Reconsiderando o ‘declínio’ da empatia com o curso em estudantes de odontologia na América Latina

Víctor Patricio Díaz-Narváez, Ana María Erazo Coronado, Jorge Luis Bilbao, Farith González, Mariela Padilla, Aracelis Calzadilla-Nuñez, María Guadalupe Silva-Vetri, Joel Arboleda, Mirian Bullen, Robert Utsman, Elizabeth Fajardo, Luz Marina Alonso, Marcos Cervantes, Teresa Varela

Resultado de la investigación: Article

6 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Introduction: The controversy over the presence of empathic decline within the course in students of medicine, dentistry and health sciences in general, has not fully been studied. This controversy could be partially solved if massive studies of empathy levels are made in similar cultural, social and economic contexts. Material and Methods: Empathy levels within the course were studied in eighteen dental schools from six countries in Latin America (2013). The mean of the empathy levels were used to study the behavior between first and fifth academic years. The values of empathy levels within the course were observed by applying the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, the Spanish version. All these studies were cross-sectional. The value of means observed, were subjected to regression studies and further adjustment curves were obtained and the coefficient of determination were calculated. Results: Six different models of behavior were observed, which found that five of them suffer empathic decline within the course, but with different final results: in some the decline persists until the fifth academic year and in others, this decline ‘recovers’ persistently until the fifth academic year. The sixth model is characterized by a constant and persistent increase of levels of empathy within the course until the last academic year. Discussion: There are six different models for the behavior of means of levels of empathy within the course evaluated by a common methodology in eighteen dental schools from six countries of Latin America. These findings support the existence of variability of empathic response and a comprehensive approach is needed to find the causes that give rise to this variability. Conclusion: In dental students of Latin America, there is variability in the behavior of the distribution in means between the academic years of the dentistry schools examined in this study.

Idioma originalPortuguese
Páginas (desde-hasta)775-782
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónActa Medica Portuguesa
Volumen30
N.º11
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 nov 2017

Huella dactilar

Dental Students
Latin America
Dental Schools
School Dentistry
Social Adjustment
Dentistry
Cross-Sectional Studies
Economics
Medicine
Students
Physicians
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Citar esto

Díaz-Narváez, V. P., Coronado, A. M. E., Bilbao, J. L., González, F., Padilla, M., Calzadilla-Nuñez, A., ... Varela, T. (2017). Reconsiderando o ‘declínio’ da empatia com o curso em estudantes de odontologia na América Latina. Acta Medica Portuguesa, 30(11), 775-782. https://doi.org/10.20344/amp.8681
Díaz-Narváez, Víctor Patricio ; Coronado, Ana María Erazo ; Bilbao, Jorge Luis ; González, Farith ; Padilla, Mariela ; Calzadilla-Nuñez, Aracelis ; Silva-Vetri, María Guadalupe ; Arboleda, Joel ; Bullen, Mirian ; Utsman, Robert ; Fajardo, Elizabeth ; Alonso, Luz Marina ; Cervantes, Marcos ; Varela, Teresa. / Reconsiderando o ‘declínio’ da empatia com o curso em estudantes de odontologia na América Latina. En: Acta Medica Portuguesa. 2017 ; Vol. 30, N.º 11. pp. 775-782.
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title = "Reconsiderando o ‘decl{\'i}nio’ da empatia com o curso em estudantes de odontologia na Am{\'e}rica Latina",
abstract = "Introduction: The controversy over the presence of empathic decline within the course in students of medicine, dentistry and health sciences in general, has not fully been studied. This controversy could be partially solved if massive studies of empathy levels are made in similar cultural, social and economic contexts. Material and Methods: Empathy levels within the course were studied in eighteen dental schools from six countries in Latin America (2013). The mean of the empathy levels were used to study the behavior between first and fifth academic years. The values of empathy levels within the course were observed by applying the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, the Spanish version. All these studies were cross-sectional. The value of means observed, were subjected to regression studies and further adjustment curves were obtained and the coefficient of determination were calculated. Results: Six different models of behavior were observed, which found that five of them suffer empathic decline within the course, but with different final results: in some the decline persists until the fifth academic year and in others, this decline ‘recovers’ persistently until the fifth academic year. The sixth model is characterized by a constant and persistent increase of levels of empathy within the course until the last academic year. Discussion: There are six different models for the behavior of means of levels of empathy within the course evaluated by a common methodology in eighteen dental schools from six countries of Latin America. These findings support the existence of variability of empathic response and a comprehensive approach is needed to find the causes that give rise to this variability. Conclusion: In dental students of Latin America, there is variability in the behavior of the distribution in means between the academic years of the dentistry schools examined in this study.",
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Díaz-Narváez, VP, Coronado, AME, Bilbao, JL, González, F, Padilla, M, Calzadilla-Nuñez, A, Silva-Vetri, MG, Arboleda, J, Bullen, M, Utsman, R, Fajardo, E, Alonso, LM, Cervantes, M & Varela, T 2017, 'Reconsiderando o ‘declínio’ da empatia com o curso em estudantes de odontologia na América Latina', Acta Medica Portuguesa, vol. 30, n.º 11, pp. 775-782. https://doi.org/10.20344/amp.8681

Reconsiderando o ‘declínio’ da empatia com o curso em estudantes de odontologia na América Latina. / Díaz-Narváez, Víctor Patricio; Coronado, Ana María Erazo; Bilbao, Jorge Luis; González, Farith; Padilla, Mariela; Calzadilla-Nuñez, Aracelis; Silva-Vetri, María Guadalupe; Arboleda, Joel; Bullen, Mirian; Utsman, Robert; Fajardo, Elizabeth; Alonso, Luz Marina; Cervantes, Marcos; Varela, Teresa.

En: Acta Medica Portuguesa, Vol. 30, N.º 11, 01.11.2017, p. 775-782.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reconsiderando o ‘declínio’ da empatia com o curso em estudantes de odontologia na América Latina

AU - Díaz-Narváez, Víctor Patricio

AU - Coronado, Ana María Erazo

AU - Bilbao, Jorge Luis

AU - González, Farith

AU - Padilla, Mariela

AU - Calzadilla-Nuñez, Aracelis

AU - Silva-Vetri, María Guadalupe

AU - Arboleda, Joel

AU - Bullen, Mirian

AU - Utsman, Robert

AU - Fajardo, Elizabeth

AU - Alonso, Luz Marina

AU - Cervantes, Marcos

AU - Varela, Teresa

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - Introduction: The controversy over the presence of empathic decline within the course in students of medicine, dentistry and health sciences in general, has not fully been studied. This controversy could be partially solved if massive studies of empathy levels are made in similar cultural, social and economic contexts. Material and Methods: Empathy levels within the course were studied in eighteen dental schools from six countries in Latin America (2013). The mean of the empathy levels were used to study the behavior between first and fifth academic years. The values of empathy levels within the course were observed by applying the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, the Spanish version. All these studies were cross-sectional. The value of means observed, were subjected to regression studies and further adjustment curves were obtained and the coefficient of determination were calculated. Results: Six different models of behavior were observed, which found that five of them suffer empathic decline within the course, but with different final results: in some the decline persists until the fifth academic year and in others, this decline ‘recovers’ persistently until the fifth academic year. The sixth model is characterized by a constant and persistent increase of levels of empathy within the course until the last academic year. Discussion: There are six different models for the behavior of means of levels of empathy within the course evaluated by a common methodology in eighteen dental schools from six countries of Latin America. These findings support the existence of variability of empathic response and a comprehensive approach is needed to find the causes that give rise to this variability. Conclusion: In dental students of Latin America, there is variability in the behavior of the distribution in means between the academic years of the dentistry schools examined in this study.

AB - Introduction: The controversy over the presence of empathic decline within the course in students of medicine, dentistry and health sciences in general, has not fully been studied. This controversy could be partially solved if massive studies of empathy levels are made in similar cultural, social and economic contexts. Material and Methods: Empathy levels within the course were studied in eighteen dental schools from six countries in Latin America (2013). The mean of the empathy levels were used to study the behavior between first and fifth academic years. The values of empathy levels within the course were observed by applying the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, the Spanish version. All these studies were cross-sectional. The value of means observed, were subjected to regression studies and further adjustment curves were obtained and the coefficient of determination were calculated. Results: Six different models of behavior were observed, which found that five of them suffer empathic decline within the course, but with different final results: in some the decline persists until the fifth academic year and in others, this decline ‘recovers’ persistently until the fifth academic year. The sixth model is characterized by a constant and persistent increase of levels of empathy within the course until the last academic year. Discussion: There are six different models for the behavior of means of levels of empathy within the course evaluated by a common methodology in eighteen dental schools from six countries of Latin America. These findings support the existence of variability of empathic response and a comprehensive approach is needed to find the causes that give rise to this variability. Conclusion: In dental students of Latin America, there is variability in the behavior of the distribution in means between the academic years of the dentistry schools examined in this study.

KW - Dental/psychology

KW - Empathy

KW - Latin America

KW - Students

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U2 - 10.20344/amp.8681

DO - 10.20344/amp.8681

M3 - Article

VL - 30

SP - 775

EP - 782

JO - Acta Medica Portuguesa

JF - Acta Medica Portuguesa

SN - 0870-399X

IS - 11

ER -