Optical counterparts of X-ray point sources observed by Chandra in NGC 5128: 20 new globular cluster X-ray sources

Dante Minniti, Marina Rejkuba, S. J. José G. Funes, Sanae Akiyama

Resultado de la investigación: Article

19 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Very Large Telescope images in BVI are used to identify the optical counterparts to bright Chandra X-ray points sources discovered by Kraft and coworkers. Of a total of 111 X-ray point sources with LX > 2 × 1036 ergs s-1 present in a 56 arcmin2 field centered on this galaxy, 58 have optical counterparts. On the basis of the sizes, optical magnitudes, and colors, 20 new globular cluster counterparts of X-ray sources are identified, and three are identified on the basis of their sizes. This brings the total number of globular cluster X-ray sources in this galaxy to 33 and establishes that 30% of the X-ray point sources in NGC 5128 are associated with globular clusters. These X-ray globular clusters occupy the brightest end of the globular cluster luminosity function, indicating that bright low-mass X-ray binaries are preferentially found in massive clusters. Most of the globular clusters with X-ray sources have red colors, with 1.0 < V-I < 1.5, indicating that low-mass X-ray binaries are preferentially formed in metal-rich clusters. The NGC 5128 X-ray globular cluster sources are brighter compared with the Milky Way sources: there are 24 globular clusters with X-ray sources of LX > 1037 ergs s-1. There is, however, no globular cluster X-ray source in NGC 5128 as bright as expected for an accreting black hole. In addition, 31 optical counterparts of X-ray point sources that are not associated with globular clusters are identified. Finally, 53 X-ray point sources (48% of the population) do not have any optical counterparts down to the faintest magnitude limits (B = 25).

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)716-728
Número de páginas13
PublicaciónAstrophysical Journal
Volumen600
N.º2 I
DOI
EstadoPublished - 10 ene 2004

Huella dactilar

globular clusters
point sources
point source
x rays
erg
galaxies
color
luminosity
telescopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Citar esto

Minniti, Dante ; Rejkuba, Marina ; José G. Funes, S. J. ; Akiyama, Sanae. / Optical counterparts of X-ray point sources observed by Chandra in NGC 5128 : 20 new globular cluster X-ray sources. En: Astrophysical Journal. 2004 ; Vol. 600, N.º 2 I. pp. 716-728.
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title = "Optical counterparts of X-ray point sources observed by Chandra in NGC 5128: 20 new globular cluster X-ray sources",
abstract = "Very Large Telescope images in BVI are used to identify the optical counterparts to bright Chandra X-ray points sources discovered by Kraft and coworkers. Of a total of 111 X-ray point sources with LX > 2 × 1036 ergs s-1 present in a 56 arcmin2 field centered on this galaxy, 58 have optical counterparts. On the basis of the sizes, optical magnitudes, and colors, 20 new globular cluster counterparts of X-ray sources are identified, and three are identified on the basis of their sizes. This brings the total number of globular cluster X-ray sources in this galaxy to 33 and establishes that 30{\%} of the X-ray point sources in NGC 5128 are associated with globular clusters. These X-ray globular clusters occupy the brightest end of the globular cluster luminosity function, indicating that bright low-mass X-ray binaries are preferentially found in massive clusters. Most of the globular clusters with X-ray sources have red colors, with 1.0 < V-I < 1.5, indicating that low-mass X-ray binaries are preferentially formed in metal-rich clusters. The NGC 5128 X-ray globular cluster sources are brighter compared with the Milky Way sources: there are 24 globular clusters with X-ray sources of LX > 1037 ergs s-1. There is, however, no globular cluster X-ray source in NGC 5128 as bright as expected for an accreting black hole. In addition, 31 optical counterparts of X-ray point sources that are not associated with globular clusters are identified. Finally, 53 X-ray point sources (48{\%} of the population) do not have any optical counterparts down to the faintest magnitude limits (B = 25).",
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Optical counterparts of X-ray point sources observed by Chandra in NGC 5128 : 20 new globular cluster X-ray sources. / Minniti, Dante; Rejkuba, Marina; José G. Funes, S. J.; Akiyama, Sanae.

En: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 600, N.º 2 I, 10.01.2004, p. 716-728.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Optical counterparts of X-ray point sources observed by Chandra in NGC 5128

T2 - 20 new globular cluster X-ray sources

AU - Minniti, Dante

AU - Rejkuba, Marina

AU - José G. Funes, S. J.

AU - Akiyama, Sanae

PY - 2004/1/10

Y1 - 2004/1/10

N2 - Very Large Telescope images in BVI are used to identify the optical counterparts to bright Chandra X-ray points sources discovered by Kraft and coworkers. Of a total of 111 X-ray point sources with LX > 2 × 1036 ergs s-1 present in a 56 arcmin2 field centered on this galaxy, 58 have optical counterparts. On the basis of the sizes, optical magnitudes, and colors, 20 new globular cluster counterparts of X-ray sources are identified, and three are identified on the basis of their sizes. This brings the total number of globular cluster X-ray sources in this galaxy to 33 and establishes that 30% of the X-ray point sources in NGC 5128 are associated with globular clusters. These X-ray globular clusters occupy the brightest end of the globular cluster luminosity function, indicating that bright low-mass X-ray binaries are preferentially found in massive clusters. Most of the globular clusters with X-ray sources have red colors, with 1.0 < V-I < 1.5, indicating that low-mass X-ray binaries are preferentially formed in metal-rich clusters. The NGC 5128 X-ray globular cluster sources are brighter compared with the Milky Way sources: there are 24 globular clusters with X-ray sources of LX > 1037 ergs s-1. There is, however, no globular cluster X-ray source in NGC 5128 as bright as expected for an accreting black hole. In addition, 31 optical counterparts of X-ray point sources that are not associated with globular clusters are identified. Finally, 53 X-ray point sources (48% of the population) do not have any optical counterparts down to the faintest magnitude limits (B = 25).

AB - Very Large Telescope images in BVI are used to identify the optical counterparts to bright Chandra X-ray points sources discovered by Kraft and coworkers. Of a total of 111 X-ray point sources with LX > 2 × 1036 ergs s-1 present in a 56 arcmin2 field centered on this galaxy, 58 have optical counterparts. On the basis of the sizes, optical magnitudes, and colors, 20 new globular cluster counterparts of X-ray sources are identified, and three are identified on the basis of their sizes. This brings the total number of globular cluster X-ray sources in this galaxy to 33 and establishes that 30% of the X-ray point sources in NGC 5128 are associated with globular clusters. These X-ray globular clusters occupy the brightest end of the globular cluster luminosity function, indicating that bright low-mass X-ray binaries are preferentially found in massive clusters. Most of the globular clusters with X-ray sources have red colors, with 1.0 < V-I < 1.5, indicating that low-mass X-ray binaries are preferentially formed in metal-rich clusters. The NGC 5128 X-ray globular cluster sources are brighter compared with the Milky Way sources: there are 24 globular clusters with X-ray sources of LX > 1037 ergs s-1. There is, however, no globular cluster X-ray source in NGC 5128 as bright as expected for an accreting black hole. In addition, 31 optical counterparts of X-ray point sources that are not associated with globular clusters are identified. Finally, 53 X-ray point sources (48% of the population) do not have any optical counterparts down to the faintest magnitude limits (B = 25).

KW - Galaxies: individual (Centaurus A, NGC 5128)

KW - Globular clusters: general

KW - X-rays: galaxies

KW - X-rays: stars

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DO - 10.1086/379642

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