Objective Among the genetic factors associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), determining polymorphic genotypes could help to understand the appearance of the illness. Ethnic diff erences in these polymorphisms could explain population variability in susceptibility to CVD. The main goal of this research is to study the presence of more relevant genetic variants of ApoE, CETP, ACE, PAI-1, MT.HFR, FII and FVL of the coagulation cascade, to describe the presence of cardiovascular-related variants in a mestizo group of the Chilean people. Methods and results The studied population comprised 146 unrelated subjects from the general population, diagnosed as healthy, who were genotyped through conventional and/or real-time PCR. The allele frequencies for the Chilean population were: Apo E, ε2: 0.036, ε3: 0.875 and ε4: 0.089; CETP, B1: 0.51 and B2: 0.49; MT.HFR, C: 0.52 and T: 0.48; ACE, I: 0.603 and D: 0.397; PAI-1, 4G: 0.381 and 5G: 0.619; FII, G: 0.97 and A: 0.03, and FV Leiden, G: 0.97 and A: 0.03. Conclusions This study contributes to establish a first picture in the Chilean mestizo population about the frequencies of these variants, which could act as single or complementary risk factors to trigger CVD. The obtained allele frequencies show great diff erences in relation to other South American populations.
Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus
- Cardiología y medicina cardiovascular