Background: Cerebral palsy (CP), which is the leading cause of motor disability during childhood, can produce sensory and cognitive impairments at different degrees. Most recent therapeutic interventions for these patients have solely focused on upper extremities (UE), although more than 60% of these patients present lower extremities (LE) deficits. Recently, a new therapeutic concept, Hand-arm Bimanual Intensive Therapy Including Lower Extremities (HABIT-ILE), has been proposed, involving the constant stimulation of UE and LE. Based on motor skill learning principles, HABIT-ILE is delivered in a day-camp setting, promoting voluntary movements for several hours per day during 10 consecutive week days. Interestingly, the effects of this intervention in a large scale of youngsters are yet to be observed. This is of interest due to the lack of knowledge on functional, neuroplastic and biomechanical changes in infants with bilateral CP. The aim of this randomized controlled study is to assess the effects of HABIT-ILE adapted for pre-school children with bilateral CP regarding functional, neuroplastic and biomechanical factors. Methods: This international, multicentric study will include 50 pre-school children with CP from 12 to 60 months of age, comparing the effect of 50 h (2 weeks) of HABIT-ILE versus regular motor activity and/or customary rehabilitation. HABIT-ILE presents structured activities and functional tasks with continuous increase in difficulty while the child evolves. Assessments will be performed at 3 period times: baseline, two weeks later and 3 months later. The primary outcome will be the Gross Motor Function Measure 66. Secondary outcomes will include Both Hands Assessment, Melbourne Assessment-2, Semmes-Weinstein Monofilament Test, algometry assessments, executive function tests, ACTIVLIM-CP questionnaire, Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (computer adaptative test), Young Children's Participation and Environment Measure, Measure of the Process of Care, Canadian Occupational Performance Measure, neuroimaging and kinematics. Discussion: The results of this study should highlight the impact of a motor, intensive, goal-directed therapy (HABIT-ILE) in pre-school children at a functional, neuroplastic and biomechanical level. In addition, this changes could demonstrated the impact of this intervention in the developmental curve of each child, improving functional ability, activity and participation in short-, mid- and long-term. Name of the registry: Evaluation of Functional, Neuroplastic and Biomechanical Changes Induced by an Intensive, Playful Early-morning Treatment Including Lower Limbs (EARLY-HABIT-ILE) in Preschool Children With Uni and Bilateral Cerebral Palsy (HABIT-ILE). Trial registration: NCT04017871 Registration date: July 12, 2019.
Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus
- Neurología clínica