Providing activity for people with dementia in care homes

A cluster randomised controlled trial

Jennifer Wenborn, David Challis, Jenny Head, Claudia Miranda-Castillo, Carolyn Popham, Ruchi Thakur, Jacqueline Illes, Martin Orrell

Resultado de la investigación: Article

20 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: Activity levels remain low in care homes, but activity engagement can enhance residents' quality of life. Aim: This study aimed to assess an occupational therapy programme designed to enable care home staff to increase activity provision. Method: A cluster randomised controlled trial with blinded assessment of outcome was conducted. A total of 210 residents with dementia in 16 care homes were recruited. Intervention homes received the programme, and control homes were provided usual care. Primary outcome is quality of life; secondary measures are dependency, challenging behaviour, depression, anxiety, severity of dementia and number and type of medication. Results: Quality of life decreased overall with statistically significant change in staff ratings (p < 0.001). At follow-up, staff-rated quality of life was slightly lower in the intervention group (mean difference in staff ratings = -1.91, 95% CI -3.39 to -0.43, p = 0.01). There were no significant differences between the two groups for self-rated quality of life or secondary outcomes. Conclusion: The results may be related to the following: wide variability in how the intervention was implemented, such as low staff attendance at the education and coaching sessions, and patchy provision of additional activities to residents; or the residents' severity of dementia or the choice of outcome measures. Future studies need to pay more attention to process measures such as implementation and fidelity strategies, and outcome measures that better capture the focus of the intervention such as level of engagement and activity.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)1296-1304
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volumen28
N.º12
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 dic 2013

Huella dactilar

Home Care Services
Dementia
Randomized Controlled Trials
Quality of Life
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Process Assessment (Health Care)
Occupational Therapy
Anxiety
Depression
Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Citar esto

Wenborn, Jennifer ; Challis, David ; Head, Jenny ; Miranda-Castillo, Claudia ; Popham, Carolyn ; Thakur, Ruchi ; Illes, Jacqueline ; Orrell, Martin. / Providing activity for people with dementia in care homes : A cluster randomised controlled trial. En: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 2013 ; Vol. 28, N.º 12. pp. 1296-1304.
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abstract = "Background: Activity levels remain low in care homes, but activity engagement can enhance residents' quality of life. Aim: This study aimed to assess an occupational therapy programme designed to enable care home staff to increase activity provision. Method: A cluster randomised controlled trial with blinded assessment of outcome was conducted. A total of 210 residents with dementia in 16 care homes were recruited. Intervention homes received the programme, and control homes were provided usual care. Primary outcome is quality of life; secondary measures are dependency, challenging behaviour, depression, anxiety, severity of dementia and number and type of medication. Results: Quality of life decreased overall with statistically significant change in staff ratings (p < 0.001). At follow-up, staff-rated quality of life was slightly lower in the intervention group (mean difference in staff ratings = -1.91, 95{\%} CI -3.39 to -0.43, p = 0.01). There were no significant differences between the two groups for self-rated quality of life or secondary outcomes. Conclusion: The results may be related to the following: wide variability in how the intervention was implemented, such as low staff attendance at the education and coaching sessions, and patchy provision of additional activities to residents; or the residents' severity of dementia or the choice of outcome measures. Future studies need to pay more attention to process measures such as implementation and fidelity strategies, and outcome measures that better capture the focus of the intervention such as level of engagement and activity.",
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Providing activity for people with dementia in care homes : A cluster randomised controlled trial. / Wenborn, Jennifer; Challis, David; Head, Jenny; Miranda-Castillo, Claudia; Popham, Carolyn; Thakur, Ruchi; Illes, Jacqueline; Orrell, Martin.

En: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Vol. 28, N.º 12, 01.12.2013, p. 1296-1304.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

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T1 - Providing activity for people with dementia in care homes

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AU - Wenborn, Jennifer

AU - Challis, David

AU - Head, Jenny

AU - Miranda-Castillo, Claudia

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AU - Orrell, Martin

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