Petrological vestiges of the Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous transition from rift to back-arc basin in southernmost Chile: New age and geochemical data from the Capitán Aracena, Carlos III, and Tortuga ophiolitic complexes

M. Calderón, C. F. Prades, F. Hervé, V. Avendaño, C. M. Fanning, H. J. Massonne, T. Theye, A. Simonetti

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

24 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The ophiolitic remnants of the Upper Mesozoic Rocas Verdes basin in southernmost South America were studied from the perspectives of petrography, chemistry of minerals, bulk-rock geochemistry, and U-Pb geochronology. The study aimed to unravel the tectonic, magmatic, and metamorphic evolution of a suprasubduction rift zone that underwent a transition to a back-arc basin. The rifting phase and bimodal magmatism within the Rocas Verdes basin started prior to or during the Late Jurassic, as indicated by a gabbro in contact with pillow basalts that dated at 154 Ma. In the Late Jurassic Capitán Aracena and Carlos III complexes, tholeiitic basalts are geochemically comparable to enriched mid-oceanic ridge basalts. Back-arc basin development continued for 35 myr until the Early Cretaceous, as suggested by the ages of detrital zircons in cherty layers within pillow basalts and metamorphic titanite that crystallized during seafloor metamorphism near the spreading/magmatic axis. In the Early Cretaceous Tortuga Complex, tholeiitic basalts are comparable to normal mid-oceanic ridge basalts. Non-deformative metamorphism converted the primary mineralogy of the ophiolites to low- to intermediate-grade metamorphic assemblages formed during ocean-floor type alteration in a suprasubduction setting. Fossilized bacteria, preserved as rounded aggregates of titanite microcrystals, were identified in the pillow basalts up to the Early Cretaceous. The Rocas Verdes basin closed during the Andean orogeny, which started during the Late Cretaceous, and ophiolites were tectonically juxtaposed and thrust over the sedimentary infill of the quasi-oceanic basin in which they developed. The tectonic emplacement of the ophiolitic complexes was complete before the latest Cretaceous, as indicated by crystallization ages of granites intruded into the ophiolitic complexes. Coyright

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)201-217
Número de páginas17
PublicaciónGeochemical Journal
Volumen47
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2013

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Geofísica
  • Geoquímica y petrología

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