olguín, C, Campos J., C, Carrasco, V, Martínez S., C & Celis-Morales, C 2013, 'Respuestas metabólicas inducidas por ejercicio físico de alta intensidad en mujeres sedentarias con glicemia basal alterada e hipercolesterolemia', Revista Medica de Chile, vol. 141, n.º 10, pp. 1293-1299. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872013001000008

Respuestas metabólicas inducidas por ejercicio físico de alta intensidad en mujeres sedentarias con glicemia basal alterada e hipercolesterolemia. / Álvarez L., Cristian; Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo; Flores O., Marcelo; Henríquez-Olguín, Carlos; Campos J., Christian; Carrasco, Vanesa; Martínez S., Cristian; Celis-Morales, Carlos.

En: Revista Medica de Chile, Vol. 141, N.º 10, 10.2013, p. 1293-1299.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Respuestas metabólicas inducidas por ejercicio físico de alta intensidad en mujeres sedentarias con glicemia basal alterada e hipercolesterolemia

AU - Álvarez L., Cristian

AU - Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo

AU - Flores O., Marcelo

AU - Henríquez-Olguín, Carlos

AU - Campos J., Christian

AU - Carrasco, Vanesa

AU - Martínez S., Cristian

AU - Celis-Morales, Carlos

PY - 2013/10

Y1 - 2013/10

N2 - Background: High intensity training could be an effective way of improving health on individuals at high metabolic risk. Aim: To investigate the effects of a high intensity training intervention on metabolic-related markers in sedentary women at high metabolic risk. Material and Methods: Forty six sedentary women with a body mass index (BMI) over 25 kg/m2 were assigned to four groups, according to their metabolic profile; hyperglycemia (H, n = 12), hyperglycemia/ hypercholesterolemia (HH, n = 13), normoglycemia (N, n = 10) and normoglycemia/hypercholesterolemia (NH, n = 11). For 12 weeks and five days per week, subjects performed seven intervals of high intensity training (20 to 30 seconds) during a training session of 20 minutes. Anthropometric (body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference) and metabolic variables (glucose, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and TG) were measured at baseline, at 6 and 12 weeks of intervention. Results: BMI and waist circumference decreased significantly after 12 weeks of intervention. Similarly, glucose decreased significantly after 12 weeks of intervention in all groups. The reduction was of higher magnitude in those groups with hyperglycemia (H = -16%, HH = -22%, N = -7,5%, NH = -9,6%). However, lipid profile (TG, total cholesterol, LDL and HDL) improved significantly only in the hypercholesterolemic groups. Conclusions: Physical activity programs incorporating high intensity training can improve glucose and lipid profile in women with metabolic disorders. Moreover, this benefit is greatest in those individuals with highest metabolic burden.

AB - Background: High intensity training could be an effective way of improving health on individuals at high metabolic risk. Aim: To investigate the effects of a high intensity training intervention on metabolic-related markers in sedentary women at high metabolic risk. Material and Methods: Forty six sedentary women with a body mass index (BMI) over 25 kg/m2 were assigned to four groups, according to their metabolic profile; hyperglycemia (H, n = 12), hyperglycemia/ hypercholesterolemia (HH, n = 13), normoglycemia (N, n = 10) and normoglycemia/hypercholesterolemia (NH, n = 11). For 12 weeks and five days per week, subjects performed seven intervals of high intensity training (20 to 30 seconds) during a training session of 20 minutes. Anthropometric (body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference) and metabolic variables (glucose, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and TG) were measured at baseline, at 6 and 12 weeks of intervention. Results: BMI and waist circumference decreased significantly after 12 weeks of intervention. Similarly, glucose decreased significantly after 12 weeks of intervention in all groups. The reduction was of higher magnitude in those groups with hyperglycemia (H = -16%, HH = -22%, N = -7,5%, NH = -9,6%). However, lipid profile (TG, total cholesterol, LDL and HDL) improved significantly only in the hypercholesterolemic groups. Conclusions: Physical activity programs incorporating high intensity training can improve glucose and lipid profile in women with metabolic disorders. Moreover, this benefit is greatest in those individuals with highest metabolic burden.

KW - Diabetes mellitus

KW - Exercise

KW - Hypercholesterolemia

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U2 - 10.4067/S0034-98872013001000008

DO - 10.4067/S0034-98872013001000008

M3 - Article

C2 - 24522357

AN - SCOPUS:84893973308

VL - 141

SP - 1293

EP - 1299

JO - Revista Medica de Chile

JF - Revista Medica de Chile

SN - 0034-9887

IS - 10

ER -