OxHDL controls LOX-1 expression and plasma membrane localization through a mechanism dependent on NOX/ROS/NF-κB pathway on endothelial cells

Lorena Pérez, Alejandro Vallejos, Cesar Echeverria, Diego Varela, Claudio Cabello-Verrugio, Felipe Simon

Resultado de la investigación: Article

Resumen

Systemic inflammatory diseases enhance circulating oxidative stress levels, which results in the oxidation of circulating high-density lipoprotein (oxHDL). Endothelial cell function can be negatively impacted by oxHDL, but the underlying mechanisms for this remain unclear. Some reports indicate that the lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) is also a receptor for oxHDL. However, it is unknown if oxHDL induces increased LOX-1 expression at the plasma membrane, as an event that supports endothelial dysfunction. Therefore, the aims of this study were to determine if oxHDL induces plasma-membrane level changes in LOX-1 and, if so, to describe the underlying mechanisms in endothelial cells. Our results demonstrate that the incubation of arterial or vein endothelial cells with oxHDL (and not HDL) induces the increase of LOX-1 expression at the plasma membrane; effect prevented by LOX-1 inhibition. Importantly, same results were observed in endothelial cells from oxHDL-treated rats. Furthermore, the observed oxHDL-induced LOX-1 expression is abolished by the down-regulation of NOX-2 expression with siRNA (and no others NOX isoforms), by the pharmacological inhibition of NAD(P)H oxidase (with DPI or apocynin) or by the inhibition of NF-κB transcription factor. Coherently, LOX-1 expression is augmented by the incubation of endothelial cells with H2O2 or GSSG even in absence of oxHDL, indicating that the NOX-2/ROS/ NF-κB axis is involved. Interestingly, oxHDL incubation also increases TNF-α expression, cytokine that induces LOX-1 expression. Thus, our results suggest a positive feedback mechanism for LOX-1 receptor during inflammatory condition where an oxidative burst will generate oxHDL from native HDL, activating LOX-1 receptor which in turn will increase the expression of NOX-2, TNF-α and LOX-1 receptor at the plasma membrane. In conclusion, oxHDL-induced translocation of LOX-1 to the plasma membrane could constitute an induction mechanism of endothelial dysfunction in systemic inflammatory diseases.

Idioma originalEnglish
PublicaciónLaboratory Investigation
DOI
EstadoAccepted/In press - 1 ene 2019

Huella dactilar

HDL Lipoproteins
Endothelial Cells
Cell Membrane
Class E Scavenger Receptors
Respiratory Burst
Glutathione Disulfide
NADPH Oxidase
Small Interfering RNA
Veins
Protein Isoforms
Oxidative Stress
Transcription Factors
Down-Regulation
Pharmacology
Cytokines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Citar esto

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title = "OxHDL controls LOX-1 expression and plasma membrane localization through a mechanism dependent on NOX/ROS/NF-κB pathway on endothelial cells",
abstract = "Systemic inflammatory diseases enhance circulating oxidative stress levels, which results in the oxidation of circulating high-density lipoprotein (oxHDL). Endothelial cell function can be negatively impacted by oxHDL, but the underlying mechanisms for this remain unclear. Some reports indicate that the lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) is also a receptor for oxHDL. However, it is unknown if oxHDL induces increased LOX-1 expression at the plasma membrane, as an event that supports endothelial dysfunction. Therefore, the aims of this study were to determine if oxHDL induces plasma-membrane level changes in LOX-1 and, if so, to describe the underlying mechanisms in endothelial cells. Our results demonstrate that the incubation of arterial or vein endothelial cells with oxHDL (and not HDL) induces the increase of LOX-1 expression at the plasma membrane; effect prevented by LOX-1 inhibition. Importantly, same results were observed in endothelial cells from oxHDL-treated rats. Furthermore, the observed oxHDL-induced LOX-1 expression is abolished by the down-regulation of NOX-2 expression with siRNA (and no others NOX isoforms), by the pharmacological inhibition of NAD(P)H oxidase (with DPI or apocynin) or by the inhibition of NF-κB transcription factor. Coherently, LOX-1 expression is augmented by the incubation of endothelial cells with H2O2 or GSSG even in absence of oxHDL, indicating that the NOX-2/ROS/ NF-κB axis is involved. Interestingly, oxHDL incubation also increases TNF-α expression, cytokine that induces LOX-1 expression. Thus, our results suggest a positive feedback mechanism for LOX-1 receptor during inflammatory condition where an oxidative burst will generate oxHDL from native HDL, activating LOX-1 receptor which in turn will increase the expression of NOX-2, TNF-α and LOX-1 receptor at the plasma membrane. In conclusion, oxHDL-induced translocation of LOX-1 to the plasma membrane could constitute an induction mechanism of endothelial dysfunction in systemic inflammatory diseases.",
author = "Lorena P{\'e}rez and Alejandro Vallejos and Cesar Echeverria and Diego Varela and Claudio Cabello-Verrugio and Felipe Simon",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/s41374-018-0151-3",
language = "English",
journal = "Laboratory Investigation",
issn = "0023-6837",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - OxHDL controls LOX-1 expression and plasma membrane localization through a mechanism dependent on NOX/ROS/NF-κB pathway on endothelial cells

AU - Pérez, Lorena

AU - Vallejos, Alejandro

AU - Echeverria, Cesar

AU - Varela, Diego

AU - Cabello-Verrugio, Claudio

AU - Simon, Felipe

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Systemic inflammatory diseases enhance circulating oxidative stress levels, which results in the oxidation of circulating high-density lipoprotein (oxHDL). Endothelial cell function can be negatively impacted by oxHDL, but the underlying mechanisms for this remain unclear. Some reports indicate that the lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) is also a receptor for oxHDL. However, it is unknown if oxHDL induces increased LOX-1 expression at the plasma membrane, as an event that supports endothelial dysfunction. Therefore, the aims of this study were to determine if oxHDL induces plasma-membrane level changes in LOX-1 and, if so, to describe the underlying mechanisms in endothelial cells. Our results demonstrate that the incubation of arterial or vein endothelial cells with oxHDL (and not HDL) induces the increase of LOX-1 expression at the plasma membrane; effect prevented by LOX-1 inhibition. Importantly, same results were observed in endothelial cells from oxHDL-treated rats. Furthermore, the observed oxHDL-induced LOX-1 expression is abolished by the down-regulation of NOX-2 expression with siRNA (and no others NOX isoforms), by the pharmacological inhibition of NAD(P)H oxidase (with DPI or apocynin) or by the inhibition of NF-κB transcription factor. Coherently, LOX-1 expression is augmented by the incubation of endothelial cells with H2O2 or GSSG even in absence of oxHDL, indicating that the NOX-2/ROS/ NF-κB axis is involved. Interestingly, oxHDL incubation also increases TNF-α expression, cytokine that induces LOX-1 expression. Thus, our results suggest a positive feedback mechanism for LOX-1 receptor during inflammatory condition where an oxidative burst will generate oxHDL from native HDL, activating LOX-1 receptor which in turn will increase the expression of NOX-2, TNF-α and LOX-1 receptor at the plasma membrane. In conclusion, oxHDL-induced translocation of LOX-1 to the plasma membrane could constitute an induction mechanism of endothelial dysfunction in systemic inflammatory diseases.

AB - Systemic inflammatory diseases enhance circulating oxidative stress levels, which results in the oxidation of circulating high-density lipoprotein (oxHDL). Endothelial cell function can be negatively impacted by oxHDL, but the underlying mechanisms for this remain unclear. Some reports indicate that the lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) is also a receptor for oxHDL. However, it is unknown if oxHDL induces increased LOX-1 expression at the plasma membrane, as an event that supports endothelial dysfunction. Therefore, the aims of this study were to determine if oxHDL induces plasma-membrane level changes in LOX-1 and, if so, to describe the underlying mechanisms in endothelial cells. Our results demonstrate that the incubation of arterial or vein endothelial cells with oxHDL (and not HDL) induces the increase of LOX-1 expression at the plasma membrane; effect prevented by LOX-1 inhibition. Importantly, same results were observed in endothelial cells from oxHDL-treated rats. Furthermore, the observed oxHDL-induced LOX-1 expression is abolished by the down-regulation of NOX-2 expression with siRNA (and no others NOX isoforms), by the pharmacological inhibition of NAD(P)H oxidase (with DPI or apocynin) or by the inhibition of NF-κB transcription factor. Coherently, LOX-1 expression is augmented by the incubation of endothelial cells with H2O2 or GSSG even in absence of oxHDL, indicating that the NOX-2/ROS/ NF-κB axis is involved. Interestingly, oxHDL incubation also increases TNF-α expression, cytokine that induces LOX-1 expression. Thus, our results suggest a positive feedback mechanism for LOX-1 receptor during inflammatory condition where an oxidative burst will generate oxHDL from native HDL, activating LOX-1 receptor which in turn will increase the expression of NOX-2, TNF-α and LOX-1 receptor at the plasma membrane. In conclusion, oxHDL-induced translocation of LOX-1 to the plasma membrane could constitute an induction mechanism of endothelial dysfunction in systemic inflammatory diseases.

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U2 - 10.1038/s41374-018-0151-3

DO - 10.1038/s41374-018-0151-3

M3 - Article

JO - Laboratory Investigation

JF - Laboratory Investigation

SN - 0023-6837

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