Background: Schizophrenia is a complex genetic disorder with no clear pattern of inheritance. Epigenetic modification of genes may thus play a role in its transmission. Methods: In our study, 439 families with at least two ill siblings with schizophrenia (208 with unilineal transmission) were examined for evidence of a parent-of-origin effect (e.g., evidence of parental imprinting on the familial transmission of schizophrenia). Results: No significant difference in the prevalence of maternal compared with paternal transmission was found. In addition, affected male subjects did not differ from affected female subjects in the proportion of their offspring diagnosed with schizophrenia. Conclusions: Although the transmission of schizophrenia may be influenced by epigenetic events, our study fails to find evidence that one epigenetic mechanism, a parent-of-origin imprinting effect, determines whether an individual expresses the illness. Copyright (C) 2000 Society of Biological Psychiatry.
Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus
- Psiquiatría biológica