Respiratory mechanics in infants with severe bronchiolitis on controlled mechanical ventilation

Pablo Cruces, Sebastián González-Dambrauskas, Julio Quilodrán, Jorge Valenzuela, Javier Martínez, Natalia Rivero, Pablo Arias, Franco Díaz

Resultado de la investigación: Article

3 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: Analysis of respiratory mechanics during mechanical ventilation (MV) is able to estimate resistive, elastic and inertial components of the working pressure of the respiratory system. Our aim was to discriminate the components of the working pressure of the respiratory system in infants on MV with severe bronchiolitis admitted to two PICU's. Methods: Infants younger than 1 year old with acute respiratory failure caused by severe bronchiolitis underwent neuromuscular blockade, tracheal intubation and volume controlled MV. Shortly after intubation studies of pulmonary mechanics were performed using inspiratory and expiratory breath hold. The maximum inspiratory and expiratory flow (QI and QE) as well as peak inspiratory (PIP), plateau (PPL) and total expiratory pressures (tPEEP) were measured. Inspiratory and expiratory resistances (RawI and RawE) and Time Constants (KTI and KTE) were calculated. Results: We included 16 patients, of median age 2.5 (1-5.8) months. Bronchiolitis due to respiratory syncytial virus was the main etiology (93.8%) and 31.3% had comorbidities. Measured respiratory pressures were PIP 29 (26-31), PPL 24 (20-26), tPEEP 9 [8-11] cmH2O. Elastic component of the working pressure was significantly higher than resistive and both higher than threshold (tPEEP - PEEP) (P < 0.01). QI was significantly lower than QE [5 (4.27-6.75) v/s 16.5 (12-23.8) L/min. RawI and RawE were 38.8 (32-53) and 40.5 (22-55) cmH2O/L/s; KTI and KTE [0.18 (0.12-0.30) v/s 0.18 (0.13-0.22) s], and KTI:KTE ratio was 1:1.04 (1:0.59-1.42). Conclusions: Analysis of respiratory mechanics of infants with severe bronchiolitis receiving MV shows that the elastic component of the working pressure of the respiratory system is the most important. The elastic and resistive components in conjunction with flow profile are characteristic of restrictive diseases. A better understanding of lung mechanics in this group of patients may lead to change the traditional ventilatory approach to severe bronchiolitis.

Idioma originalEnglish
Número de artículo129
PublicaciónBMC Pulmonary Medicine
Volumen17
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublished - 6 oct 2017

Huella dactilar

Respiratory Mechanics
Bronchiolitis
Artificial Respiration
Pressure
Respiratory System
Mechanics
Intubation
Lung
Neuromuscular Blockade
Respiratory Syncytial Viruses
Respiratory Insufficiency
Comorbidity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Citar esto

Cruces, P., González-Dambrauskas, S., Quilodrán, J., Valenzuela, J., Martínez, J., Rivero, N., ... Díaz, F. (2017). Respiratory mechanics in infants with severe bronchiolitis on controlled mechanical ventilation. BMC Pulmonary Medicine, 17(1), [129]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12890-017-0475-6
Cruces, Pablo ; González-Dambrauskas, Sebastián ; Quilodrán, Julio ; Valenzuela, Jorge ; Martínez, Javier ; Rivero, Natalia ; Arias, Pablo ; Díaz, Franco. / Respiratory mechanics in infants with severe bronchiolitis on controlled mechanical ventilation. En: BMC Pulmonary Medicine. 2017 ; Vol. 17, N.º 1.
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abstract = "Background: Analysis of respiratory mechanics during mechanical ventilation (MV) is able to estimate resistive, elastic and inertial components of the working pressure of the respiratory system. Our aim was to discriminate the components of the working pressure of the respiratory system in infants on MV with severe bronchiolitis admitted to two PICU's. Methods: Infants younger than 1 year old with acute respiratory failure caused by severe bronchiolitis underwent neuromuscular blockade, tracheal intubation and volume controlled MV. Shortly after intubation studies of pulmonary mechanics were performed using inspiratory and expiratory breath hold. The maximum inspiratory and expiratory flow (QI and QE) as well as peak inspiratory (PIP), plateau (PPL) and total expiratory pressures (tPEEP) were measured. Inspiratory and expiratory resistances (RawI and RawE) and Time Constants (KTI and KTE) were calculated. Results: We included 16 patients, of median age 2.5 (1-5.8) months. Bronchiolitis due to respiratory syncytial virus was the main etiology (93.8{\%}) and 31.3{\%} had comorbidities. Measured respiratory pressures were PIP 29 (26-31), PPL 24 (20-26), tPEEP 9 [8-11] cmH2O. Elastic component of the working pressure was significantly higher than resistive and both higher than threshold (tPEEP - PEEP) (P < 0.01). QI was significantly lower than QE [5 (4.27-6.75) v/s 16.5 (12-23.8) L/min. RawI and RawE were 38.8 (32-53) and 40.5 (22-55) cmH2O/L/s; KTI and KTE [0.18 (0.12-0.30) v/s 0.18 (0.13-0.22) s], and KTI:KTE ratio was 1:1.04 (1:0.59-1.42). Conclusions: Analysis of respiratory mechanics of infants with severe bronchiolitis receiving MV shows that the elastic component of the working pressure of the respiratory system is the most important. The elastic and resistive components in conjunction with flow profile are characteristic of restrictive diseases. A better understanding of lung mechanics in this group of patients may lead to change the traditional ventilatory approach to severe bronchiolitis.",
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Cruces, P, González-Dambrauskas, S, Quilodrán, J, Valenzuela, J, Martínez, J, Rivero, N, Arias, P & Díaz, F 2017, 'Respiratory mechanics in infants with severe bronchiolitis on controlled mechanical ventilation', BMC Pulmonary Medicine, vol. 17, n.º 1, 129. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12890-017-0475-6

Respiratory mechanics in infants with severe bronchiolitis on controlled mechanical ventilation. / Cruces, Pablo; González-Dambrauskas, Sebastián; Quilodrán, Julio; Valenzuela, Jorge; Martínez, Javier; Rivero, Natalia; Arias, Pablo; Díaz, Franco.

En: BMC Pulmonary Medicine, Vol. 17, N.º 1, 129, 06.10.2017.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Respiratory mechanics in infants with severe bronchiolitis on controlled mechanical ventilation

AU - Cruces, Pablo

AU - González-Dambrauskas, Sebastián

AU - Quilodrán, Julio

AU - Valenzuela, Jorge

AU - Martínez, Javier

AU - Rivero, Natalia

AU - Arias, Pablo

AU - Díaz, Franco

PY - 2017/10/6

Y1 - 2017/10/6

N2 - Background: Analysis of respiratory mechanics during mechanical ventilation (MV) is able to estimate resistive, elastic and inertial components of the working pressure of the respiratory system. Our aim was to discriminate the components of the working pressure of the respiratory system in infants on MV with severe bronchiolitis admitted to two PICU's. Methods: Infants younger than 1 year old with acute respiratory failure caused by severe bronchiolitis underwent neuromuscular blockade, tracheal intubation and volume controlled MV. Shortly after intubation studies of pulmonary mechanics were performed using inspiratory and expiratory breath hold. The maximum inspiratory and expiratory flow (QI and QE) as well as peak inspiratory (PIP), plateau (PPL) and total expiratory pressures (tPEEP) were measured. Inspiratory and expiratory resistances (RawI and RawE) and Time Constants (KTI and KTE) were calculated. Results: We included 16 patients, of median age 2.5 (1-5.8) months. Bronchiolitis due to respiratory syncytial virus was the main etiology (93.8%) and 31.3% had comorbidities. Measured respiratory pressures were PIP 29 (26-31), PPL 24 (20-26), tPEEP 9 [8-11] cmH2O. Elastic component of the working pressure was significantly higher than resistive and both higher than threshold (tPEEP - PEEP) (P < 0.01). QI was significantly lower than QE [5 (4.27-6.75) v/s 16.5 (12-23.8) L/min. RawI and RawE were 38.8 (32-53) and 40.5 (22-55) cmH2O/L/s; KTI and KTE [0.18 (0.12-0.30) v/s 0.18 (0.13-0.22) s], and KTI:KTE ratio was 1:1.04 (1:0.59-1.42). Conclusions: Analysis of respiratory mechanics of infants with severe bronchiolitis receiving MV shows that the elastic component of the working pressure of the respiratory system is the most important. The elastic and resistive components in conjunction with flow profile are characteristic of restrictive diseases. A better understanding of lung mechanics in this group of patients may lead to change the traditional ventilatory approach to severe bronchiolitis.

AB - Background: Analysis of respiratory mechanics during mechanical ventilation (MV) is able to estimate resistive, elastic and inertial components of the working pressure of the respiratory system. Our aim was to discriminate the components of the working pressure of the respiratory system in infants on MV with severe bronchiolitis admitted to two PICU's. Methods: Infants younger than 1 year old with acute respiratory failure caused by severe bronchiolitis underwent neuromuscular blockade, tracheal intubation and volume controlled MV. Shortly after intubation studies of pulmonary mechanics were performed using inspiratory and expiratory breath hold. The maximum inspiratory and expiratory flow (QI and QE) as well as peak inspiratory (PIP), plateau (PPL) and total expiratory pressures (tPEEP) were measured. Inspiratory and expiratory resistances (RawI and RawE) and Time Constants (KTI and KTE) were calculated. Results: We included 16 patients, of median age 2.5 (1-5.8) months. Bronchiolitis due to respiratory syncytial virus was the main etiology (93.8%) and 31.3% had comorbidities. Measured respiratory pressures were PIP 29 (26-31), PPL 24 (20-26), tPEEP 9 [8-11] cmH2O. Elastic component of the working pressure was significantly higher than resistive and both higher than threshold (tPEEP - PEEP) (P < 0.01). QI was significantly lower than QE [5 (4.27-6.75) v/s 16.5 (12-23.8) L/min. RawI and RawE were 38.8 (32-53) and 40.5 (22-55) cmH2O/L/s; KTI and KTE [0.18 (0.12-0.30) v/s 0.18 (0.13-0.22) s], and KTI:KTE ratio was 1:1.04 (1:0.59-1.42). Conclusions: Analysis of respiratory mechanics of infants with severe bronchiolitis receiving MV shows that the elastic component of the working pressure of the respiratory system is the most important. The elastic and resistive components in conjunction with flow profile are characteristic of restrictive diseases. A better understanding of lung mechanics in this group of patients may lead to change the traditional ventilatory approach to severe bronchiolitis.

KW - Bronchiolitis

KW - Mechanical ventilation

KW - Pediatrics

KW - Respiratory mechanics

KW - Work of breathing

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U2 - 10.1186/s12890-017-0475-6

DO - 10.1186/s12890-017-0475-6

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85030702205

VL - 17

JO - BMC Pulmonary Medicine

JF - BMC Pulmonary Medicine

SN - 1471-2466

IS - 1

M1 - 129

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Cruces P, González-Dambrauskas S, Quilodrán J, Valenzuela J, Martínez J, Rivero N y otros. Respiratory mechanics in infants with severe bronchiolitis on controlled mechanical ventilation. BMC Pulmonary Medicine. 2017 oct 6;17(1). 129. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12890-017-0475-6