Psychosocial, physical and anthropometric variables in chilean schoolchildren. A comparative study according to physical activity levels

Pedro Delgado-Floody, Constanza Palomino-Devia, Christianne Zulic-Agramunt, Felipe Caamaño-Navarrete, Iris Paola Guzman-Guzman, Alfonso Cofre-Lizama, Mauricio Cresp-Barría, Daniel Jerez-Mayorga

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

Resumen

Introduction: Physical activity (PA) has multiple benefits for physical and mental health in different types of populations; however, there are no comprehensive evaluations in school population. On the other hand, levels of physical inactivity have generated an increase in childhood obesity worldwide and cardiovascular risk factors, affecting the overall development of children and their quality of life, in addition to a large number of psychosocial components. The purpose of the research was to compare according to levels of PA, psychosocial, anthropometric and physical variables in Chilean schoolchildren. Method: 605 schoolchildren (272 women and 333 men) between 11 and 14 years of age participated. Self-esteem, body image, cardiorespiratory fitness, blood pressure and anthropometric parameters were evaluated. Results: The girls presented higher body mass index (BMI) and percentage of body fat (BF), in addition they presented higher risk score of dissatisfaction with the corporal image (p = 0.03), in the self-esteem there were no differences (p> 0.05). PA was higher in children (p <0.001), as were values in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (p <0.05). Children had a higher proportion of school children categorized with high PA (p <0.001). School children with lower levels of PA have higher anthropometric parameters (p <0.001), as well as a higher risk of body dissatisfaction (p = 0.009) and lower self-esteem (p <0.001) and cardiorespiratory fitness (p <0.001). Conclusion: Schoolchildren with lower PA levels presented negative results in psychosocial variables such as body image and self-esteem, as well as a lower cardiorespiratory fitness and high anthropometric parameters.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)151-156
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónArchivos de Medicina del Deporte
Volumen36
N.º3
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene 2019

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Ortopedia y medicina del deporte
  • Terapia física, deportiva y rehabilitación

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    Delgado-Floody, P., Palomino-Devia, C., Zulic-Agramunt, C., Caamaño-Navarrete, F., Guzman-Guzman, I. P., Cofre-Lizama, A., Cresp-Barría, M., & Jerez-Mayorga, D. (2019). Psychosocial, physical and anthropometric variables in chilean schoolchildren. A comparative study according to physical activity levels. Archivos de Medicina del Deporte, 36(3), 151-156.