Qualitative Risk Assessment for Antimicrobial Resistance among Humans from Salmon Fillet Consumption Due to the High Use of Antibiotics against Bacterial Infections in Farmed Salmon

Marília Salgado-Caxito, Natalia Zimin-Veselkoff, Aiko D. Adell, Jorge Olivares-Pacheco, Fernando O. Mardones

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Background: Worldwide, aquaculture is considered as a hotspot environment for antimi-crobial resistance (AMR) due to the intense use of antibiotics in its productive systems. Chile is the second largest producer of farmed salmon worldwide, and tons of antibiotics are used to control bacterial diseases, such as Salmon Rickettsial Syndrome (SRS) and Bacterial Kidney Disease (BKD). However, studies determining the risk of consuming salmon fillets that have been treated with antibiotics during the salmon production are limited. Consulting leading experts in the field could provide a knowledge base to identify and address this question and research gaps. Methods: Multi-sectoral risk perception of AMR through salmon fillet consumption was evaluated by eliciting expert data obtained through discussions during a workshop and from questionnaires given to experts from academia (n = 15, 63%), the public sector (n = 5, 21%), and the salmon industry (n = 4, 17%). Results: The qualitative risk analysis suggested an overall ‘low’ probability of AMR acquisition by consumption of salmon fillet that had been treated during the production cycle. The risk perception varied slightly between production stages in freshwater and seawater. In consensus with all sectors, this overall ‘low’, but existing, risk was probably associated with bacterial infections and the use of antibiotics. Conclusions: As it is essential to reduce the use of antibiotics in the Chilean salmon industry, this intersectoral approach and consensual results could favor effective implementation of targeted initiatives for the control and prevention of major bacterial diseases.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo662
PublicaciónAntibiotics
Volumen11
N.º5
DOI
EstadoPublicada - may. 2022

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Microbiología
  • Bioquímica
  • Farmacología, toxicología y ciencias farmacéuticas (todo)
  • Microbiología (médica)
  • Enfermedades infecciosas
  • Farmacología (médica)

Huella

Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Qualitative Risk Assessment for Antimicrobial Resistance among Humans from Salmon Fillet Consumption Due to the High Use of Antibiotics against Bacterial Infections in Farmed Salmon'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto