parafunciones y caries dentales en preescolares de comunidades pehuenches

Ricardo Cartes-Velásquez, Nancy Araya Navarrete, Alejandra Avilés Melgarejo

Resultado de la investigación: Article

2 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Introduction: Oral parafunctions are considered one of the causal factors of temporomandibular disorders and have gained importance in recent decades, especially in child and young populations, although evidence is scarce in the preschool children and nonexistent in the indigenous groups. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of oral parafunctions and the presence of caries in pehuenche preschool children, from Alto Biobio commune, the poorest one in Chile, as well as the possible association of the ethnodemographic and the socioeconomic characteristics. Methods: A sample comprised 71 children from 2 to 5 years attending kindergarten; the permission of local authorities and the informed consent of parents were granted. Socio-ethno-demographic variables, decay presence in primary teeth (dmft index) according to WHO criteria and the presence of 8 oral parafunctions: finger sucking, object sucking, sucking on bottle, pacifier and lip sucking, tongue thrust, onychophagia and mouth breathing, were all evaluated through a survey made to kindergarten educators. Results: Of the studied children, 9.86% were caries-free and the dmft index was 6.83 ± 4.65, increasing with the age, hence, it was 2.8 at age 2 and 8.23 at age 5. Oral parafunctions average was 1.73 ± 1.06 per child, significantly higher in women, pehuenches and extremely poor children. Prevalence for any of the 8 oral parafunctions was 90.86% and for those associated with non-nutritive sucking was 77.46%. The most prevalent were bottle and labial sucking (26.76%), onychophagia (29.58%) and finger sucking (47.89%). Conclusions: Decay presence in these preschool children is very high, whereas the prevalence of oral parafunctions is similar to that of other populations, affecting more children in extreme poverty setting and pehuenches. All this is possibly related to the social vulnerability of the commune. These results highlighted the urgent need of implementing preventive, promotional and therapeutic strategies in this population.

Idioma originalSpanish
Páginas (desde-hasta)295-304
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónRevista Cubana de Estomatologia
Volumen49
N.º4
EstadoPublished - 10 may 2013

Huella dactilar

Preschool Children
Nail Biting
Fingersucking
Lip
Pacifiers
Mouth Breathing
Population
Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
Deciduous Tooth
Chile
Poverty
Informed Consent
Tongue
Parents
Demography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Citar esto

Cartes-Velásquez, R., Navarrete, N. A., & Melgarejo, A. A. (2013). parafunciones y caries dentales en preescolares de comunidades pehuenches. Revista Cubana de Estomatologia, 49(4), 295-304.
Cartes-Velásquez, Ricardo ; Navarrete, Nancy Araya ; Melgarejo, Alejandra Avilés. / parafunciones y caries dentales en preescolares de comunidades pehuenches. En: Revista Cubana de Estomatologia. 2013 ; Vol. 49, N.º 4. pp. 295-304.
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abstract = "Introduction: Oral parafunctions are considered one of the causal factors of temporomandibular disorders and have gained importance in recent decades, especially in child and young populations, although evidence is scarce in the preschool children and nonexistent in the indigenous groups. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of oral parafunctions and the presence of caries in pehuenche preschool children, from Alto Biobio commune, the poorest one in Chile, as well as the possible association of the ethnodemographic and the socioeconomic characteristics. Methods: A sample comprised 71 children from 2 to 5 years attending kindergarten; the permission of local authorities and the informed consent of parents were granted. Socio-ethno-demographic variables, decay presence in primary teeth (dmft index) according to WHO criteria and the presence of 8 oral parafunctions: finger sucking, object sucking, sucking on bottle, pacifier and lip sucking, tongue thrust, onychophagia and mouth breathing, were all evaluated through a survey made to kindergarten educators. Results: Of the studied children, 9.86{\%} were caries-free and the dmft index was 6.83 ± 4.65, increasing with the age, hence, it was 2.8 at age 2 and 8.23 at age 5. Oral parafunctions average was 1.73 ± 1.06 per child, significantly higher in women, pehuenches and extremely poor children. Prevalence for any of the 8 oral parafunctions was 90.86{\%} and for those associated with non-nutritive sucking was 77.46{\%}. The most prevalent were bottle and labial sucking (26.76{\%}), onychophagia (29.58{\%}) and finger sucking (47.89{\%}). Conclusions: Decay presence in these preschool children is very high, whereas the prevalence of oral parafunctions is similar to that of other populations, affecting more children in extreme poverty setting and pehuenches. All this is possibly related to the social vulnerability of the commune. These results highlighted the urgent need of implementing preventive, promotional and therapeutic strategies in this population.",
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Cartes-Velásquez, R, Navarrete, NA & Melgarejo, AA 2013, 'parafunciones y caries dentales en preescolares de comunidades pehuenches', Revista Cubana de Estomatologia, vol. 49, n.º 4, pp. 295-304.

parafunciones y caries dentales en preescolares de comunidades pehuenches. / Cartes-Velásquez, Ricardo; Navarrete, Nancy Araya; Melgarejo, Alejandra Avilés.

En: Revista Cubana de Estomatologia, Vol. 49, N.º 4, 10.05.2013, p. 295-304.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - parafunciones y caries dentales en preescolares de comunidades pehuenches

AU - Cartes-Velásquez, Ricardo

AU - Navarrete, Nancy Araya

AU - Melgarejo, Alejandra Avilés

PY - 2013/5/10

Y1 - 2013/5/10

N2 - Introduction: Oral parafunctions are considered one of the causal factors of temporomandibular disorders and have gained importance in recent decades, especially in child and young populations, although evidence is scarce in the preschool children and nonexistent in the indigenous groups. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of oral parafunctions and the presence of caries in pehuenche preschool children, from Alto Biobio commune, the poorest one in Chile, as well as the possible association of the ethnodemographic and the socioeconomic characteristics. Methods: A sample comprised 71 children from 2 to 5 years attending kindergarten; the permission of local authorities and the informed consent of parents were granted. Socio-ethno-demographic variables, decay presence in primary teeth (dmft index) according to WHO criteria and the presence of 8 oral parafunctions: finger sucking, object sucking, sucking on bottle, pacifier and lip sucking, tongue thrust, onychophagia and mouth breathing, were all evaluated through a survey made to kindergarten educators. Results: Of the studied children, 9.86% were caries-free and the dmft index was 6.83 ± 4.65, increasing with the age, hence, it was 2.8 at age 2 and 8.23 at age 5. Oral parafunctions average was 1.73 ± 1.06 per child, significantly higher in women, pehuenches and extremely poor children. Prevalence for any of the 8 oral parafunctions was 90.86% and for those associated with non-nutritive sucking was 77.46%. The most prevalent were bottle and labial sucking (26.76%), onychophagia (29.58%) and finger sucking (47.89%). Conclusions: Decay presence in these preschool children is very high, whereas the prevalence of oral parafunctions is similar to that of other populations, affecting more children in extreme poverty setting and pehuenches. All this is possibly related to the social vulnerability of the commune. These results highlighted the urgent need of implementing preventive, promotional and therapeutic strategies in this population.

AB - Introduction: Oral parafunctions are considered one of the causal factors of temporomandibular disorders and have gained importance in recent decades, especially in child and young populations, although evidence is scarce in the preschool children and nonexistent in the indigenous groups. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of oral parafunctions and the presence of caries in pehuenche preschool children, from Alto Biobio commune, the poorest one in Chile, as well as the possible association of the ethnodemographic and the socioeconomic characteristics. Methods: A sample comprised 71 children from 2 to 5 years attending kindergarten; the permission of local authorities and the informed consent of parents were granted. Socio-ethno-demographic variables, decay presence in primary teeth (dmft index) according to WHO criteria and the presence of 8 oral parafunctions: finger sucking, object sucking, sucking on bottle, pacifier and lip sucking, tongue thrust, onychophagia and mouth breathing, were all evaluated through a survey made to kindergarten educators. Results: Of the studied children, 9.86% were caries-free and the dmft index was 6.83 ± 4.65, increasing with the age, hence, it was 2.8 at age 2 and 8.23 at age 5. Oral parafunctions average was 1.73 ± 1.06 per child, significantly higher in women, pehuenches and extremely poor children. Prevalence for any of the 8 oral parafunctions was 90.86% and for those associated with non-nutritive sucking was 77.46%. The most prevalent were bottle and labial sucking (26.76%), onychophagia (29.58%) and finger sucking (47.89%). Conclusions: Decay presence in these preschool children is very high, whereas the prevalence of oral parafunctions is similar to that of other populations, affecting more children in extreme poverty setting and pehuenches. All this is possibly related to the social vulnerability of the commune. These results highlighted the urgent need of implementing preventive, promotional and therapeutic strategies in this population.

KW - Chile

KW - Decay

KW - Oral parafunction

KW - Pehuenche

KW - Preschool children

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VL - 49

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JO - Revista Cubana de Estomatologia

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Cartes-Velásquez R, Navarrete NA, Melgarejo AA. parafunciones y caries dentales en preescolares de comunidades pehuenches. Revista Cubana de Estomatologia. 2013 may 10;49(4):295-304.