Reduction of Au(III) by a β-cyclodextrin polymer in acid medium. A stated unattainable reaction

Rudy Martin-Trasanco, Roberto Cao, Hilda Esperanza Esparza-Ponce, Maria Elena Montero-Cabrera, Ramiro Arratia-Pérez

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

16 Citas (Scopus)


Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) can be prepared from the reduction of Au(III) with cyclodextrins acting as both, reducing and capping agent. It has been stated that a basic medium (pH = 9–12) is a mandatory condition to achieve such reduction. We demonstrated, for the first time, the reduction of Au(III) by a crosslinked β-cyclodextrin-epichlorohydrin polymer (βCDP) in acid medium (pH ∼3). The coordination of Au(III) to the βCD in βCDP polymer required a βCD:[AuCl4] ratio of 4:1. The same ratio was necessary to achieve a 50% of the reduction of Au(III) to Au0 within the first 24 h of reaction. During this initial time, the reaction showed a concentration-dependent reduction rate while for longer times the reduction rate was diffusion-dependent. An overall mechanism to explain this dependency has been proposed. The 13C NMR spectrum identified the oxidation of the C[sbnd]OH groups to carboxylic ones by recording a signal at 175.6 ppm. Gold nanoparticles cores (AuNPs) with a diameter of 34.2 ± 7.7 nm, determined by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), was prepared by refluxing HAuCl4 in an aqueous solution of βCDP. The AuNPs core was capped by dimers of the βCDP polymer as determined by Dynamic Light Scattering measurements.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)530-537
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónCarbohydrate Polymers
EstadoPublicada - 1 nov. 2017

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Polímeros y plásticos
  • Química orgánica
  • Química de los materiales


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