Nivel de autoconcepto físico en estudiantes universitarios según género

Enrique Gatica-Simpson, Rodrigo Yáñez-Sepúlveda, Daniel Duclos-Bastías, Guillermo Cortés-Roco, Claudio Hinojosa-Torres, Luis Espinoza-Oteíza

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Currently, there has been an explosive increase in mental illnesses that affect personal self-concept. Self-concept is defined as the perception that the person has of himself and can be classified into various areas, within the areas is the physical self-concept (ACF), which is an individual self-assessment of attributes in the physical domain carried out. the person towards himself. The objective of the study was to analyze physical self-concept according to gender in a sample of 671 university students from the Valparaíso region in Chile (n=369 women; age: 21.72 ± 3.91 years), (n=302 men; age: 21.77 ± 3.57 years). The Physical Self Description Questionnaire short version (PSDQ-s) in online format was used to measure physical self-concept. Descriptive statistics and a non-parametric Mann Whitney test were used to analyze the results. The effect size (ES) test was also applied to calculate the magnitude of the differences. The results showed differences between men and women in all the dimensions of the ACF evaluated (p<0.05), highlighting moderate effects in the variables ACF global (p=<0.001; ES=0.342), resistance (p=<0.001; ES =0.385), sport (p=<0.001; ES=0.354), and strength (p=<0.001; ES=0.426). It is concluded that women have lower physical self-concept values compared to men, an aspect to be considered when generating intervention programs in mental health and quality of life.

Título traducido de la contribuciónLevel of physical self-concept in university students according to gender
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)1345-1350
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónRetos
Volumen51
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2024

Palabras clave

  • body image
  • self-esteem
  • university

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Educación
  • Terapia física, deportiva y rehabilitación
  • Ortopedia y medicina del deporte

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