Protein arginine methyltransferases PRMT1, PRMT4/CARM1 and PRMT5 have distinct functions in control of osteoblast differentiation

Parisa Dashti, Eric A. Lewallen, Jonathan A.R. Gordon, Martin A. Montecino, Johannes P.T.M. van Leeuwen, Gary S. Stein, Bram C.J. van der Eerden, James R. Davie, Andre J. van Wijnen

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3 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal cells is controlled by epigenetic enzymes that regulate post-translational modifications of histones. Compared to acetyl or methyltransferases, the physiological functions of protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs) in osteoblast differentiation remain minimally understood. Therefore, we surveyed the expression and function of all nine mammalian PRMT members during osteoblast differentiation. RNA-seq gene expression profiling shows that Prmt1, Prmt4/Carm1 and Prmt5 represent the most prominently expressed PRMT subtypes in mouse calvarial bone and MC3T3 osteoblasts as well as human musculoskeletal tissues and mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). Based on effects of siRNA depletion, it appears that PRMT members have different functional effects: (i) loss of Prmt1 stimulates and (ii) loss of Prmt5 decreases calcium deposition of mouse MC3T3 osteoblasts, while (iii) loss of Carm1 is inconsequential for calcium deposition. Decreased Prmt5 suppresses expression of multiple genes involved in mineralization (e.g., Alpl, Ibsp, Phospho1) consistent with a positive role in osteogenesis. Depletion of Prmt1, Carm1 and Prmt5 has intricate but modest time-dependent effects on the expression of a panel of osteoblast differentiation and proliferation markers but does not change mRNA levels for select epigenetic regulators (e.g., Ezh1, Ezh2, Brd2 and Brd4). Treatment with the Class I PRMT inhibitor GSK715 enhances extracellular matrix mineralization of MC3T3 cells, while blocking formation of H3R17me2a but not H4R3me2a marks. In sum, Prmt1, Carm1 and Prmt5 have distinct biological roles during osteoblast differentiation, and different types histone H3 and H4 arginine methylation may contribute to the chromatin landscape during osteoblast differentiation.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo101704
PublicaciónBone Reports
Volumen19
DOI
EstadoPublicada - dic. 2023

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Endocrinología, diabetes y metabolismo
  • Ortopedia y medicina del deporte

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