In order to improve the cell seeding efficiency and cell compatibility inside porous tissue scaffolds, a method of fibrin gel-mediated cell encapsulation inside the scaffold was optimized. Disc-type poly(d,l-glycolic-co-lactic acid) (PLGA) scaffolds without a dense surface skin layer were fabricated using an established solvent casting and particulate leaching method as a model porous scaffold, which showed high porosity ranging from 90 ± 2% to 96 ± 2%. The thrombin and fibrinogen concentration as precursors of fibrin gel was varied to control the gelation kinetics as measured by rheology analysis, and optimized conditions were developed for a uniform fibrin gel formation with the target cells inside the porous PLGA scaffold. The fibroblast cell seeding accompanied by a uniform fibrin gel formation at an optimized gelation condition inside the PLGA scaffold resulted in an increase in cell seeding efficiency, a better cell proliferation, and an increase in final cell density inside the scaffold. Scanning electron microscopy images revealed that cells were better spread and grown by fibrin gel encapsulation inside scaffold compared with the case of bare PLGA scaffold.
Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus
- Polímeros y plásticos