Pollution and its Impacts on the South American Cryosphere

Luisa T. Molina, Laura Gallardo, M. Andrade, D. Baumgardner, M. Borbor-Cõrdova, R. Bõrquez, G. Casassa, F. Cereceda-Balic, L. Dawidowski, R. Garreaud, N. Huneeus, F. Lambert, J. L. McCarty, J. Mc Phee, M. Mena-Carrasco, G. B. Raga, C. Schmitt, J. P. Schwarz

Resultado de la investigación: Review article

15 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

This article is a review of the science goals and activities initiated within the framework of the Pollution and its Impacts on the South American Cryosphere (PISAC) initiative. Air pollution associated with biomass burning and urban emissions affects extensive areas of South America. We focus on black carbon (BC) aerosol and its impacts on air quality, water availability, and climate, with an emphasis on the Andean cryosphere. BC is one of the key short-lived climate pollutants that is a topic of growing interest for near-term mitigation of these issues. Limited scientific evidence indicates that the Andean cryosphere has already responded to climate change with receding glaciers and snow cover, which directly affect water resources, agriculture, and energy production in the Andean region of South America. Despite the paucity of systematic observations along the Andes, a few studies have detected BC on snow and glaciers in the Andes. These, in addition to existing and projected emissions and weather patterns, suggest a possible contribution of BC to the observed retreat of the Andean cryosphere. Here we provide an overview of the current understanding of these issues from scientific and policy perspectives, and propose strategic expansions to the relevant measurement infrastructure in the region. Key points A review of black carbon pollution impacts on the Andean cryosphere is presented The lack of observations in the Andean region hampers the understanding of glacier retreat Few mitigation measures relevant to short-lived pollutants have been adopted in the region.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)345-369
Número de páginas25
PublicaciónEarth's Future
Volumen3
N.º12
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 dic 2015

Huella dactilar

cryosphere
black carbon
pollution
glacier
glacier retreat
pollutant
climate
biomass burning
snow cover
water availability
air quality
mitigation
atmospheric pollution
snow
water resource
infrastructure
aerosol
agriculture
weather
climate change

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Citar esto

Molina, L. T., Gallardo, L., Andrade, M., Baumgardner, D., Borbor-Cõrdova, M., Bõrquez, R., ... Schwarz, J. P. (2015). Pollution and its Impacts on the South American Cryosphere. Earth's Future, 3(12), 345-369. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015EF000311
Molina, Luisa T. ; Gallardo, Laura ; Andrade, M. ; Baumgardner, D. ; Borbor-Cõrdova, M. ; Bõrquez, R. ; Casassa, G. ; Cereceda-Balic, F. ; Dawidowski, L. ; Garreaud, R. ; Huneeus, N. ; Lambert, F. ; McCarty, J. L. ; Mc Phee, J. ; Mena-Carrasco, M. ; Raga, G. B. ; Schmitt, C. ; Schwarz, J. P. / Pollution and its Impacts on the South American Cryosphere. En: Earth's Future. 2015 ; Vol. 3, N.º 12. pp. 345-369.
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Molina, LT, Gallardo, L, Andrade, M, Baumgardner, D, Borbor-Cõrdova, M, Bõrquez, R, Casassa, G, Cereceda-Balic, F, Dawidowski, L, Garreaud, R, Huneeus, N, Lambert, F, McCarty, JL, Mc Phee, J, Mena-Carrasco, M, Raga, GB, Schmitt, C & Schwarz, JP 2015, 'Pollution and its Impacts on the South American Cryosphere', Earth's Future, vol. 3, n.º 12, pp. 345-369. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015EF000311

Pollution and its Impacts on the South American Cryosphere. / Molina, Luisa T.; Gallardo, Laura; Andrade, M.; Baumgardner, D.; Borbor-Cõrdova, M.; Bõrquez, R.; Casassa, G.; Cereceda-Balic, F.; Dawidowski, L.; Garreaud, R.; Huneeus, N.; Lambert, F.; McCarty, J. L.; Mc Phee, J.; Mena-Carrasco, M.; Raga, G. B.; Schmitt, C.; Schwarz, J. P.

En: Earth's Future, Vol. 3, N.º 12, 01.12.2015, p. 345-369.

Resultado de la investigación: Review article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pollution and its Impacts on the South American Cryosphere

AU - Molina, Luisa T.

AU - Gallardo, Laura

AU - Andrade, M.

AU - Baumgardner, D.

AU - Borbor-Cõrdova, M.

AU - Bõrquez, R.

AU - Casassa, G.

AU - Cereceda-Balic, F.

AU - Dawidowski, L.

AU - Garreaud, R.

AU - Huneeus, N.

AU - Lambert, F.

AU - McCarty, J. L.

AU - Mc Phee, J.

AU - Mena-Carrasco, M.

AU - Raga, G. B.

AU - Schmitt, C.

AU - Schwarz, J. P.

PY - 2015/12/1

Y1 - 2015/12/1

N2 - This article is a review of the science goals and activities initiated within the framework of the Pollution and its Impacts on the South American Cryosphere (PISAC) initiative. Air pollution associated with biomass burning and urban emissions affects extensive areas of South America. We focus on black carbon (BC) aerosol and its impacts on air quality, water availability, and climate, with an emphasis on the Andean cryosphere. BC is one of the key short-lived climate pollutants that is a topic of growing interest for near-term mitigation of these issues. Limited scientific evidence indicates that the Andean cryosphere has already responded to climate change with receding glaciers and snow cover, which directly affect water resources, agriculture, and energy production in the Andean region of South America. Despite the paucity of systematic observations along the Andes, a few studies have detected BC on snow and glaciers in the Andes. These, in addition to existing and projected emissions and weather patterns, suggest a possible contribution of BC to the observed retreat of the Andean cryosphere. Here we provide an overview of the current understanding of these issues from scientific and policy perspectives, and propose strategic expansions to the relevant measurement infrastructure in the region. Key points A review of black carbon pollution impacts on the Andean cryosphere is presented The lack of observations in the Andean region hampers the understanding of glacier retreat Few mitigation measures relevant to short-lived pollutants have been adopted in the region.

AB - This article is a review of the science goals and activities initiated within the framework of the Pollution and its Impacts on the South American Cryosphere (PISAC) initiative. Air pollution associated with biomass burning and urban emissions affects extensive areas of South America. We focus on black carbon (BC) aerosol and its impacts on air quality, water availability, and climate, with an emphasis on the Andean cryosphere. BC is one of the key short-lived climate pollutants that is a topic of growing interest for near-term mitigation of these issues. Limited scientific evidence indicates that the Andean cryosphere has already responded to climate change with receding glaciers and snow cover, which directly affect water resources, agriculture, and energy production in the Andean region of South America. Despite the paucity of systematic observations along the Andes, a few studies have detected BC on snow and glaciers in the Andes. These, in addition to existing and projected emissions and weather patterns, suggest a possible contribution of BC to the observed retreat of the Andean cryosphere. Here we provide an overview of the current understanding of these issues from scientific and policy perspectives, and propose strategic expansions to the relevant measurement infrastructure in the region. Key points A review of black carbon pollution impacts on the Andean cryosphere is presented The lack of observations in the Andean region hampers the understanding of glacier retreat Few mitigation measures relevant to short-lived pollutants have been adopted in the region.

KW - air pollution

KW - Andes cryosphere

KW - black carbon

KW - climate change

KW - water resources

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DO - 10.1002/2015EF000311

M3 - Review article

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JO - Earth's Future

JF - Earth's Future

SN - 2328-4277

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Molina LT, Gallardo L, Andrade M, Baumgardner D, Borbor-Cõrdova M, Bõrquez R y otros. Pollution and its Impacts on the South American Cryosphere. Earth's Future. 2015 dic 1;3(12):345-369. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015EF000311