Reactividad y evolución de 4.022 tests de parche en dermatitis de contacto realizadas entre 1995 y 2011 en Santiago de Chile

Natalia Sabatini, Raúl Cabrera, Claudia Bascuñán, Víctor Díaz-Narváez, Ricardo Castillo, Mauricio Urrutia, Rodrigo Sepúlveda

Resultado de la investigación: Article

2 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: Allergic Contact Dermatitis is a classic delayed hypersensitivity reaction. Aim: To study the reactivity and evolution in Chilean patients by gender, using the standard European patch test. Materials and Methods: The results of the European standard patch test applied to 4,022 patients aged 1 to 93 years (64% female) with Allergic Contact Dermatitis, diagnosed between January 1995 and August 2011, were retrospectively analyzed. Results: From a total of 4,022 patients, 2,439 (60.6%) had a positive reaction. Among reactive patients, 1,854 (76.04%) were female and 584 (23.96%) male. The most common positive allergens were nickel (35.3%), cobalt (15.1%), fragrance mix (14%), chromium (8.7%) and balsam of Peru (8.5%). In females, nickel was the most common reactive antigen (34.28%), and in males, fragrance mix (15.7%). During the period 2003-2011, an increased reactivity to nickel (26.6%) and a decreased reactivity to p-phenylenediamine (29.6%) and fragrance (42.8%), was observed. Conclusions: Fragrance mix is the most common reactive allergen in males and the third for females. Nickel is the leading allergen in the female group and the second of importance for males, making it the most significant allergen for the Chilean population. We also observed that the reactivity of some allergens evolves and varies over time.

Idioma originalSpanish
Páginas (desde-hasta)751-758
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónRevista Medica de Chile
Volumen143
N.º6
DOI
EstadoPublished - 4 ago 2015

Huella dactilar

Patch Tests
Contact Dermatitis
Allergens
Nickel
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Delayed Hypersensitivity
Chromium
Cobalt
Antigens
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Citar esto

Sabatini, Natalia ; Cabrera, Raúl ; Bascuñán, Claudia ; Díaz-Narváez, Víctor ; Castillo, Ricardo ; Urrutia, Mauricio ; Sepúlveda, Rodrigo. / Reactividad y evolución de 4.022 tests de parche en dermatitis de contacto realizadas entre 1995 y 2011 en Santiago de Chile. En: Revista Medica de Chile. 2015 ; Vol. 143, N.º 6. pp. 751-758.
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title = "Reactividad y evoluci{\'o}n de 4.022 tests de parche en dermatitis de contacto realizadas entre 1995 y 2011 en Santiago de Chile",
abstract = "Background: Allergic Contact Dermatitis is a classic delayed hypersensitivity reaction. Aim: To study the reactivity and evolution in Chilean patients by gender, using the standard European patch test. Materials and Methods: The results of the European standard patch test applied to 4,022 patients aged 1 to 93 years (64{\%} female) with Allergic Contact Dermatitis, diagnosed between January 1995 and August 2011, were retrospectively analyzed. Results: From a total of 4,022 patients, 2,439 (60.6{\%}) had a positive reaction. Among reactive patients, 1,854 (76.04{\%}) were female and 584 (23.96{\%}) male. The most common positive allergens were nickel (35.3{\%}), cobalt (15.1{\%}), fragrance mix (14{\%}), chromium (8.7{\%}) and balsam of Peru (8.5{\%}). In females, nickel was the most common reactive antigen (34.28{\%}), and in males, fragrance mix (15.7{\%}). During the period 2003-2011, an increased reactivity to nickel (26.6{\%}) and a decreased reactivity to p-phenylenediamine (29.6{\%}) and fragrance (42.8{\%}), was observed. Conclusions: Fragrance mix is the most common reactive allergen in males and the third for females. Nickel is the leading allergen in the female group and the second of importance for males, making it the most significant allergen for the Chilean population. We also observed that the reactivity of some allergens evolves and varies over time.",
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Reactividad y evolución de 4.022 tests de parche en dermatitis de contacto realizadas entre 1995 y 2011 en Santiago de Chile. / Sabatini, Natalia; Cabrera, Raúl; Bascuñán, Claudia; Díaz-Narváez, Víctor; Castillo, Ricardo; Urrutia, Mauricio; Sepúlveda, Rodrigo.

En: Revista Medica de Chile, Vol. 143, N.º 6, 04.08.2015, p. 751-758.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reactividad y evolución de 4.022 tests de parche en dermatitis de contacto realizadas entre 1995 y 2011 en Santiago de Chile

AU - Sabatini, Natalia

AU - Cabrera, Raúl

AU - Bascuñán, Claudia

AU - Díaz-Narváez, Víctor

AU - Castillo, Ricardo

AU - Urrutia, Mauricio

AU - Sepúlveda, Rodrigo

PY - 2015/8/4

Y1 - 2015/8/4

N2 - Background: Allergic Contact Dermatitis is a classic delayed hypersensitivity reaction. Aim: To study the reactivity and evolution in Chilean patients by gender, using the standard European patch test. Materials and Methods: The results of the European standard patch test applied to 4,022 patients aged 1 to 93 years (64% female) with Allergic Contact Dermatitis, diagnosed between January 1995 and August 2011, were retrospectively analyzed. Results: From a total of 4,022 patients, 2,439 (60.6%) had a positive reaction. Among reactive patients, 1,854 (76.04%) were female and 584 (23.96%) male. The most common positive allergens were nickel (35.3%), cobalt (15.1%), fragrance mix (14%), chromium (8.7%) and balsam of Peru (8.5%). In females, nickel was the most common reactive antigen (34.28%), and in males, fragrance mix (15.7%). During the period 2003-2011, an increased reactivity to nickel (26.6%) and a decreased reactivity to p-phenylenediamine (29.6%) and fragrance (42.8%), was observed. Conclusions: Fragrance mix is the most common reactive allergen in males and the third for females. Nickel is the leading allergen in the female group and the second of importance for males, making it the most significant allergen for the Chilean population. We also observed that the reactivity of some allergens evolves and varies over time.

AB - Background: Allergic Contact Dermatitis is a classic delayed hypersensitivity reaction. Aim: To study the reactivity and evolution in Chilean patients by gender, using the standard European patch test. Materials and Methods: The results of the European standard patch test applied to 4,022 patients aged 1 to 93 years (64% female) with Allergic Contact Dermatitis, diagnosed between January 1995 and August 2011, were retrospectively analyzed. Results: From a total of 4,022 patients, 2,439 (60.6%) had a positive reaction. Among reactive patients, 1,854 (76.04%) were female and 584 (23.96%) male. The most common positive allergens were nickel (35.3%), cobalt (15.1%), fragrance mix (14%), chromium (8.7%) and balsam of Peru (8.5%). In females, nickel was the most common reactive antigen (34.28%), and in males, fragrance mix (15.7%). During the period 2003-2011, an increased reactivity to nickel (26.6%) and a decreased reactivity to p-phenylenediamine (29.6%) and fragrance (42.8%), was observed. Conclusions: Fragrance mix is the most common reactive allergen in males and the third for females. Nickel is the leading allergen in the female group and the second of importance for males, making it the most significant allergen for the Chilean population. We also observed that the reactivity of some allergens evolves and varies over time.

KW - Allergic contact

KW - Chile

KW - Dermatitis

KW - Patch tests

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84938538115&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4067/S0034-98872015000600008

DO - 10.4067/S0034-98872015000600008

M3 - Article

VL - 143

SP - 751

EP - 758

JO - Revista Medica de Chile

JF - Revista Medica de Chile

SN - 0034-9887

IS - 6

ER -