Novel multidimensional carbons from structural transformations of waste lignin: A low temperature pyrolysis investigation

Rita Khanna, Muhammad Ikram-Ul-Haq, Ravindra Rajarao, Romina Cayumil, Aditya Rawal, Veena Sahajwalla, Partha Sarathi Mukherjee

Resultado de la investigación: Article

9 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Low temperature pyrolysis investigations were carried out on waste lignin, a coproduct of bioethanol production from sugarcane bagasse, in the temperature range 200–800 °C for 15 to 60 min under argon atmosphere. In-depth characterization of resulting chars was carried out using a range of analytical techniques including XRD, HRSEM, EDS, NMR, FTIR, Raman and BET analysis. In addition to good agreement with the published literature, we report the formation of range of multidimensional carbons from waste lignin in the form of nanofibers, micro-ribbons, complex 3D structures and their blends. XRD data showed the evolution of crystalline as well as amorphous structures as a function of temperature. Reaction pathways for structure evolution and associated phase transformations were also identified. The preparation of these novel carbon structural forms from an abundant, waste bioresource could help realize the untapped potential of waste lignin, the exploration of their properties and future applications.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)312-321
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónFuel Processing Technology
Volumen166
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 ene 2017

Huella dactilar

Lignin
Pyrolysis
Carbon
Temperature
Bioethanol
Bagasse
Argon
Nanofibers
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Phase transitions
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Crystalline materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Citar esto

Khanna, Rita ; Ikram-Ul-Haq, Muhammad ; Rajarao, Ravindra ; Cayumil, Romina ; Rawal, Aditya ; Sahajwalla, Veena ; Mukherjee, Partha Sarathi. / Novel multidimensional carbons from structural transformations of waste lignin : A low temperature pyrolysis investigation. En: Fuel Processing Technology. 2017 ; Vol. 166. pp. 312-321.
@article{9eefeda7296e43cc92ec9c3e6d6216a2,
title = "Novel multidimensional carbons from structural transformations of waste lignin: A low temperature pyrolysis investigation",
abstract = "Low temperature pyrolysis investigations were carried out on waste lignin, a coproduct of bioethanol production from sugarcane bagasse, in the temperature range 200–800 °C for 15 to 60 min under argon atmosphere. In-depth characterization of resulting chars was carried out using a range of analytical techniques including XRD, HRSEM, EDS, NMR, FTIR, Raman and BET analysis. In addition to good agreement with the published literature, we report the formation of range of multidimensional carbons from waste lignin in the form of nanofibers, micro-ribbons, complex 3D structures and their blends. XRD data showed the evolution of crystalline as well as amorphous structures as a function of temperature. Reaction pathways for structure evolution and associated phase transformations were also identified. The preparation of these novel carbon structural forms from an abundant, waste bioresource could help realize the untapped potential of waste lignin, the exploration of their properties and future applications.",
keywords = "Carbons, Chars, Lignin waste, Pyrolysis, Sugarcane bagasse",
author = "Rita Khanna and Muhammad Ikram-Ul-Haq and Ravindra Rajarao and Romina Cayumil and Aditya Rawal and Veena Sahajwalla and Mukherjee, {Partha Sarathi}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.fuproc.2017.06.013",
language = "English",
volume = "166",
pages = "312--321",
journal = "Fuel Processing Technology",
issn = "0378-3820",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Novel multidimensional carbons from structural transformations of waste lignin : A low temperature pyrolysis investigation. / Khanna, Rita; Ikram-Ul-Haq, Muhammad; Rajarao, Ravindra; Cayumil, Romina; Rawal, Aditya; Sahajwalla, Veena; Mukherjee, Partha Sarathi.

En: Fuel Processing Technology, Vol. 166, 01.01.2017, p. 312-321.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Novel multidimensional carbons from structural transformations of waste lignin

T2 - A low temperature pyrolysis investigation

AU - Khanna, Rita

AU - Ikram-Ul-Haq, Muhammad

AU - Rajarao, Ravindra

AU - Cayumil, Romina

AU - Rawal, Aditya

AU - Sahajwalla, Veena

AU - Mukherjee, Partha Sarathi

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Low temperature pyrolysis investigations were carried out on waste lignin, a coproduct of bioethanol production from sugarcane bagasse, in the temperature range 200–800 °C for 15 to 60 min under argon atmosphere. In-depth characterization of resulting chars was carried out using a range of analytical techniques including XRD, HRSEM, EDS, NMR, FTIR, Raman and BET analysis. In addition to good agreement with the published literature, we report the formation of range of multidimensional carbons from waste lignin in the form of nanofibers, micro-ribbons, complex 3D structures and their blends. XRD data showed the evolution of crystalline as well as amorphous structures as a function of temperature. Reaction pathways for structure evolution and associated phase transformations were also identified. The preparation of these novel carbon structural forms from an abundant, waste bioresource could help realize the untapped potential of waste lignin, the exploration of their properties and future applications.

AB - Low temperature pyrolysis investigations were carried out on waste lignin, a coproduct of bioethanol production from sugarcane bagasse, in the temperature range 200–800 °C for 15 to 60 min under argon atmosphere. In-depth characterization of resulting chars was carried out using a range of analytical techniques including XRD, HRSEM, EDS, NMR, FTIR, Raman and BET analysis. In addition to good agreement with the published literature, we report the formation of range of multidimensional carbons from waste lignin in the form of nanofibers, micro-ribbons, complex 3D structures and their blends. XRD data showed the evolution of crystalline as well as amorphous structures as a function of temperature. Reaction pathways for structure evolution and associated phase transformations were also identified. The preparation of these novel carbon structural forms from an abundant, waste bioresource could help realize the untapped potential of waste lignin, the exploration of their properties and future applications.

KW - Carbons

KW - Chars

KW - Lignin waste

KW - Pyrolysis

KW - Sugarcane bagasse

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85020908420&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.fuproc.2017.06.013

DO - 10.1016/j.fuproc.2017.06.013

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85020908420

VL - 166

SP - 312

EP - 321

JO - Fuel Processing Technology

JF - Fuel Processing Technology

SN - 0378-3820

ER -