Very Large Telescope images in BVI are used to identify the optical counterparts to bright Chandra X-ray points sources discovered by Kraft and coworkers. Of a total of 111 X-ray point sources with LX > 2 × 1036 ergs s-1 present in a 56 arcmin2 field centered on this galaxy, 58 have optical counterparts. On the basis of the sizes, optical magnitudes, and colors, 20 new globular cluster counterparts of X-ray sources are identified, and three are identified on the basis of their sizes. This brings the total number of globular cluster X-ray sources in this galaxy to 33 and establishes that 30% of the X-ray point sources in NGC 5128 are associated with globular clusters. These X-ray globular clusters occupy the brightest end of the globular cluster luminosity function, indicating that bright low-mass X-ray binaries are preferentially found in massive clusters. Most of the globular clusters with X-ray sources have red colors, with 1.0 < V-I < 1.5, indicating that low-mass X-ray binaries are preferentially formed in metal-rich clusters. The NGC 5128 X-ray globular cluster sources are brighter compared with the Milky Way sources: there are 24 globular clusters with X-ray sources of LX > 1037 ergs s-1. There is, however, no globular cluster X-ray source in NGC 5128 as bright as expected for an accreting black hole. In addition, 31 optical counterparts of X-ray point sources that are not associated with globular clusters are identified. Finally, 53 X-ray point sources (48% of the population) do not have any optical counterparts down to the faintest magnitude limits (B = 25).
Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus
- Ciencias planetarias y espacial
- Física nuclear y de alta energía
- Astronomía y astrofísica