Prospective randomized clinical trial of aggressive rehabilitation after acute Achilles tendon ruptures repaired with Dresden technique

Carlos De la Fuente, Roberto Peña y Lillo, Gabriel Carreño, Hugo Marambio

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

40 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: Rupture of the Achilles tendon is a common injury during working years. Aggressive rehabilitation may provide better outcomes, but also a greater chance of re-rupture. Objective: To determine if aggressive rehabilitation has better clinical outcomes for Achilles tendon function, Triceps surae function, one-leg heel rise capacity and lower complication rate during twelve weeks after percutaneous Achilles tendon repair compared to conventional rehabilitation. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Method: Thirty-nine patients were prospectively randomized. The aggressive group (n = 20, 41.4 ± 8.3 years) received rehabilitation from the first day after surgery. The conventional group (n = 19, 41.7 ± 10.7 years) rested for 28 days, before rehabilitation started. The statistical parameters were the Achilles tendon rupture score (ATRS), verbal pain scale, time to return to work, pain medication consumption, Achilles tendon strength, dorsiflexion range of motion (RoM), injured-leg calf circumference, calf circumference difference, one-leg heel rise repetition and difference, re-rupture rate, strength deficit rate, and other complication rates. Mixed-ANOVA and Bonferroni's post hoc test were performed for multiple comparisons. Student's t-test was performed for parameters measured on the 12th week. Results: The aggressive group with respect to the conventional group had a higher ATRS; lower verbal pain score; lower pain medication consumption; early return to work; higher Achilles tendon strength; higher one-leg heel rise repetitions; and lower one-leg heel rise difference. The re-rupture rate was 5% and 5%, the strength deficit rate was 42% and 5%, and other complications rate was 11% and 15% in the conventional and aggressive group, respectively. Conclusion: Patients with Dresden repair and aggressive rehabilitation have better clinical outcomes, Achilles tendon function and one-leg heel rise capacity without increasing the postoperative complications rate after 12 weeks compared to rehabilitation with immobilization and non-weight-bearing during the first 28 days after surgery.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)15-22
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónFoot
Volumen26
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 mar. 2016
Publicado de forma externa

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Podología
  • Ortopedia y medicina del deporte

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