Psychometry: Cutting-Off Points and Standardization of the Jefferson Empathy Scale Adapted for Students of Kinesiology

Alejandro Reyes-Reyes, Aracelis Calzadilla-Núñez, Pilar Torres-Martínez, Patricia Díaz-Calzadilla, Wilson Pastén-Hidalgo, Fanny Bracho-Milic, Víctor Díaz-Narváez

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

1 Cita (Scopus)


Currently, the most common measurement of empathy is obtained using scales that offer a continuum between a minimum and a maximum value. The objectives of this study were to establish a norm and estimate cut-off points that would make it possible to assess the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE) version for Health Professions students (HPS-version), and to determine its psychometric properties in Chilean physical therapy students. A secondary analysis was done on a data set from three schools of physical therapy ([n = 850], 412 women [48.5%], and 438 men [51.5%]), applying confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and hierarchical cluster analysis. A CFA replicated the original three-factor model of empathy with sufficiently fit the data. A hierarchical cluster analysis yielded four categories for the level of empathy: high, medium-high, medium-low, and low. Multi-group analyses supported the assumption of a gender-invariant factor structure. Results confirmed the reliability of the global scale (α =.835), and the Perspective Taking (α =.732), Compassionate Care (α =.842), and Walking in Patient’s Shoes (α =.686) dimensions. The instrument made it possible to establish four ordinal categories in the level of students’ empathy. We conclude that the HPS-version of the JSE has adequate psychometric properties; namely validity, reliability, and cut-off points that justify administering it to Chilean physical therapy students.

Idioma originalInglés
PublicaciónSAGE Open
EstadoPublicada - nov. 2021

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Arte y humanidades (todo)
  • Ciencias sociales (todo)


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