Polycomb PRC2 complex mediates epigenetic silencing of a critical osteogenic master regulator in the hippocampus

Rodrigo Aguilar, Fernando J. Bustos, Mauricio Saez, Adriana Rojas, Miguel L. Allende, Andre J. van Wijnen, Brigitte van Zundert, Martin Montecino

Resultado de la investigación: Article

7 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

During hippocampal neuron differentiation, the expression of critical inducers of non-neuronal cell lineages must be efficiently silenced. Runx2 transcription factor is the master regulator of mesenchymal cells responsible for intramembranous osteoblast differentiation and formation of the craniofacial bone tissue that surrounds and protects the central nervous system (CNS) in mammalian embryos. The molecular mechanisms that mediate silencing of the Runx2 gene and its downstream target osteogenic-related genes in neuronal cells have not been explored. Here, we assess the epigenetic mechanisms that mediate silencing of osteoblast-specific genes in CNS neurons. In particular, we address the contribution of histone epigenetic marks and histone modifiers on the silencing of the Runx2/p57 bone-related isoform in rat hippocampal tissues at embryonic to adult stages. Our results indicate enrichment of repressive chromatin histone marks and of the Polycomb PRC2 complex at the Runx2/p57 promoter region. Knockdown of PRC2 H3K27-methyltransferases Ezh2 and Ezh1, or forced expression of the Trithorax/COMPASS subunit Wdr5 activates Runx2/p57 mRNA expression in both immature and mature hippocampal cells. Together these results indicate that complementary epigenetic mechanisms progressively and efficiently silence critical osteoblastic genes during hippocampal neuron differentiation.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)1043-1055
Número de páginas13
PublicaciónBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Gene Regulatory Mechanisms
Volumen1859
N.º8
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 ago 2016

Huella dactilar

Histone Code
Epigenomics
Hippocampus
Genes
Histones
Neurons
Osteoblasts
Neurology
Central Nervous System
Mammalian Embryo
Bone and Bones
Bone
Methyltransferases
Gene Silencing
Cell Lineage
Tissue
Genetic Promoter Regions
Chromatin
Protein Isoforms
Transcription Factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

Citar esto

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title = "Polycomb PRC2 complex mediates epigenetic silencing of a critical osteogenic master regulator in the hippocampus",
abstract = "During hippocampal neuron differentiation, the expression of critical inducers of non-neuronal cell lineages must be efficiently silenced. Runx2 transcription factor is the master regulator of mesenchymal cells responsible for intramembranous osteoblast differentiation and formation of the craniofacial bone tissue that surrounds and protects the central nervous system (CNS) in mammalian embryos. The molecular mechanisms that mediate silencing of the Runx2 gene and its downstream target osteogenic-related genes in neuronal cells have not been explored. Here, we assess the epigenetic mechanisms that mediate silencing of osteoblast-specific genes in CNS neurons. In particular, we address the contribution of histone epigenetic marks and histone modifiers on the silencing of the Runx2/p57 bone-related isoform in rat hippocampal tissues at embryonic to adult stages. Our results indicate enrichment of repressive chromatin histone marks and of the Polycomb PRC2 complex at the Runx2/p57 promoter region. Knockdown of PRC2 H3K27-methyltransferases Ezh2 and Ezh1, or forced expression of the Trithorax/COMPASS subunit Wdr5 activates Runx2/p57 mRNA expression in both immature and mature hippocampal cells. Together these results indicate that complementary epigenetic mechanisms progressively and efficiently silence critical osteoblastic genes during hippocampal neuron differentiation.",
keywords = "Epigenetic regulation of gene expression, Hippocampus, Runx2",
author = "Rodrigo Aguilar and Bustos, {Fernando J.} and Mauricio Saez and Adriana Rojas and Allende, {Miguel L.} and {van Wijnen}, {Andre J.} and {van Zundert}, Brigitte and Martin Montecino",
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Polycomb PRC2 complex mediates epigenetic silencing of a critical osteogenic master regulator in the hippocampus. / Aguilar, Rodrigo; Bustos, Fernando J.; Saez, Mauricio; Rojas, Adriana; Allende, Miguel L.; van Wijnen, Andre J.; van Zundert, Brigitte; Montecino, Martin.

En: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Gene Regulatory Mechanisms, Vol. 1859, N.º 8, 01.08.2016, p. 1043-1055.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Polycomb PRC2 complex mediates epigenetic silencing of a critical osteogenic master regulator in the hippocampus

AU - Aguilar, Rodrigo

AU - Bustos, Fernando J.

AU - Saez, Mauricio

AU - Rojas, Adriana

AU - Allende, Miguel L.

AU - van Wijnen, Andre J.

AU - van Zundert, Brigitte

AU - Montecino, Martin

PY - 2016/8/1

Y1 - 2016/8/1

N2 - During hippocampal neuron differentiation, the expression of critical inducers of non-neuronal cell lineages must be efficiently silenced. Runx2 transcription factor is the master regulator of mesenchymal cells responsible for intramembranous osteoblast differentiation and formation of the craniofacial bone tissue that surrounds and protects the central nervous system (CNS) in mammalian embryos. The molecular mechanisms that mediate silencing of the Runx2 gene and its downstream target osteogenic-related genes in neuronal cells have not been explored. Here, we assess the epigenetic mechanisms that mediate silencing of osteoblast-specific genes in CNS neurons. In particular, we address the contribution of histone epigenetic marks and histone modifiers on the silencing of the Runx2/p57 bone-related isoform in rat hippocampal tissues at embryonic to adult stages. Our results indicate enrichment of repressive chromatin histone marks and of the Polycomb PRC2 complex at the Runx2/p57 promoter region. Knockdown of PRC2 H3K27-methyltransferases Ezh2 and Ezh1, or forced expression of the Trithorax/COMPASS subunit Wdr5 activates Runx2/p57 mRNA expression in both immature and mature hippocampal cells. Together these results indicate that complementary epigenetic mechanisms progressively and efficiently silence critical osteoblastic genes during hippocampal neuron differentiation.

AB - During hippocampal neuron differentiation, the expression of critical inducers of non-neuronal cell lineages must be efficiently silenced. Runx2 transcription factor is the master regulator of mesenchymal cells responsible for intramembranous osteoblast differentiation and formation of the craniofacial bone tissue that surrounds and protects the central nervous system (CNS) in mammalian embryos. The molecular mechanisms that mediate silencing of the Runx2 gene and its downstream target osteogenic-related genes in neuronal cells have not been explored. Here, we assess the epigenetic mechanisms that mediate silencing of osteoblast-specific genes in CNS neurons. In particular, we address the contribution of histone epigenetic marks and histone modifiers on the silencing of the Runx2/p57 bone-related isoform in rat hippocampal tissues at embryonic to adult stages. Our results indicate enrichment of repressive chromatin histone marks and of the Polycomb PRC2 complex at the Runx2/p57 promoter region. Knockdown of PRC2 H3K27-methyltransferases Ezh2 and Ezh1, or forced expression of the Trithorax/COMPASS subunit Wdr5 activates Runx2/p57 mRNA expression in both immature and mature hippocampal cells. Together these results indicate that complementary epigenetic mechanisms progressively and efficiently silence critical osteoblastic genes during hippocampal neuron differentiation.

KW - Epigenetic regulation of gene expression

KW - Hippocampus

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